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Location Central African Republic, Sangha
Central coordinates 16o 10.00' East  2o 30.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 457,900 ha
Altitude 340 - 615m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description This National Park, in the extreme south-west of the country, is in two separate parts, a northern Dzanga sector (49,500 ha) and a southern Ndoki sector (72,500 ha). The two are joined by the Dzanga–Sangha Rainforest Reserve (335,900 ha); although controlled hunting (both traditional and safari) and other exploitation is allowed in this buffer zone, it is appropriate to include it here. The Dzanga sector was logged in the 1980s, whereas the southern Ndoki sector is primary forest. The IBA is also contiguous with the protected areas of Lobéké of Cameroon (CM033) and Nouabalé–Ndoki in Congo (CG001). The whole area is on alluvial sands. The forest is of three main types; mainly dryland, semi-evergreen forest, with swamp-forest along the main rivers and, locally, a closed-canopy monodominant Gilbertiodendron dewevrei forest. The dryland forest has an open, mixed canopy (dominated by species of Sterculiaceae and Ulmaceae), with very often a dense understorey of Marantaceae and Zingiberaceae. On alluvial land along the Sangha river there are locally pure stands of Guibourtia demeusii. There are many forest clearings along streams, forming marshy depressions known as ‘bai’.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Trachyphonus purpuratus resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Speckled Tinkerbird Pogoniulus scolopaceus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-rumped Tinkerbird Pogoniulus atroflavus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Tinkerbird Pogoniulus subsulphureus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Barbet Buccanodon duchaillui resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hairy-breasted Barbet Tricholaema hirsuta resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Guineafowl Agelastes niger resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Plumed Guineafowl Guttera plumifera resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Forest Francolin Peliperdix lathami resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hartlaub's Duck Pteronetta hartlaubii resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spot-breasted Ibis Bostrychia rara resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-crested Tiger-heron Tigriornis leucolopha resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Congo Serpent-eagle Dryotriorchis spectabilis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-flanked Sparrowhawk Accipiter castanilius resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-legged Sparrowhawk Accipiter erythropus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Hawk Urotriorchis macrourus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura pulchra resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Nkulengu Rail Himantornis haematopus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Afep Pigeon Columba unicincta resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Bronze-naped Pigeon Columba iriditorques resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Wood-dove Turtur brehmeri resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-collared Lovebird Agapornis swindernianus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Psittacus erithacus resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Green Turaco Tauraco persa resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx mechowi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Olive Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx olivinus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Cuckoo Chrysococcyx flavigularis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Gabon Coucal Centropus anselli resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bubo poensis resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Sandy Scops-owl Otus icterorhynchus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Vermiculated Fishing-owl Scotopelia bouvieri resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Nightjar Veles binotatus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Spinetail Telacanthura melanopygia resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sabine's Spinetail Rhaphidura sabini resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Spinetail Neafrapus cassini resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bare-cheeked Trogon Apaloderma aequatoriale resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Roller Eurystomus gularis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chocolate-backed Kingfisher Halcyon badia resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Dwarf-kingfisher Ispidina lecontei resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Kingfisher Corythornis leucogaster resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Bee-eater Merops gularis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Merops muelleri resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Black-headed Bee-eater Merops breweri resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Forest Scimitarbill Rhinopomastus castaneiceps resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bycanistes fistulator resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tropicranus albocristatus resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tockus fasciatus resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tockus hartlaubi resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Dwarf Hornbill Lophoceros camurus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-cheeked Hornbill Bycanistes subcylindricus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-thighed Hornbill Bycanistes albotibialis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna atrata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Willcocks's Honeyguide Indicator willcocksi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lyre-tailed Honeyguide Melichneutes robustus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dendropicos gabonensis resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
African Piculet Verreauxia africana resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-spotted Woodpecker Campethera nivosa resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-eared Woodpecker Campethera caroli resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-crested Woodpecker Dendropicos xantholophus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-headed Broadbill Smithornis sharpei resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-sided Broadbill Smithornis rufolateralis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Shrike-flycatcher Megabyas flammulatus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Gabon Batis Batis minima resident  1998  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
West African Batis Batis occulta resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut Wattle-eye Platysteira castanea resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-spotted Wattle-eye Platysteira tonsa resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-bellied Helmet-shrike Prionops caniceps resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-green Bush-shrike Telophorus bocagei resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-eyed Puffback Dryoscopus senegalensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Large-billed Puffback Dryoscopus sabini resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sooty Boubou Laniarius leucorhynchus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue Cuckooshrike Coracina azurea resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Black-headed Oriole Oriolus brachyrhynchus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-winged Oriole Oriolus nigripennis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Shining Drongo Dicrurus atripennis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufiventer resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Crested-flycatcher Trochocercus nitens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Crested-flycatcher Elminia nigromitrata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-capped Flycatcher Erythrocercus mccallii resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Tit Parus funereus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Forest Penduline-tit Anthoscopus flavifrons resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tit-hylia Pholidornis rushiae resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Square-tailed Saw-wing Psalidoprocne nitens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Blue Swallow Hirundo nigrita resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chattering Cisticola Cisticola anonymus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Apalis rufogularis resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Gosling's Apalis Apalis goslingi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-browed Camaroptera Camaroptera superciliaris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Olive-green Camaroptera Camaroptera chloronota resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Greenbul Andropadus gracilis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ansorge's Greenbul Andropadus ansorgei resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Greenbul Andropadus curvirostris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden Greenbul Calyptocichla serina resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Honeyguide Greenbul Baeopogon indicator resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Greenbul Baeopogon clamans resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Greenbul Ixonotus guttatus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Simple Greenbul Chlorocichla simplex resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-necked Greenbul Chlorocichla falkensteini resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Swamp Greenbul Thescelocichla leucopleura resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Leaf-love Pyrrhurus scandens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Greenbul Phyllastrephus albigularis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Icterine Greenbul Phyllastrephus icterinus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Xavier's Greenbul Phyllastrephus xavieri resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Common Bristlebill Bleda syndactylus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lesser Bristlebill Bleda notatus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green-backed Bulbul Criniger chloronotus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-tailed Bulbul Criniger calurus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bearded Bulbul Criniger ndussumensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Nicator Nicator chloris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Nicator Nicator vireo resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dja River Warbler Bradypterus grandis resident  1998  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Yellow Longbill Macrosphenus flavicans resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Longbill Macrosphenus concolor resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Hylia Hylia prasina resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-crowned Eremomela Eremomela badiceps resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Crombec Sylvietta virens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lemon-bellied Crombec Sylvietta denti resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blackcap Illadopsis Illadopsis cleaveri resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Illadopsis Illadopsis fulvescens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple-headed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureiceps resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-winged Starling Onychognathus fulgidus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Flycatcher-thrush Stizorhina fraseri resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Alethe diademata resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Forest Robin Stiphrornis erythrothorax resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lowland Akalat Sheppardia cyornithopsis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-shouldered Robin-chat Cossypha cyanocampter resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Forest Flycatcher Fraseria ocreata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Forest Flycatcher Fraseria cinerascens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sooty Flycatcher Muscicapa infuscata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Olivaceous Flycatcher Muscicapa olivascens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Little Grey Flycatcher Muscicapa epulata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-footed Flycatcher Muscicapa sethsmithi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky-blue Flycatcher Muscicapa comitata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Grey Flycatcher Muscicapa cassini resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-throated Tit-flycatcher Myioparus griseigularis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scarlet-tufted Sunbird Anthreptes fraseri resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Violet-tailed Sunbird Anthreptes aurantium resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Sunbird Anthreptes rectirostris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Reichenbach's Sunbird Nectarinia reichenbachii resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Brown Sunbird Nectarinia cyanolaema resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green-throated Sunbird Nectarinia rubescens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Johanna's Sunbird Nectarinia johannae resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Superb Sunbird Nectarinia superba resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Orange Weaver Ploceus aurantius resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Vieillot's Black Weaver Ploceus nigerrimus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Maxwell's Black Weaver Ploceus albinucha resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Preuss's Weaver Ploceus preussi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Malimbe Malimbus cassini resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-bellied Malimbe Malimbus erythrogaster resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Gray's Malimbe Malimbus nitens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Crested Malimbe Malimbus malimbicus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-headed Malimbe Malimbus rubricollis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Woodhouse's Antpecker Parmoptila woodhousei resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita fusconotus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita bicolor resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pale-fronted Negrofinch Nigrita luteifrons resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Bluebill Spermophaga haematina resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Dzanga-Ndoki National Park 114,326 protected area contained by site 114,326  
Dzanga-Sangha Special Reserve 686,554 protected area contains site 457,900  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   1%
Forest   97%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -

Other biodiversity The National Park is of considerable importance for a number of forest mammals, in particular Pan trogolodytes (EN), Gorilla gorilla (EN), Loxodonta africana (EN) and Tragelaphus eurycerus (LR/nt)

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Dzanga-Ndoki National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/09/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife