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Location Cameroon, North Province
Central coordinates 13o 50.00' East  8o 20.00' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 180,000 ha
Altitude 250 - 760m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Cameroon Biodiversity Conservation Society (Affiliate)



Site description Bénoué National Park is situated between the towns of Garoua, to the north, and Ngaoundéré to the south. A long stretch of the Bénoué river (over 100 km) forms the eastern boundary of the park, the main road linking Garoua and Ngaoundéré makes up part of the western boundary while a public road, to Tcholliré, crosses the northern part of the park. The park is largely surrounded by Hunting Reserves in an area, except along the main road, of low population density. Some large rocky massifs (especially Hosséré Gorna in the north) rise to altitudes of 600–750 m above the undulating plain at 250–500 m. The vegetation includes several types of Sudanian woodland (from tall Isoberlinia-dominated and other woodland in the south-centre, to shorter, more open, mixed wooded grassland in the north), dry Anogeissus forest, semi-evergreen riparian forest and thickets along the Bénoué and its major affluents. The level of the sandy Bénoué river fluctuates much seasonally and exposed sandbars provide habitat for plovers and other waterbirds in the dry season.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Bearded Barbet Pogonornis dubius resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-chested Lapwing Vanellus superciliosus breeding  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Adamawa Turtle-dove Streptopelia hypopyrrha resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Senegal Parrot Poicephalus senegalus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-crested Turaco Tauraco leucolophus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Violet Turaco Musophaga violacea resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-bellied Roller Coracias cyanogaster resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-throated Bee-eater Merops bulocki resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Shrike Corvinella corvina resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Emin's Shrike Lanius gubernator resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Piapiac Ptilostomus afer resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow Penduline-tit Anthoscopus parvulus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sun Lark Galerida modesta resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dorst's Cisticola Cisticola guinea resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-winged Grey Warbler Drymocichla incana resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Oriole Warbler Hypergerus atriceps resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Senegal Eremomela Eremomela pusilla resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blackcap Babbler Turdoides reinwardii resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bronze-tailed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis chalcurus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-collared Starling Grafisia torquata resident  2000  rare  A3  Least Concern 
White-crowned Robin-chat Cossypha albicapilla resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-fronted Black-chat Myrmecocichla albifrons resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-weaver Plocepasser superciliosus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bush Petronia Petronia dentata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Heuglin's Masked-weaver Ploceus heuglini resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-cheeked Oliveback Nesocharis capistrata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-faced Pytilia Pytilia hypogrammica resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-breasted Firefinch Lagonosticta rufopicta resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Firefinch Lagonosticta rara resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Firefinch Lagonosticta larvata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lavender Waxbill Estrilda caerulescens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Paradise-whydah Vidua interjecta resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-rumped Bunting Emberiza affinis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Benoue National Park 166,571 protected area contained by site 166,571  
Parc National de la Benoué UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 180,000 is identical to site 180,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Woodland - transition  -
Savanna Wooded grassland  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport -

Other biodiversity Mammals include Taurotragus derbianus (LR/nt), the second most important population in Cameroon, the main one being in Bouba Ndjida. There are small numbers of Loxodonta africana (EN). While Acinonyx jubatus (VU) and Damaliscus lunatus korrigum (VU) occur, the habitat is marginal for both.

References Dowsett-Lemaire and Dowsett (1999b), Monard (1951), Stark (1986).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Bénoué National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 03/09/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife