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Location Congo, The Democratic Republic of the, Katanga
Central coordinates 26o 40.00' East  9o 10.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 1,173,000 ha
Altitude 680 - 1,800m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description Upemba National Park is a large area in the south-east of the country, situated on the Kibara plateau and bordered in the west by the Lualaba (or Upper Congo) river and numerous lakes, among which Lake Upemba is the largest. The habitat of the plateau consists mainly of gently rolling grasslands at altitudes of between 1,750 m and 1,800 m. These are cut by numerous streams, which rise on the plateau and are lined with gallery forest. Rainwater accumulates in depressions of variable size, forming permanent ponds or temporary swamps, which are particularly numerous at the end of the rainy season. The grasslands are bordered by Uapaca-dominated woodland. On the slopes of the plateau and especially on the Lake Upemba plain, Brachystegia and Isoberlinia woodlands occur. During the dry season large areas of grassland are burnt. There are some villages in the western part of the park. Annual rainfall averages between 1,200 mm and 1,400 mm; February–March are the wettest months.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lybius minor resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Anchieta's Barbet Stactolaema anchietae resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Shoebill Balaeniceps rex resident  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Dickinson's Kestrel Falco dickinsoni resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Wattled Crane Bugeranus carunculatus resident  frequent  A1  Vulnerable 
Coppery-tailed Coucal Centropus cupreicaudus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Racquet-tailed Roller Coracias spatulatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Böhm's Bee-eater Merops boehmi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pale-billed Hornbill Lophoceros pallidirostris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Souza's Shrike Lanius souzae resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-bellied Tit Parus rufiventris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-and-rufous Swallow Hirundo nigrorufa resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue Swallow Hirundo atrocaerulea winter  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Angola Lark Mirafra angolensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chirping Cisticola Cisticola pipiens resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-tailed Cisticola Cisticola dambo resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Wren-warbler Camaroptera undosa resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Laura's Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus laurae resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-necked Eremomela Eremomela atricollis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-capped Crombec Sylvietta ruficapilla resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sharp-tailed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis acuticaudus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Ground-thrush Zoothera guttata unknown  present  A1  Endangered 
Miombo Scrub-robin Erythropygia barbata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-headed Black-chat Myrmecocichla arnoti resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Rock-thrush Monticola angolensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Boehm's Flycatcher Muscicapa boehmi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Double-collared Sunbird Nectarinia manoensis resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-backed Sparrow-weaver Plocepasser rufoscapulatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Firefinch Lagonosticta nitidula resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-lored Waxbill Estrilda nigriloris resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Data Deficient 
Broad-tailed Paradise-whydah Vidua obtusa resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fuelleborn's Longclaw Macronyx fuellebornii resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-eared Seedeater Serinus mennelli resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Parc National de l'Upemba Parc National 1,367,365 is identical to site 1,173,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   6%
Shrubland   20%
Grassland   7%
Forest   64%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -

Other biodiversity No recent information is available. Mammals of global conservation concern recorded in the past include Loxodonta africana (EN).

References Chapin (1954), Clement et al. (1993), Collar and Stuart (1985), Davis et al. (1994), Prigogine and Louette (1984), Verheyen (1953).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Upemba National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 03/09/2014

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