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Location Cameroon, Littoral Province,South-west Province
Central coordinates 9o 42.00' East  4o 48.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 3,000 ha
Altitude 750 - 2,064m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Cameroon Biodiversity Conservation Society (Affiliate)



Site description Mount Kupe is less than 10 km east of the Bakossi mountains (CM022) and 20 km south of Mont Manengouba (CM021). The massif is similar in size to Mont Nlonako (CM023) and rises to only a little higher (2,064 m). Apart from a couple of small grassy clearings on a rocky outcrop near the summit, the mountain was entirely clothed in forest from the foothills at c.300 m. All sides have been gradually encroached upon by cultivation, up to 1,500 m on the eastern slopes and up to 750–1,100 m on the western and northern sides, near the villages of Mbule and Nyasoso. The better-preserved section includes primary mid-altitude and montane rainforest on the slopes above Nyasoso.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Tables 2 and 3 for key species. Mount Kupe is one of the better-known sites in the country and the overall list for the area is c.330 species but, excluding commensal species and some vagrants, the total for the forest (including species of edges) is nearer 270. Until very recently, Telophorus kupeensis was thought to be endemic to the mountain, with only c.7 pairs located in 1990, between 950–1,450 m. The forest holds good numbers of Andropadus tephrolaemus, Phyllastrephus poensis, P. poliocephalus, Kupeornis gilberti, Urolais epichlora, Nectarinia oritis and N. ursulae; Cossypha isabellae is common above 1,400 m. Malaconotus gladiator is not uncommon above 1,500 m, with a preference for canopy clearings. Ploceus batesi is only of marginal occurrence, as a pair was recorded once on the lower edge of the forest at Nyasoso (at 900 m). Here, as elsewhere, this species seems to prefer secondary forest. Columba albinucha and Melignomon zenkeri are mainly observed in secondary forest at 1,000–1,100 m. The status of Malaconotus monteiri is uncertain as there is no specimen and large, yellow-breasted Malaconotus shrikes are probably more likely a morph of Malaconotus gladiator. One species of the Sudan–Guinea Savanna biome (A04) also occurs (Table 3).

Non-bird biodiversity: The status of Mandrillus leucophaeus (EN) was uncertain until recently (2000), when one group was relocated. There is a large assemblage of galago species on the mountain, including Arctocebus aureus (LR/nt). Recent botanical exploration of the forest has revealed some new species of trees.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Gymnobucco calvus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Trachyphonus purpuratus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Bristle-nosed Barbet Gymnobucco peli resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Speckled Tinkerbird Pogoniulus scolopaceus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Green Tinkerbird Pogoniulus coryphaea resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-rumped Tinkerbird Pogoniulus atroflavus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Tinkerbird Pogoniulus subsulphureus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Barbet Buccanodon duchaillui resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hairy-breasted Barbet Tricholaema hirsuta resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Congo Serpent-eagle Dryotriorchis spectabilis resident  2000  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-flanked Sparrowhawk Accipiter castanilius resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-legged Sparrowhawk Accipiter erythropus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Hawk-eagle Aquila africana resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura pulchra resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Afep Pigeon Columba unicincta resident  2000  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Cameroon Olive-pigeon Columba sjostedti resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-naped Pigeon Columba albinucha resident  2000  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Blue-headed Wood-dove Turtur brehmeri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Psittacus erithacus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Green Turaco Tauraco persa resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Turaco Tauraco macrorhynchus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Olive Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx olivinus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Coucal Centropus leucogaster resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bubo poensis resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Sandy Scops-owl Otus icterorhynchus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-chested Owlet Glaucidium tephronotum resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sjostedt's Owlet Glaucidium sjostedti resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Caprimulgus nigriscapularis resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Black Spinetail Telacanthura melanopygia resident  2000  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Sabine's Spinetail Rhaphidura sabini resident  2000  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Bates's Swift Apus batesi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bare-cheeked Trogon Apaloderma aequatoriale resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-tailed Trogon Apaloderma vittatum resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Roller Eurystomus gularis resident  2000  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Chocolate-backed Kingfisher Halcyon badia resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Dwarf-kingfisher Ispidina lecontei resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Kingfisher Corythornis leucogaster resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Bee-eater Merops gularis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bycanistes fistulator resident  2000  rare  A3  Not Recognised 
Tropicranus albocristatus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tockus fasciatus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
White-thighed Hornbill Bycanistes albotibialis resident  2000  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Black-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna atrata resident  2000  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Honeybird Prodotiscus insignis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Zenker's Honeyguide Melignomon zenkeri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Honeyguide Indicator maculatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Willcocks's Honeyguide Indicator willcocksi resident  2000  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Campethera tullbergi resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Dendropicos gabonensis resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
African Piculet Verreauxia africana resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-spotted Woodpecker Campethera nivosa resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-crested Woodpecker Dendropicos xantholophus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-headed Broadbill Smithornis sharpei resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-sided Broadbill Smithornis rufolateralis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Shrike-flycatcher Megabyas flammulatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
West African Batis Batis occulta resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut Wattle-eye Platysteira castanea resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-spotted Wattle-eye Platysteira tonsa resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-necked Wattle-eye Platysteira chalybea resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Monteiro's Bush-shrike Malaconotus monteiri resident  2000  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Chestnut-bellied Helmet-shrike Prionops caniceps resident  2000  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-green Bush-shrike Telophorus bocagei resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mount Kupe Bush-shrike Telophorus kupeensis resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Fiery-breasted Bush-shrike Malaconotus cruentus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green-breasted Bush-shrike Malaconotus gladiator resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Red-eyed Puffback Dryoscopus senegalensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Large-billed Puffback Dryoscopus sabini resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mountain Boubou Laniarius poensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Cuckooshrike Coracina caesia resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue Cuckooshrike Coracina azurea resident  2000  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Petit's Cuckooshrike Campephaga petiti resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Black-headed Oriole Oriolus brachyrhynchus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-winged Oriole Oriolus nigripennis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Shining Drongo Dicrurus atripennis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufiventer resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Crested-flycatcher Trochocercus nitens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-vented Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufocinerea resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Crested-flycatcher Elminia nigromitrata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Crested-flycatcher Elminia albiventris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-capped Flycatcher Erythrocercus mccallii resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-necked Picathartes Picathartes oreas resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Tit-hylia Pholidornis rushiae resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Square-tailed Saw-wing Psalidoprocne nitens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fanti Saw-wing Psalidoprocne obscura resident  2000  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Forest Swallow Hirundo fuliginosa resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Chattering Cisticola Cisticola anonymus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-backed Cisticola Cisticola discolor resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Green Longtail Urolais epichlorus resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-capped Apalis Apalis nigriceps resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Masked Apalis Apalis binotata resident  2000  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Apalis rufogularis resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Yellow-browed Camaroptera Camaroptera superciliaris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Olive-green Camaroptera Camaroptera chloronota resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cameroon Montane Greenbul Andropadus montanus resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Grey-headed Greenbul Phyllastrephus poliocephalus resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Grey Greenbul Andropadus gracilis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ansorge's Greenbul Andropadus ansorgei resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Greenbul Andropadus curvirostris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Mountain Greenbul Andropadus tephrolaemus resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Golden Greenbul Calyptocichla serina resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Honeyguide Greenbul Baeopogon indicator resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Greenbul Ixonotus guttatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Simple Greenbul Chlorocichla simplex resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Swamp Greenbul Thescelocichla leucopleura resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cameroon Olive Greenbul Phyllastrephus poensis resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Xavier's Greenbul Phyllastrephus xavieri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lesser Bristlebill Bleda notatus resident  2000  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Green-backed Bulbul Criniger chloronotus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-tailed Bulbul Criniger calurus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bearded Bulbul Criniger ndussumensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Nicator Nicator chloris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Warbler Poliolais lopezi resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Yellow Longbill Macrosphenus flavicans resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Longbill Macrosphenus concolor resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Violet-backed Hyliota Hyliota violacea resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Hylia Hylia prasina resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-capped Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus herberti resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-crowned Eremomela Eremomela badiceps resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Crombec Sylvietta virens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lemon-bellied Crombec Sylvietta denti resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blackcap Illadopsis Illadopsis cleaveri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Illadopsis Illadopsis fulvescens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-chested Babbler Kakamega poliothorax resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Mountain-babbler Kupeornis gilberti resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Purple-headed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureiceps resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Waller's Starling Onychognathus walleri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-winged Starling Onychognathus fulgidus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Narrow-tailed Starling Poeoptera lugubris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Crossley's Ground-thrush Zoothera crossleyi resident  2000  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
White-tailed Ant-thrush Neocossyphus poensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Flycatcher-thrush Stizorhina fraseri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Alethe diademata resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
White-bellied Robin-chat Cossyphicula roberti resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mountain Robin-chat Cossypha isabellae resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
African Forest Flycatcher Fraseria ocreata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sooty Flycatcher Muscicapa infuscata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Olivaceous Flycatcher Muscicapa olivascens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Little Grey Flycatcher Muscicapa epulata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-footed Flycatcher Muscicapa sethsmithi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky-blue Flycatcher Muscicapa comitata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scarlet-tufted Sunbird Anthreptes fraseri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Sunbird Anthreptes rectirostris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Little Green Sunbird Nectarinia seimundi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bates's Sunbird Nectarinia batesi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cameroon Sunbird Nectarinia oritis resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Brown Sunbird Nectarinia cyanolaema resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Carmelite Sunbird Nectarinia fuliginosa resident  2000  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Green-throated Sunbird Nectarinia rubescens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ursula's Sunbird Nectarinia ursulae resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Northern Double-collared Sunbird Nectarinia preussi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tiny Sunbird Nectarinia minulla resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Superb Sunbird Nectarinia superba resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bates's Weaver Ploceus batesi resident  2000  rare  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Black-billed Weaver Ploceus melanogaster resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Vieillot's Black Weaver Ploceus nigerrimus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Maxwell's Black Weaver Ploceus albinucha resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Preuss's Weaver Ploceus preussi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-capped Weaver Ploceus insignis resident  2000  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Crested Malimbe Malimbus malimbicus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-headed Malimbe Malimbus rubricollis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Woodhouse's Antpecker Parmoptila woodhousei resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita fusconotus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita bicolor resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pale-fronted Negrofinch Nigrita luteifrons resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fernando Po Oliveback Nesocharis shelleyi resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Red-faced Crimson-wing Cryptospiza reichenovii resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Bluebill Spermophaga haematina resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Oriole Finch Linurgus olivaceus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial Farmbush, fallow & ruderal land  -
Forest Mid-altitude forest - transitional; Montane forest - mixed  -
Grassland Grassland - secondary  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

References Bowden (2001), Bowden and Andrews (1994), Dowsett-Lemaire and Dowsett (1998b, 2000a), Stuart (1986), Williams (1998).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mount Kupe. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/12/2014

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