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Location Cameroon, Far North Province
Central coordinates 14o 42.00' East  11o 20.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Area 170,000 ha
Altitude 300 m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Cameroon Biodiversity Conservation Society (Affiliate)



Site description Waza National Park is located in the transition zone between the Sahel and Sudan savanna. The park, situated immediately east of the town of Waza, lies less than 10 km from the borders with both Nigeria and Chad. It is bounded to the east and north-east by the Logone flood-plain (CM002) and to the west by the Maroua–Kousséri road. The southern and extreme western parts are covered by sandy soils that support a wooded Sclerocarya birrea and Anogeissus leiocarpus savanna. Most of the park is, however, covered by heavy clay soils and is extremely flat. The north-eastern corner is annually flooded and is covered by perennial grass species such as Echinochloa pyramidalis, Oryza longistaminata and, less commonly, Hyparrhenia rufa and Vetiveria nigritana. A few raised areas, supporting Tamarindus indica and Balanites aegyptiaca trees, constitute the only variation in this open landscape. Large stretches of annual grasses and herbs, interspersed by Acacia seyal shrublands, cover the central and western parts of the park, most of which used to be seasonally inundated prior to the construction of the Maga dam, which lies to the south-east.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Garganey Anas querquedula winter  25,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus winter  1,800 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Fox Kestrel Falco alopex resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus winter  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Arabian Bustard Ardeotis arabs resident  2000  present  A3  Near Threatened 
Savile's Bustard Eupodotis savilei resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Crowned-crane Balearica pavonina winter  1,000 individuals  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
African Collared-dove Streptopelia roseogrisea resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Senegal Parrot Poicephalus senegalus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-throated Bee-eater Merops bulocki resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sahelian Woodpecker Dendropicos elachus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Piapiac Ptilostomus afer resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sennar Penduline-tit Anthoscopus punctifrons resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-pate Cisticola Cisticola ruficeps resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
River Prinia Prinia fluviatilis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Senegal Eremomela Eremomela pusilla resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-bellied Starling Lamprotornis pulcher resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Scrub-robin Cercotrichas podobe resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-weaver Plocepasser superciliosus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sudan Golden Sparrow Passer luteus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bush Petronia Petronia dentata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-rumped Waxbill Estrilda troglodytes resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  20,000-49,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Parc National de Waza UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 170,000 is identical to site 170,000  
Waza National Park 140,707 protected area contained by site 140,707  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   88%
Shrubland   7%
Grassland   4%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
water management -
other -
Notes: Harvesting natural products.

Other biodiversity Waza holds some of the last large-mammal concentrations in central West Africa. Of particular conservation interest are Gazella rufifrons (VU) and Damaliscus lunatus korrigum (VU), the former apparently increasing, and the latter the only sizeable population in Cameroon. In addition, the population of c.1,300 Loxodonta africana (EN) has a major impact on the structure of the Acacia seyal shrublands and is a regular source of conflict with farmers at distances of up to 100 km from the park.

References Scholte (1996, 2000), Scholte and Dowsett (2000), Scholte et al. (1996, 1999), Scholte, Kirda et al. (2000), Scholte, de Kort et al. (2000), Tchamba (1996), Thiollay (1978), van Wetten and Spierenburg (1998).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Waza National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 13/07/2014

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