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Location Central African Republic, Bamingui-Bangoran
Central coordinates 19o 30.00' East  8o 0.00' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 1,986,000 ha
Altitude 400 - 980m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description This IBA covers the Bamingui–Bangoran National Park in the broad sense, i.e. the National Park (1,070,000 ha) together with the Vassako–Bolo Strict Nature Reserve (86,000 ha) and the adjacent Gribingui–Bamingui and Koukourou–Bamingui Faunal Reserves (450,000 ha and 110,000 ha respectively). Also included is the Sangba river area (conservation zone and hunting concession of 270,000 ha), following Fay et al. (1990). The complex is located in the centre-north of the country, west of the town of Ndélé, while a short length of the western border of the park is formed by the international frontier with Chad.The park lies mostly on a plateau of 400–500 m, the rivers of which drain north-westwards to the Chari. It is mainly Sudan–Guinea Savanna woodland, on relatively flat ground. The northern part is essentially drier Sudan vegetation, the southern a more humid Guinea savanna. Dominant trees include Terminalia laxiflora, Isoberlinia doka and Anogeissus leiocarpus. In places these savanna trees form quite extensive dry deciduous forest. Along watercourses there is a narrow riparian forest/thicket community of considerable interest containing, as it does, a number of southern Guineo-Congolian forest species. The Bamingui river is perennial, whereas others are seasonally reduced to no more than small pools. Seasonal marshes and ponds occur in some low-lying areas. Open or lightly-wooded grasslands may have Mitragyna inermis, Lophira lanceolata and Crossopteryx febrifuga trees. In the south and east there are also a few granite inselbergs.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Heuglin's Francolin Pternistis icterorhynchus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fox Kestrel Falco alopex resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura pulchra resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Bronze-naped Pigeon Columba iriditorques resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Wood-dove Turtur brehmeri resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Niam-niam Parrot Poicephalus crassus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Turaco Tauraco persa resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-crested Turaco Tauraco leucolophus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Cuckoo Chrysococcyx flavigularis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bubo poensis resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Caprimulgus nigriscapularis resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Blue-bellied Roller Coracias cyanogaster resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-throated Bee-eater Merops bulocki resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Bee-eater Merops breweri resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bycanistes fistulator resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tockus fasciatus resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Grey-cheeked Hornbill Bycanistes subcylindricus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-thighed Hornbill Bycanistes albotibialis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna atrata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-eared Woodpecker Campethera caroli resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Speckle-breasted Woodpecker Dendropicos poecilolaemus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-crested Woodpecker Dendropicos xantholophus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Shrike-flycatcher Megabyas flammulatus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut Wattle-eye Platysteira castanea resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-eyed Puffback Dryoscopus senegalensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Shrike Corvinella corvina resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufiventer resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-vented Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufocinerea resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sun Lark Galerida modesta resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-winged Grey Warbler Drymocichla incana resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Apalis rufogularis resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Oriole Warbler Hypergerus atriceps resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Greenbul Andropadus gracilis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ansorge's Greenbul Andropadus ansorgei resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Leaf-love Pyrrhurus scandens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lesser Bristlebill Bleda notatus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Nicator Nicator chloris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Senegal Eremomela Eremomela pusilla resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Crombec Sylvietta virens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lemon-bellied Crombec Sylvietta denti resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Illadopsis Illadopsis fulvescens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blackcap Babbler Turdoides reinwardii resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bronze-tailed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis chalcurus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Flycatcher-thrush Stizorhina fraseri resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Alethe diademata resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
White-crowned Robin-chat Cossypha albicapilla resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-fronted Black-chat Myrmecocichla albifrons resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Forest Flycatcher Fraseria cinerascens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Gambaga Flycatcher Muscicapa gambagae breeding  1998  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Green Sunbird Anthreptes rectirostris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Little Green Sunbird Nectarinia seimundi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Brown Sunbird Nectarinia cyanolaema resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green-throated Sunbird Nectarinia rubescens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Splendid Sunbird Nectarinia coccinigaster resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-weaver Plocepasser superciliosus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bush Petronia Petronia dentata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita bicolor resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-cheeked Oliveback Nesocharis capistrata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-winged Pytilia Pytilia phoenicoptera resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-faced Pytilia Pytilia hypogrammica resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dybowski's Twinspot Euschistospiza dybowskii resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-breasted Firefinch Lagonosticta rufopicta resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Firefinch Lagonosticta rara resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Firefinch Lagonosticta larvata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lavender Waxbill Estrilda caerulescens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-rumped Waxbill Estrilda troglodytes resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Paradise-whydah Vidua interjecta resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-rumped Bunting Emberiza affinis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hairy-breasted Barbet Tricholaema hirsuta resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bearded Barbet Pogonornis dubius resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bamingui-Bangoran National Park 1,119,110 protected area contained by site 1,119,110  
Bamingui-Bangoran Conservation Area UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 1,622,000 protected area contained by site 1,622,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   19%
Forest   80%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -

Other biodiversity The area is important for a number of large mammal species including Panthera leo (VU) and, in particular, a number of Guineo-Congolian forest species which reach the northern limit of their distribution in the gallery forests, e.g. Tragelaphus eurycerus (LR/nt).

References Christy and Dowsett (in prep.), Dowsett (1997), Fay et al. (1990), Green (1983, 1984, 1990).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Bamingui-Bangoran National Park complex. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife