|Location||Cameroon, Far North Province|
|Central coordinates||14o 54.00' East 12o 8.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3, A4i|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description Kalamaloué National Park, situated in the north of the country, is bordered to the north by the Chari river, where it forms the border with Chad, to the east by the town of Kousséri and, in the south, by the Logone flood-plain (CM002). The park lies partly in the flood-plain of the Chari river and is crossed by several branches of the river and associated levées. In lower-lying parts a dense Mimosa pigra scrub dominates while, locally, Echinochloa stagnina forms productive grasslands. There are Tamarindus indica and Celtis africana woodlands on the levées while most of the higher areas are covered by open Balanites aegyptiaca woodland and annual grassland. The southern part of the park is dominated by Acacia nilotica woodland.
Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 3 for key species. Due to its varied habitat, Kalamaloué holds a large avifauna, but one which has not been surveyed systematically. Circus macrourus is a common winter visitor. It is likely that Kalamaloué also harbours a population of Prinia fluviatilis since the species is known from immediately adjacent parts of Chad in identical habitat. Five species of the Sudan–Guinea Savanna biome (A04) have also been recorded; see Table 3. There are counts of between 300–400 Balearica pavonina.
Non-bird biodiversity: An internationally important population of Gazella rufifrons (VU) occurs, and may even be increasing. The park used to hold good numbers of Damaliscus lunatus korrigum (VU), but they have been much reduced by poaching and drought. Kalamaloué is also an important refuge for Loxodonta africana (EN), with a population of 300 individuals, which move from Waza (CM003) during the dry season.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|African Openbill Anastomus lamelligerus||winter||-||2,000 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax||winter||-||4,000 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus||winter||-||common||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Arabian Bustard Ardeotis arabs||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Near Threatened|
|African Collared-dove Streptopelia roseogrisea||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|River Prinia Prinia fluviatilis||resident||2000||unknown||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Chestnut-bellied Starling Lamprotornis pulcher||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Black Scrub-robin Cercotrichas podobe||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Sudan Golden Sparrow Passer luteus||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Kalamaloue||National Park||6,696||protected area contains site||4,500|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Grassland||Grassland - Semi-desert||-|
|Wetlands (inland)||Rivers & streams||-|
|Forest||Woodland - mixed||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Firewood collection.|
References Chappuis et al. (1992), Kavanagh (1974), Scholte (1996), Scholte and Dowsett (2000), Scholte et al. (1999), Tchamba (1996), Tchamba et al. (1994).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kalamaloué National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/03/2015
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