|Central coordinates||0o 48.00' West 35o 22.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i|
|Altitude||90 - 102m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description The site lies just south of the city of Oran, only 12 km distant from the Mediterranean Sea at its closest point and some 70 km south-west of Marais de la Macta (site DZ017). It consists of a huge basin, subject to inundation after rainfall, that produces a wetland varying in extent from 50,000 to 100,000 ha. The basin is deeper/lower at its eastern end, leading to deeper flooding there, which spreads westwards with increasing rainfall. The sebkha dries out (becoming increasingly saline) in late summer, for a period of up to three months. It has been classed as an ‘unvegetated sebkhet’, but there is some Phragmites australis, Arthrocnemum glaucum, Juncus acutus and Scirpus sp. fringing the shores and watercourses, and Suaeda fruticosa is the dominant vegetation on the seasonally inundated saltflats. The site is surrounded by agricultural land and it is a popular hunting area. Lac de Gharabas (which also has some fairly high winter waterbird counts) lies c.30 km to the east of the site and it is possible that birds move between Sebkha d’Oran, Lac de Gharabas and Marais de la Macta (site DZ017), still further east.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris||winter||1972||200 individuals||-||A1, A4i||Vulnerable|
|Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus||winter||1998||3,055 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta||winter||1979||1,250 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Sebkha d'Oran||Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar)||56,870||is identical to site||56,870|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
Other biodiversity None known to BirdLife International.
References Bellatreche et al. (1982), Green (1993), Heredia et al. (1996), Hughes and Hughes (1992), Morgan (1982), Scott (1980).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sebkha d'Oran. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 08/12/2013
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