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Location Cameroon, Far North Province
Central coordinates 14o 55.00' East  11o 30.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Area 500,000 ha
Altitude 295 m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Cameroon Biodiversity Conservation Society (Affiliate)

Site description The Logone flood-plain is situated between Lake Maga to the south (CM004), Waza National Park (CM003) to the west, the Logone river and the international frontier with Chad to the east and, to the north, Kalamaloué National Park (CM001). The area immediately north of Lake Maga is, as a result of the construction of Maga dam, no longer subject to seasonal flooding and is covered by sparse annual grassland. The central and northern parts of the plain are flooded from August to December and are covered with perennial grasses such as Echinochloa pyramidalis and Oryza longistaminata and, less commonly, Hyparrhenia rufa and Vetiveria nigritana. The area is crossed by a few watercourses, bordered by levées on which grow open woodlands. These are the only places in the flood-plain not subject to inundation and are inhabited by fishermen.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 3 for key species. Together with the contiguous Waza National Park (CM003), a total of 379 species have been recorded from the Logone flood-plain. Other species of global conservation concern include Aquila clanga (recorded in the 1970s), Falco naumanni (frequent in the 1970s, recently seen only in 1993 and 1997), Crex crex (observed only in 1994) and Gallinago media (which is uncommon). An estimated population of 100–200 Ardeotis arabs occurs. The area holds large waterbird concentrations, with total numbers exceeding 50,000 individuals during all annual counts in the period 1993–2000. These include, in addition to those listed below, up to 4,000 Phalacrocorax africanus and 10,000 Dendrocygna viduata. Seven species of the Sudan–Guinea Savanna biome (A04) have also been recorded at this site; see Table 3.

Non-bird biodiversity: The area was important for Gazella rufifrons (VU), but the construction of Maga dam and increased human disturbance have reduced numbers of all larger mammals outside the protection of Waza.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Spur-winged Goose Plectropterus gambensis winter  5,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis winter  20,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides winter  2,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Great White Egret Ardea alba winter  1,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Black Heron Egretta ardesiaca winter  2,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus winter  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Arabian Bustard Ardeotis arabs resident  2000  present  A3  Near Threatened 
Savile's Bustard Lophotis savilei resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black Crowned-crane Balearica pavonina winter  1,800 individuals  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
Ruff Calidris pugnax winter  40,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola winter  10,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
African Collared-dove Streptopelia roseogrisea resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sahelian Woodpecker Dendropicos elachus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-bellied Starling Lamprotornis pulcher resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Scrub-robin Cercotrichas podobe resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  50,000-99,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii   


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Artificial wetlands; Rivers & streams  -
Forest Woodland - mixed  -
Artificial - terrestrial   75%
Shrubland   12%
Grassland   12%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
water management -

References Scholte (1996), Scholte and Dowsett (2000), Scholte et al. (1996, 1999), Scholte, Kirda et al. (2000), Scholte, de Kort et al. (2000), Thiollay (1978), van Wetten and Spierenburg (1998).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Logone flood-plain. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

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