|Location||Congo, The Democratic Republic of the, Katanga|
|Central coordinates||26o 55.00' East 10o 58.00' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A3|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Ornithological information See Box and Tables 2 and 3 for key species. Ploceus ruweti is restricted to the swamps bordering Lake Lufira; there is no recent information on its status. Balaeniceps rex has been recorded. There are also records of Falco naumanni and Crex crex. The site may constitute a stop-over site for waterbirds migrating between the lakes and wetlands of the Upper Congo and those of the Upper Zambezi.
Site description An area of swamp, grassland and wooded savanna and an artificial lake in the Lufira valley in south-eastern DR Congo, east of the town of Likasi. The Lufira river is a major tributary of the Congo which rises in southern Katanga. In its upper reaches the river meanders through a large swampy depression situated in the centre of vast alluvial plains. Since the building of a dam in 1926, this depression has been partly flooded and a shallow lake, Lake Lufira (or Lake Tshangalele), has formed. The area comprising the central and peripheral plains and the lake is about 95,000 ha in extent; the flooded parts cover a maximum of c.44,000 ha. The altitude is of the lake is 1,100 m, while the surrounding chain of low mountains rises above 1,300 m. Vegetation-types include permanent swamps with Typha and Cyperus and various savannas (from open and wet to drier, wooded types) characterized by Isoberlinia, Uapaca, Syzygium, Loudetia simplex, Digitaria scalarum, Hyparrhenia rufa, Themeda triandra, Pterocarpus and Acacia. Water-levels in the Lufira are highest during February–March and lowest at the end of the dry season (September–October). Average annual rainfall is c.1,200 mm, with February and March the wettest months. Human population densities vary; they used to be highest on the western side of the lake. The creation of the lake has resulted in the settlement of many fishermen.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Shoebill Balaeniceps rex||resident||-||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Dickinson's Kestrel Falco dickinsoni||resident||2000||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Wattled Crane Bugeranus carunculatus||resident||-||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Coppery-tailed Coucal Centropus cupreicaudus||resident||2000||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Racket-tailed Roller Coracias spatulatus||resident||2000||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Boehm's Bee-eater Merops boehmi||resident||2000||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Angola Babbler Turdoides hartlaubii||resident||2000||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Lake Lufira Weaver Ploceus ruweti||resident||2000||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2, A3||Data Deficient|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Vallée de la Lufira||UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve||14,700||is identical to site||14,700|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
Other biodiversity No information is available, other than that the mammal Loxodonta africana (EN) occurs.
Management considerations Lake Lufira was declared a Biosphere Reserve in 1982. Threats are unknown.
Contribute Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.
Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lufira valley. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/05/2013
To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife