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Location Cameroon, Far North Province
Central coordinates 14o 54.00' East  12o 8.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i
Area 4,500 ha
Altitude 285 m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Cameroon Biodiversity Conservation Society (Affiliate)

Site description Kalamaloué National Park, situated in the north of the country, is bordered to the north by the Chari river, where it forms the border with Chad, to the east by the town of Kousséri and, in the south, by the Logone flood-plain (CM002). The park lies partly in the flood-plain of the Chari river and is crossed by several branches of the river and associated levées. In lower-lying parts a dense Mimosa pigra scrub dominates while, locally, Echinochloa stagnina forms productive grasslands. There are Tamarindus indica and Celtis africana woodlands on the levées while most of the higher areas are covered by open Balanites aegyptiaca woodland and annual grassland. The southern part of the park is dominated by Acacia nilotica woodland.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 3 for key species. Due to its varied habitat, Kalamaloué holds a large avifauna, but one which has not been surveyed systematically. Circus macrourus is a common winter visitor. It is likely that Kalamaloué also harbours a population of Prinia fluviatilis since the species is known from immediately adjacent parts of Chad in identical habitat. Five species of the Sudan–Guinea Savanna biome (A04) have also been recorded; see Table 3. There are counts of between 300–400 Balearica pavonina.

Non-bird biodiversity: An internationally important population of Gazella rufifrons (VU) occurs, and may even be increasing. The park used to hold good numbers of Damaliscus lunatus korrigum (VU), but they have been much reduced by poaching and drought. Kalamaloué is also an important refuge for Loxodonta africana (EN), with a population of 300 individuals, which move from Waza (CM003) during the dry season.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
African Openbill Anastomus lamelligerus winter  2,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax winter  4,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus winter  common  A1  Near Threatened 
Arabian Bustard Ardeotis arabs resident  2000  present  A3  Near Threatened 
African Collared-dove Streptopelia roseogrisea resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
River Prinia Prinia fluviatilis resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-bellied Starling Lamprotornis pulcher resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Scrub-robin Cercotrichas podobe resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sudan Golden Sparrow Passer luteus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kalamaloue National Park 6,696 protected area contains site 4,500  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Grassland - Semi-desert  -
Wetlands (inland) Rivers & streams  -
Forest Woodland - mixed  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
other -
Notes: Firewood collection.

References Chappuis et al. (1992), Kavanagh (1974), Scholte (1996), Scholte and Dowsett (2000), Scholte et al. (1999), Tchamba (1996), Tchamba et al. (1994).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Kalamaloué National Park. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

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