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Location Côte d'Ivoire, Bondoukou,Bouaké,Korhogo
Central coordinates 3o 42.00' West  9o 11.00' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 1,149,150 ha
Altitude 119 - 658m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

SOS-FORETS (Affiliate)



Site description Situated in north-eastern Côte d’Ivoire, near the borders with Ghana and Burkina Faso, Comoé National Park is the largest national park in West Africa. Much of the park is drained by the Comoé river which flows south through the park for some 230 km. Savanna woodlands cover 70% of the park, with tree cover varying between 2% and 70%. Dominant tree species vary, often with soil type, and include Isoberlinia doka, Crossopteryx febrifuga, Daniellia oliveri, Burkea africana and Terminalia avicennioides. Between the trees there is a herb layer up to 2 m high in which grasses such as Brachiaria jubata, Andropogon africanus and Hyparrhenia rufa are common. The woodlands are burnt by bush fires, most anthropogenic, every dry season (November–March). Riparian forests fringe the Comoé river and its larger tributaries to a distance varying from a few to several hundred metres; larger tree species include Cynometra megalophylla, Cola cordifolia and Manilkara multinervis. In addition, isolated forest patches of varying size, non-riparian in origin, occur throughout the woodland. Some of these are wetter types, similar in composition to the riparian forests; others are drier, possibly representing a closed form of savanna woodland. Other habitat-types include alluvial plains and flat ironstone outcrops, both of which are covered with sparse seasonal marsh vegetation. Average annual rainfall is 1,100–1,300 mm.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Bearded Barbet Pogonornis dubius resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fox Kestrel Falco alopex resident  1999  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Senegal Parrot Poicephalus senegalus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Violet Turaco Musophaga violacea resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-bellied Roller Coracias cyanogaster resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-throated Bee-eater Merops bulocki resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Shrike Corvinella corvina resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Emin's Shrike Lanius gubernator resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Piapiac Ptilostomus afer resident  1999  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow Penduline-tit Anthoscopus parvulus resident  1999  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Pied-winged Swallow Hirundo leucosoma resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sun Lark Galerida modesta resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-pate Cisticola Cisticola ruficeps resident  1999  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Oriole Warbler Hypergerus atriceps resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Senegal Eremomela Eremomela pusilla resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blackcap Babbler Turdoides reinwardii resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureus resident  1999  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Bronze-tailed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis chalcurus resident  1999  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-crowned Robin-chat Cossypha albicapilla resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-fronted Black-chat Myrmecocichla albifrons resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Gambaga Flycatcher Muscicapa gambagae breeding  1999  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Splendid Sunbird Nectarinia coccinigaster resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-weaver Plocepasser superciliosus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bush Petronia Petronia dentata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Heuglin's Masked-weaver Ploceus heuglini resident  1999  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-cheeked Oliveback Nesocharis capistrata resident  1999  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Red-winged Pytilia Pytilia phoenicoptera resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-faced Pytilia Pytilia hypogrammica resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-breasted Firefinch Lagonosticta rufopicta resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Firefinch Lagonosticta rara resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Firefinch Lagonosticta larvata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lavender Waxbill Estrilda caerulescens resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-rumped Waxbill Estrilda troglodytes resident  1999  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Togo Paradise-whydah Vidua togoensis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-rumped Bunting Emberiza affinis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Comoé National Park 1,150,000 protected area contains site 1,149,150  
Comoé National Park UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 1,150,000 protected area contains site 1,149,150  
Comoé National Park World Heritage Site 1,149,250 protected area contains site 1,149,150  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   9%
Forest   89%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

Other biodiversity Of the 54 species of larger mammal that occur, the following are of conservation concern: Pan troglodytes verus (EN), Colobus vellerosus (VU), Cercocebus atys lunulatus (EN), Cercopithecus diana rolowayi (EN), Lycaon pictus (EN), Mungos gambianus (DD), Panthera leo (VU), Loxodonta africana africana (EN), Hylochoerus meinertzhageneri ivoriensis (VU), Syncerus caffer (LR/cd), Cephalophus maxwellii (LR/nt), C. rufilatus (LR/cd), C. niger (LR/nt), C. sylvicultor (LR/nt), C. dorsalis (LR/nt), Ourebia ourebi (LR/cd), Redunca redunca (LR/cd), Kobus kob kob (LR/cd), Kobus ellipsiprymnus defassa (LR/cd), Alcelaphus buselaphus major (LR/cd) and Hippotragus equinus (LR/cd).

References Fischer and Gross (1998), FGU-Kronberg (1979), Lauginie et al. (1996), Lauginie and Sournia (1977), Mühlenberg et al. (1990), Poilecot et al. (1991), Porembski (1991), Salewski (1999, 2000).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Comoe National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/08/2014

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