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Location Algeria
Central coordinates 6o 3.00' East  35o 37.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 8,500 ha
Altitude 1,000 - 2,000m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description The site lies south-west of Constantine and about 20 km north-west of the town of Batna, in the range of mountains called the Monts de Belezma. These mountains (which reach 2,178 m at Djebel Rafaa, near Col de Telmet) are the northern outlier of the Massif de l’Aurès, which lies at the eastern end of the Hauts Plateaux. The Monts de Belezma have a sub-humid climate with cold winters. There are large areas of Cedrus atlantica forest above 1,300 m. The coordinates are estimated from maps and derived from the town of Col de Telmet and may not accurately reflect the location of the National Park and its boundaries.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 2 for key species. There is a colony of Falco naumanni at Col de Telmet and reports of another possible colony at Djebel Chélia in the Massif de l’Aurès, c.70 km to the south-east. There is no additional information concerning these colonies and the status of the species in Algeria generally is poorly known. Most records of the biome-restricted species are from the Massif de l’Aurès region in general, but it is considered valid to suppose that most if not all of these occur in the Parc National du Belezma, providing suitable habitats are present. More survey work will be needed to confirm this and to determine whether the National Park boundaries are also the most appropriate for the IBA. Given the lack of information available at present, the National Park is used to provide a pragmatic, working definition of the site. This is the only IBA in the north of the country from which Ammomanes deserti is recorded.

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Barbary Partridge Alectoris barbara resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni breeding  present  A1  Least Concern 
Spotted Sandgrouse Pterocles senegallus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-necked Nightjar Caprimulgus ruficollis breeding  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Egyptian Nightjar Caprimulgus aegyptius breeding  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Maghreb Green Woodpecker Picus vaillantii resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Desert Lark Ammomanes deserti resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spectacled Warbler Sylvia conspicillata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans breeding  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tristram's Warbler Sylvia deserticola resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mourning Wheatear Oenanthe lugens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Moussier's Redstart Phoenicurus moussieri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Wheatear Oenanthe leucopyga resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Wheatear Oenanthe leucura resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-rumped Wheatear Oenanthe moesta resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica breeding  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Trumpeter Finch Bucanetes githagineus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Belezma National Park 26,250 protected area contains site 8,500  

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

References Ledant et al. (1981).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Belezma. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife