|Location||Egypt, North Sinai|
|Central coordinates||33o 25.00' East 31o 7.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i|
|Altitude||0 - 10m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description Zaranik Protected Area is located at the eastern end of Lake Bardawil and encompasses an eastern extension of that lake: the Zaranik Lagoon. The lagoon is shallow, with numerous small islets scattered throughout it, most of which are covered with dense saltmarsh vegetation. Extensive mudflats and saltmarshes are found along the lagoon’s shores, merging into sabkha and sand-dunes further inland. A saltworks was established at Zaranik in the early 1980s, prior to its declaration as a protected area, consisting of a pumping station, extensive evaporation pools and saltpans. The facility only became active in 1997.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus||winter||-||10,000 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo||winter||-||5,000 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus||passage||-||present||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Corncrake Crex crex||passage||-||present||-||A1||Least Concern|
|Slender-billed Gull Larus genei||winter||-||2,000 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Zaranik||Nature Conservation Reserve||25,000||protected area contains site||25,000|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
Other biodiversity Reptiles: Caretta caretta (EN) was recently found to have its largest breeding concentration along the Egyptian Mediterranean in the Protected Area. Chelonia mydas (EN) is suspected of breeding locally and Dermochelys coriacea (EN) has been recorded once. Islets and littoral dunes fringing the southern margins of the Zaranik Lagoon and adjacent sabkha are said to have held a small population of Testudo kleinmanni (EN). Trapelus savignii, endemic to the Isthmic Desert and the western Negev, is found throughout the sandy habitats of the region. Mammals: the rare Vulpes zerda (DD) has been recorded.
References Baha el Din (1996b, 1997).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Zaranik Protected Area. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/08/2014
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