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Location Congo, The Democratic Republic of the, Katanga
Central coordinates 29o 49.80' East  7o 33.24' South
IBA criteria A3
Area 970,000 ha
Altitude 1,500 - 2,460m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description The Marungu highlands are situated to the west of the southern half of Lake Tanganyika in eastern DR Congo. The low-lying Mulobozi river, which flows into Lake Tanganyika just north of the town of Moba, separates the area into two main land masses, the smaller (northern) section (also called the Malimba mountains) rising to c.2,100 m and the larger (southern) section reaching c.2,460 m. The soil, derived from granitic or rhyolitic rocks, is generally poor in nutrients. The major habitats are rolling grassland (on the highest parts) and scrub (on the slopes) but there is some dense forest (including Parinari excelsa, Teclea nobilis, Polyscias fulva, Ficus storthophylla and Turrea holstii) in ravines and, more importantly, narrow remnants of riparian forest (with Syzygium cordatum, Ficalhoa laurifolia and Ilex mitis) along streams. There is a prolonged dry season; mean annual rainfall is c.1,200 mm, almost all of which falls in the period from October to April.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lybius minor resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Dusky Turtle-dove Streptopelia lugens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Coppery-tailed Coucal Centropus cupreicaudus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Böhm's Bee-eater Merops boehmi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Souza's Shrike Lanius souzae resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-bellied Tit Parus rufiventris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Tit Parus griseiventris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Angola Lark Mirafra angolensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chubb's Cisticola Cisticola chubbi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chirping Cisticola Cisticola pipiens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tabora Cisticola Cisticola angusticauda resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-tailed Cisticola Cisticola dambo resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-collared Apalis Oreolais pulchra resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-faced Apalis Apalis personata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Wren-warbler Camaroptera undosa resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bracken Warbler Bradypterus cinnamomeus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-necked Eremomela Eremomela atricollis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Warbler Sylvia lugens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Hill Babbler Pseudoalcippe abyssinica resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sharp-tailed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis acuticaudus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Scrub-robin Erythropygia barbata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-headed Black-chat Myrmecocichla arnoti resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Rock-thrush Monticola angolensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-eyed Slaty Flycatcher Dioptrornis fischeri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Boehm's Flycatcher Muscicapa boehmi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Sunbird Nectarinia alinae resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bannerman's Sunbird Nectarinia bannermani resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Double-collared Sunbird Nectarinia manoensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bronze Sunbird Nectarinia kilimensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-backed Sparrow-weaver Plocepasser rufoscapulatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Baglafecht Weaver Ploceus baglafecht resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Twinspot Euschistospiza cinereovinacea resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Broad-tailed Paradise-whydah Vidua obtusa resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fuelleborn's Longclaw Macronyx fuellebornii resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-browed Citril Serinus frontalis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-eared Seedeater Serinus mennelli resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Thick-billed Seedeater Serinus burtoni resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   3%
Wetlands (inland)   2%
Shrubland   31%
Savanna   5%
Forest   57%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -

Other biodiversity The Marungu highlands are a centre of endemism for plants.

References Collar and Stuart (1988), Dowsett and Prigogine (1974), Prigogine (1985).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Marungu highlands. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 03/09/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife