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Location Central African Republic, Lobaye
Central coordinates 17o 20.00' East  3o 55.00' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 268,300 ha
Altitude 450 - 700m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description Ngotto, in the south of the country, west of the town of Mbaïki, is part of the Lobaye forest, on sandstone. The site is part of the area currently being managed by the European Union-funded Ecofac project; the IBA comprises the conservation area (the ‘Basse-Lobaye Reserve’ of 14,600 ha), which it is hoped to expand to 73,300 ha, and a zone of forestry management (195,000 ha). Excluded is the forestry exploitation zone (556,700 ha). The conservation area lies between the Mbaéré and Bodingué rivers (south-west of Bambio), and comprises two major habitat-types, both reportedly pristine in places; semi-deciduous forest and savanna. Along watercourses the forest becomes riparian or even seasonally flooded. Important trees for birds include Staudtia gabonensis, Pycnanthus angolensis, Celtis spp., Musanga cecropioides, Dacryodes edulis, Uapaca heudelotii, Strombosia spp. and Blighia welwitschii. The wooded savannas are dominated by small trees such as Annona senegalensis, Terminalia glaucescens, Hymenocardia acida, Bridelia ndellensis and Maprounea africana. The savannas are clearly separated from the adjacent forest and it is thought that regular bush fires may preclude regeneration of forest-edge trees. Nearer the Lobaye river the grassland is less well-wooded and is seasonally inundated in places.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Plumed Guineafowl Guttera plumifera resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Forest Francolin Francolinus lathami resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Heuglin's Francolin Francolinus icterorhynchus resident  1998    Least Concern 
Hartlaub's Duck Pteronetta hartlaubii resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Spot-breasted Ibis Bostrychia rara resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Hawk Urotriorchis macrourus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Hawk-eagle Aquila africanus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura pulchra resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Nkulengu Rail Himantornis haematopus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Afep Pigeon Columba unicincta resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Western Bronze-naped Pigeon Columba iriditorques resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Wood-dove Turtur brehmeri resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-collared Lovebird Agapornis swindernianus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Psittacus erithacus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Not Recognised 
Guinea Turaco Tauraco persa resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx mechowi resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Olive Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx olivinus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Cuckoo Chrysococcyx flavigularis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Gabon Coucal Centropus anselli resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Fraser's Eagle-owl Bubo poensis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Akun Eagle-owl Bubo leucostictus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Vermiculated Fishing-owl Scotopelia bouvieri resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-chested Owlet Glaucidium tephronotum resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Sjostedt's Owlet Glaucidium sjostedti resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-shouldered Nightjar Caprimulgus nigriscapularis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Bates's Nightjar Caprimulgus batesi resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black Spinetail Telacanthura melanopygia resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Sabine's Spinetail Rhaphidura sabini resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Spinetail Neafrapus cassini resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Bare-cheeked Trogon Apaloderma aequatoriale resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Roller Eurystomus gularis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Chocolate-backed Kingfisher Halcyon badia resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
African Dwarf-kingfisher Ceyx lecontei resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Kingfisher Alcedo leucogaster resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black Bee-eater Merops gularis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Merops muelleri resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Not Recognised 
Black-headed Bee-eater Merops breweri resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Forest Woodhoopoe Phoeniculus castaneiceps resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-billed Dwarf Hornbill Tockus camurus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
African Pied Hornbill Tockus fasciatus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-crested Hornbill Tropicranus albocristatus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Piping Hornbill Bycanistes fistulator resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-thighed Hornbill Bycanistes albotibialis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna atrata resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Speckled Tinkerbird Pogoniulus scolopaceus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-rumped Tinkerbird Pogoniulus atroflavus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Tinkerbird Pogoniulus subsulphureus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Barbet Buccanodon duchaillui resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Hairy-breasted Barbet Tricholaema hirsuta resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Barbet Trachyphonus purpuratus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Honeyguide Indicator maculatus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Willcocks's Honeyguide Indicator willcocksi resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Lyre-tailed Honeyguide Melichneutes robustus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-eared Woodpecker Campethera caroli resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Gabon Woodpecker Dendropicos gabonensis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Golden-crowned Woodpecker Thripias xantholophus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-sided Broadbill Smithornis rufolateralis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
African Shrike-flycatcher Megabyas flammulatus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
West African Batis Batis occulta resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut Wattle-eye Platysteira castanea resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-spotted Wattle-eye Platysteira tonsa resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-bellied Helmet-shrike Prionops caniceps resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-green Bush-shrike Telophorus bocagei resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-eyed Puffback Dryoscopus senegalensis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Large-billed Puffback Dryoscopus sabini resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Sooty Boubou Laniarius leucorhynchus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Blue Cuckooshrike Coracina azurea resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Wattled Cuckooshrike Campephaga oriolina resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Data Deficient 
Western Black-headed Oriole Oriolus brachyrhynchus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-winged Oriole Oriolus nigripennis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Shining Drongo Dicrurus atripennis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufiventer resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Crested-flycatcher Trochocercus nitens resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-vented Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufocinerea resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Crested-flycatcher Elminia nigromitrata resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-capped Flycatcher Erythrocercus mccallii resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Tit Parus funereus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Tit-hylia Pholidornis rushiae resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
African River-martin Pseudochelidon eurystomina unknown  1998  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Data Deficient 
Square-tailed Saw-wing Psalidoprocne nitens resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Blue Swallow Hirundo nigrita resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Chattering Cisticola Cisticola anonymus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-capped Apalis Apalis nigriceps resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Apalis rufogularis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Not Recognised 
Gosling's Apalis Apalis goslingi resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-browed Camaroptera Camaroptera superciliaris resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Olive-green Camaroptera Camaroptera chloronota resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Greenbul Andropadus gracilis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Ansorge's Greenbul Andropadus ansorgei resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Greenbul Andropadus curvirostris resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Golden Greenbul Calyptocichla serina resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Honeyguide Greenbul Baeopogon indicator resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Greenbul Baeopogon clamans resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Greenbul Ixonotus guttatus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Simple Greenbul Chlorocichla simplex resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-necked Greenbul Chlorocichla falkensteini resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Swamp Greenbul Thescelocichla leucopleura resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Leaf-love Pyrrhurus scandens resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Icterine Greenbul Phyllastrephus icterinus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Xavier's Greenbul Phyllastrephus xavieri resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Common Bristlebill Bleda syndactylus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Lesser Bristlebill Bleda notatus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Green-backed Bulbul Criniger chloronotus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-tailed Bulbul Criniger calurus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-bearded Bulbul Criniger ndussumensis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Nicator Nicator chloris resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Nicator Nicator vireo resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow Longbill Macrosphenus flavicans resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Longbill Macrosphenus concolor resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Violet-backed Hyliota Hyliota violacea resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Green Hylia Hylia prasina resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Senegal Eremomela Eremomela pusilla resident  1998    Least Concern 
Rufous-crowned Eremomela Eremomela badiceps resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Green Crombec Sylvietta virens resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Lemon-bellied Crombec Sylvietta denti resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Blackcap Illadopsis Illadopsis cleaveri resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Illadopsis Illadopsis fulvescens resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Purple-headed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureiceps resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-winged Starling Onychognathus fulgidus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Flycatcher-thrush Stizorhina fraseri resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Alethe diademata resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Not Recognised 
Forest Robin Stiphrornis erythrothorax resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Lowland Akalat Sheppardia cyornithopsis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-fronted Black-chat Myrmecocichla albifrons resident  1998    Least Concern 
African Forest Flycatcher Fraseria ocreata resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Forest Flycatcher Fraseria cinerascens resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Sooty Flycatcher Muscicapa infuscata resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Little Grey Flycatcher Muscicapa epulata resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Grey Flycatcher Muscicapa cassini resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-throated Tit-flycatcher Myioparus griseigularis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Scarlet-tufted Sunbird Anthreptes fraseri resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Green Sunbird Anthreptes rectirostris resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Little Green Sunbird Nectarinia seimundi resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Bates's Sunbird Nectarinia batesi resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Reichenbach's Sunbird Nectarinia reichenbachii resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Brown Sunbird Nectarinia cyanolaema resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Green-throated Sunbird Nectarinia rubescens resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Tiny Sunbird Nectarinia minulla resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Splendid Sunbird Nectarinia coccinigaster resident  1998    Least Concern 
Johanna's Sunbird Nectarinia johannae resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Superb Sunbird Nectarinia superba resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Vieillot's Black Weaver Ploceus nigerrimus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Maxwell's Black Weaver Ploceus albinucha resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-capped Weaver Ploceus dorsomaculatus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-crowned Malimbe Malimbus coronatus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Malimbe Malimbus cassini resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Gray's Malimbe Malimbus nitens resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Crested Malimbe Malimbus malimbicus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-headed Malimbe Malimbus rubricollis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita fusconotus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita bicolor resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Pale-fronted Negrofinch Nigrita luteifrons resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Western Bluebill Spermophaga haematina resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Dybowski's Twinspot Euschistospiza dybowskii resident  1998    Least Concern 
Brown-rumped Bunting Emberiza affinis resident  1998    Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Basse-Lobaye Forest UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 18,200 protected area contained by site 18,200  
Ngotto Classified Forest 73,000 protected area contained by site 73,000  
Ngotto extension Classified Forest 137,032 protected area contained by site 137,032  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   98%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
water management -

Other biodiversity Large mammals are very scarce in the area now, doubtless as a result of the considerable subsistence hunting pressure.

References Agreco (no date), Christy (1995), Christy and Dowsett (in prep.).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ngotto. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/04/2014

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