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Location Côte d'Ivoire, Man,Sassandra
Central coordinates 7o 6.00' West  5o 45.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 518,000 ha
Altitude 80 - 396m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

SOS-FORETS (Affiliate)



Site description Located in the south-west corner of the country, between the Cavally and Sassandra rivers, Taï National Park (330,000 ha) is the largest and best-preserved remnant of Upper Guinea rainforest. Contiguous with its northern border is the Nzo Faunal Reserve (93,000 ha), which forms part of the buffer zone that surrounds the park, and which itself extends north to the southern edge of the artificial lake formed behind Buyo dam on the Sassandra river. Also included is the remainder of the park’s buffer zone, which is also a Faunal Reserve and which occupies a further 96,000 ha. The terrain is gently undulating in the north, more deeply dissected by watercourses in the south, of which the largest are the Nzé, Hana and Meno rivers, about 1.5 m deep, 5 m wide in the dry season, seasonally flooding to a width of 60 m or more. The most prominent of a large number of granitic inselbergs is Mont Niénokoué in the south-west, which reaches 396 m. These inselbergs often support an open savanna-like vegetation with grasses and deciduous trees. Otherwise, almost the entire area is covered by forest, moist evergreen in the south-west in which Diospyros spp. and Mapania spp. are typical, and moist semi-evergreen in the north and south-east; typical elements include Diospyros mannii, Parinari chrysophylla, Chrysophyllum prepulchrum and Chidlowia sanguinea. Much of the forest in the park is unlogged, mature, old-growth with emergents rising to 60 m. There is some swamp-forest in the north-west of the park and in Nzo. Average annual rainfall varies between 1,700 mm in the north to 2,200 mm in the south.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Gymnobucco calvus resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Trachyphonus purpuratus resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Bristle-nosed Barbet Gymnobucco peli resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Speckled Tinkerbird Pogoniulus scolopaceus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-rumped Tinkerbird Pogoniulus atroflavus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Tinkerbird Pogoniulus subsulphureus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Barbet Buccanodon duchaillui resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hairy-breasted Barbet Tricholaema hirsuta resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted Guineafowl Agelastes meleagrides resident  1999  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Forest Francolin Peliperdix lathami resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ahanta Francolin Pternistis ahantensis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hartlaub's Duck Pteronetta hartlaubii resident  1999  present  A1, A3  Least Concern 
Spot-breasted Ibis Bostrychia rara resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-crested Tiger-heron Tigriornis leucolopha resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Congo Serpent-eagle Dryotriorchis spectabilis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-legged Sparrowhawk Accipiter erythropus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Hawk Urotriorchis macrourus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Hawk-eagle Aquila africana resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura pulchra resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Nkulengu Rail Himantornis haematopus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-throated Rail Canirallus oculeus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Afep Pigeon Columba unicincta resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Bronze-naped Pigeon Columba iriditorques resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Wood-dove Turtur brehmeri resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-collared Lovebird Agapornis swindernianus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Psittacus erithacus resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Green Turaco Tauraco persa resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Turaco Tauraco macrorhynchus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx mechowi resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Olive Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx olivinus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Cuckoo Chrysococcyx flavigularis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Coucal Centropus leucogaster resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bubo poensis resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Shelley's Eagle-owl Bubo shelleyi resident  1999  present  A3  Near Threatened 
Akun Eagle-owl Bubo leucostictus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Fishing-owl Scotopelia ussheri resident  1999  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Maned Owl Jubula lettii resident  1999  present  A3  Data Deficient 
Red-chested Owlet Glaucidium tephronotum resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Nightjar Veles binotatus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Spinetail Telacanthura melanopygia resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sabine's Spinetail Rhaphidura sabini resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Spinetail Neafrapus cassini resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Roller Eurystomus gularis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chocolate-backed Kingfisher Halcyon badia resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Dwarf-kingfisher Ispidina lecontei resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Kingfisher Corythornis leucogaster resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Bee-eater Merops gularis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Merops muelleri resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Forest Scimitarbill Rhinopomastus castaneiceps resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bycanistes fistulator resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tropicranus albocristatus resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tockus fasciatus resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tockus hartlaubi resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Dwarf Hornbill Lophoceros camurus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-cheeked Hornbill Bycanistes cylindricus resident  1999  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Black-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna atrata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna elata resident  1999  present  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Cassin's Honeybird Prodotiscus insignis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Honeyguide Indicator maculatus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Willcocks's Honeyguide Indicator willcocksi resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lyre-tailed Honeyguide Melichneutes robustus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dendropicos gabonensis resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Little Green Woodpecker Campethera maculosa resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-spotted Woodpecker Campethera nivosa resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-eared Woodpecker Campethera caroli resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fire-bellied Woodpecker Dendropicos pyrrhogaster resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-sided Broadbill Smithornis rufolateralis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Shrike-flycatcher Megabyas flammulatus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
West African Batis Batis occulta resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut Wattle-eye Platysteira castanea resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-bellied Helmet-shrike Prionops caniceps resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lagden's Bush-shrike Malaconotus lagdeni resident  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Large-billed Puffback Dryoscopus sabini resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue Cuckooshrike Coracina azurea resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Wattled Cuckooshrike Campephaga lobata resident  1999  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Western Black-headed Oriole Oriolus brachyrhynchus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-winged Oriole Oriolus nigripennis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Shining Drongo Dicrurus atripennis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufiventer resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Crested-flycatcher Trochocercus nitens resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Crested-flycatcher Elminia nigromitrata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-capped Flycatcher Erythrocercus mccallii resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-necked Picathartes Picathartes gymnocephalus resident  1999  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Dusky Tit Parus funereus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tit-hylia Pholidornis rushiae resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Square-tailed Saw-wing Psalidoprocne nitens resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Blue Swallow Hirundo nigrita resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-capped Apalis Apalis nigriceps resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sharpe's Apalis Apalis sharpii resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-browed Camaroptera Camaroptera superciliaris resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Olive-green Camaroptera Camaroptera chloronota resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Greenbul Andropadus gracilis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ansorge's Greenbul Andropadus ansorgei resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Greenbul Andropadus curvirostris resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden Greenbul Calyptocichla serina resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Honeyguide Greenbul Baeopogon indicator resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Greenbul Ixonotus guttatus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Simple Greenbul Chlorocichla simplex resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Swamp Greenbul Thescelocichla leucopleura resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Greenbul Phyllastrephus albigularis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Icterine Greenbul Phyllastrephus icterinus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Common Bristlebill Bleda syndactylus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green-tailed Bristlebill Bleda eximius resident  1999  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Grey-headed Bristlebill Bleda canicapillus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bearded Bulbul Criniger barbatus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-tailed Bulbul Criniger calurus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-bearded Greenbul Criniger olivaceus resident  1999  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Yellow-spotted Nicator Nicator chloris resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Rufous Warbler Bathmocercus cerviniventris resident  1999  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Kemp's Longbill Macrosphenus kempi resident  1999  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Longbill Macrosphenus concolor resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Violet-backed Hyliota Hyliota violacea resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Hylia Hylia prasina resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-crowned Eremomela Eremomela badiceps resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Crombec Sylvietta virens resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lemon-bellied Crombec Sylvietta denti resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blackcap Illadopsis Illadopsis cleaveri resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-winged Illadopsis Illadopsis rufescens resident  1999  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Brown Illadopsis Illadopsis fulvescens resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Copper-tailed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis cupreocauda resident  1999  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Chestnut-winged Starling Onychognathus fulgidus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Narrow-tailed Starling Poeoptera lugubris resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Ant-thrush Neocossyphus poensis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Flycatcher-thrush Stizorhina fraseri resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Ground-thrush Zoothera princei resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Alethe diademata resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Forest Robin Stiphrornis erythrothorax resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lowland Akalat Sheppardia cyornithopsis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Forest Scrub-robin Erythropygia leucosticta resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Forest Flycatcher Fraseria ocreata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Forest Flycatcher Fraseria cinerascens resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Nimba Flycatcher Melaenornis annamarulae resident  1999  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Ussher's Flycatcher Muscicapa ussheri resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Olivaceous Flycatcher Muscicapa olivascens resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Little Grey Flycatcher Muscicapa epulata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky-blue Flycatcher Muscicapa comitata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Grey Flycatcher Muscicapa cassini resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-throated Tit-flycatcher Myioparus griseigularis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scarlet-tufted Sunbird Anthreptes fraseri resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mouse-brown Sunbird Anthreptes gabonicus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Sunbird Anthreptes rectirostris resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Little Green Sunbird Nectarinia seimundi resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Brown Sunbird Nectarinia cyanolaema resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-throated Sunbird Nectarinia adelberti resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tiny Sunbird Nectarinia minulla resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Johanna's Sunbird Nectarinia johannae resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Superb Sunbird Nectarinia superba resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Vieillot's Black Weaver Ploceus nigerrimus resident  1999  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-mantled Weaver Ploceus tricolor resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Maxwell's Black Weaver Ploceus albinucha resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Preuss's Weaver Ploceus preussi resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-vented Malimbe Malimbus scutatus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Gray's Malimbe Malimbus nitens resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Crested Malimbe Malimbus malimbicus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-headed Malimbe Malimbus rubricollis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-fronted Antpecker Parmoptila rubrifrons resident  1999  present  A3  Near Threatened 
White-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita fusconotus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita bicolor resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pale-fronted Negrofinch Nigrita luteifrons resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Bluebill Spermophaga haematina resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
N'Zo Partial Faunal Reserve 95,000 protected area contained by site 95,000  
Parc national de Taï UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 620,000 protected area contained by site 330,000  
Tai National Park 350,000 protected area contained by site 350,000  
Taï National Park World Heritage Site 330,000 protected area contained by site 330,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   1%
Unknown   3%
Wetlands (inland)   1%
Forest   93%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
hunting -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

Other biodiversity The flora of Taï is estimated at around 1,300 species, of which 80–150 are thought to be endemic to the Upper Guinea region. The mammal fauna is rich and includes a number of threatened species such as Pan trogolodytes verus (EN), Procolobus verus (EN), Piliocolobus badius (VU), Colobus polykomos (VU), Cercopithecus d. diana (VU), Liberiictus kuhni (EN), Anomalurus peli (EN), Loxodonta africana cyclotis (EN), Hexaprotodon l. liberiensis (VU), Hylochoerus meinertzhageni ivoriensis (EN), Hyemoschus aquaticus (LR/nt), Syncerus caffer (LR/cd), Tragelaphus euryceros (LR/nt), Cephalophus maxwellii (LR/nt), C. zebra (VU), C. niger (LR/nt), C. sylvicultor (LR/nt), C. ogilbyi (LR/nt), C. dorsalis (LR/nt), C. jentinki (EN), Neotragus pygmaeus (LR/nt). Two crocodiles of conservation concern occur, Crocodylus cataphractus (DD) and Osteolaemus tetraspis (VU), as does the tortoise Kinixys homeana (DD). In all, nearly 1,000 species of vertebrate are known from the park, and there are numerous invertebrate species known only from Taï.

Further web sources of information 

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) species/site profile. This site has been identified as an AZE due to it containing a Critically Endangered or Endangered species with a limited range.

References Chatelain et al. (1996), Francis et al. (1992), Gartshore (1989), Gartshore et al. (1995), Guillaumet et al. (1984), Lauginie et al. (1996), MAB (1986), Riezebos et al. (1994), WCMC (1991).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Tai National Park and Nzo Faunal Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife