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Location Congo, The Democratic Republic of the, Sud-Kivu
Central coordinates 28o 25.32' East  3o 29.52' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 820,000 ha
Altitude 600 - 3,475m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description The Itombwe mountains run north–south beside the Albertine Rift to the west of the northernmost stretch of Lake Tanganyika in eastern DR Congo. Several peaks rise above 3,000 m, the highest being Mt Mohi at 3,475 m. In the east there is a sharp drop in altitude towards the Ruzizi plain and Lake Tanganyika, while westwards the altitude decreases more slowly. Montane forest (above 1,500 m) is estimated to cover about 650,000 ha, including 150,000 ha of bamboo and 50,000 ha of gallery forest. On the east side of the range montane forest is only patchy or occurs as galleries below 2,300 m, whereas on the western slopes there is, with decreasing altitude, bamboo, montane forest, a grassland zone, then further montane forest that intergrades with lowland forest between 1,800 and 1,200 m. Dominant tree species of the montane forest, where the canopy reaches around 25 m, include Parinari sp., Carapa sp., Homalium sp., Syzygium sp., Fagara aff. inaequalis, Sapium ellipticum, Ocotea michelsonii and Croton megalocarpus, while above 2,000 m the dominants include Hirtella sp., Symphonia sp., Olea hochstetteri, Chrysophyllum sp., and Ficalhoa laurifolia. The site contains the largest block of montane forest in the Albertine Rift mountains and is exceptional in Africa in having an unbroken progression from lowland to montane evergreen forest. The Itombwe mountains are difficult of access and human population densities are low in some parts. Forest is being cleared for agriculture and firewood around villages and cattle graze the high plateaus. The town of Kamituga, an important mining centre, lies just to the north-west of the montane forest area.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Plumed Guineafowl Guttera plumifera resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Congo Peafowl Afropavo congensis resident  2000  present  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Forest Francolin Peliperdix lathami resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Handsome Francolin Pternistis nobilis resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Hartlaub's Duck Pteronetta hartlaubii resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spot-breasted Ibis Bostrychia rara resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-crested Tiger-heron Tigriornis leucolopha resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buteo oreophilus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Congo Serpent-eagle Dryotriorchis spectabilis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-flanked Sparrowhawk Accipiter castanilius resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-legged Sparrowhawk Accipiter erythropus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Hawk Urotriorchis macrourus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura pulchra resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Nkulengu Rail Himantornis haematopus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-throated Rail Canirallus oculeus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Afep Pigeon Columba unicincta resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-naped Pigeon Columba albinucha resident  2000  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Western Bronze-naped Pigeon Columba iriditorques resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Turtle-dove Streptopelia lugens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Wood-dove Turtur brehmeri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Psittacus erithacus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Ruwenzori Turaco Gallirex johnstoni resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx mechowi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Olive Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx olivinus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Cuckoo Chrysococcyx flavigularis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Congo Bay-owl Phodilus prigoginei resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Bubo poensis resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Sandy Scops-owl Otus icterorhynchus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Akun Eagle-owl Bubo leucostictus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Maned Owl Jubula lettii resident  2000  present  A3  Data Deficient 
Red-chested Owlet Glaucidium tephronotum resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut Owlet Glaucidium castaneum resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Albertine Owlet Glaucidium albertinum resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
African Long-eared Owl Asio abyssinicus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Caprimulgus nigriscapularis resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Caprimulgus ruwenzorii resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Not Recognised 
Prigogine's Nightjar Caprimulgus prigoginei resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Bates's Nightjar Caprimulgus batesi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Schouteden's Swift Schoutedenapus schoutedeni resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Scarce Swift Schoutedenapus myoptilus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Spinetail Neafrapus cassini resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-tailed Trogon Apaloderma vittatum resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Roller Eurystomus gularis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chocolate-backed Kingfisher Halcyon badia resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Dwarf-kingfisher Ispidina lecontei resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Bee-eater Merops gularis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cinnamon-chested Bee-eater Merops oreobates resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tropicranus albocristatus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tockus fasciatus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Dwarf Hornbill Lophoceros camurus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-cheeked Hornbill Bycanistes subcylindricus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-thighed Hornbill Bycanistes albotibialis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna atrata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dwarf Honeyguide Indicator pumilio resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Cassin's Honeybird Prodotiscus insignis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Zenker's Honeyguide Melignomon zenkeri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Honeyguide Indicator maculatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Willcocks's Honeyguide Indicator willcocksi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lyre-tailed Honeyguide Melichneutes robustus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Campethera tullbergi resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Dendropicos gabonensis resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Buff-spotted Woodpecker Campethera nivosa resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-eared Woodpecker Campethera caroli resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-crested Woodpecker Dendropicos xantholophus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-headed Broadbill Smithornis sharpei resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-sided Broadbill Smithornis rufolateralis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Green Broadbill Pseudocalyptomena graueri resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
African Shrike-flycatcher Megabyas flammulatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ruwenzori Batis Batis diops resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Ituri Batis Batis ituriensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut Wattle-eye Platysteira castanea resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-spotted Wattle-eye Platysteira tonsa resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Jameson's Wattle-eye Platysteira jamesoni resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-crested Helmet-shrike Prionops alberti resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Chestnut-bellied Helmet-shrike Prionops caniceps resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-green Bush-shrike Telophorus bocagei resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Doherty's Bush-shrike Telophorus dohertyi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fiery-breasted Bush-shrike Malaconotus cruentus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lagden's Bush-shrike Malaconotus lagdeni resident  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Red-eyed Puffback Dryoscopus senegalensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sooty Boubou Laniarius leucorhynchus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mountain Boubou Laniarius poensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grauer's Cuckooshrike Coracina graueri resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Grey Cuckooshrike Coracina caesia resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue Cuckooshrike Coracina azurea resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Petit's Cuckooshrike Campephaga petiti resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Wattled Cuckooshrike Campephaga oriolina resident  2000  present  A3  Data Deficient 
Western Black-headed Oriole Oriolus brachyrhynchus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-tailed Oriole Oriolus percivali resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Shining Drongo Dicrurus atripennis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bedford's Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone bedfordi resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Black-headed Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufiventer resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Crested-flycatcher Trochocercus nitens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Crested-flycatcher Elminia nigromitrata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Crested-flycatcher Elminia albiventris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Crested-flycatcher Elminia albonotata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-capped Flycatcher Erythrocercus mccallii resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Tit Parus funereus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Stripe-breasted Tit Parus fasciiventer resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Tit-hylia Pholidornis rushiae resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chattering Cisticola Cisticola anonymus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chubb's Cisticola Cisticola chubbi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Collared Apalis Oreolais ruwenzorii resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-capped Apalis Apalis nigriceps resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-faced Apalis Apalis personata resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Apalis rufogularis resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Chestnut-throated Apalis Apalis porphyrolaema resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-browed Camaroptera Camaroptera superciliaris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Olive-green Camaroptera Camaroptera chloronota resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Mountain Greenbul Andropadus nigriceps resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Shelley's Greenbul Andropadus masukuensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Greenbul Andropadus gracilis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ansorge's Greenbul Andropadus ansorgei resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Greenbul Andropadus curvirostris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden Greenbul Calyptocichla serina resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Honeyguide Greenbul Baeopogon indicator resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Greenbul Baeopogon clamans resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Greenbul Ixonotus guttatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Simple Greenbul Chlorocichla simplex resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Swamp Greenbul Thescelocichla leucopleura resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Toro Olive Greenbul Phyllastrephus hypochloris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Icterine Greenbul Phyllastrephus icterinus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Icterine Greenbul Phyllastrephus icterinus resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Least Concern 
Xavier's Greenbul Phyllastrephus xavieri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Common Bristlebill Bleda syndactylus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lesser Bristlebill Bleda notatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green-backed Bulbul Criniger chloronotus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-tailed Bulbul Criniger calurus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bearded Bulbul Criniger ndussumensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Nicator Nicator chloris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Nicator Nicator vireo resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Neumann's Warbler Hemitesia neumanni resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Bracken Warbler Bradypterus cinnamomeus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mountain Flycatcher-warbler Chloropeta similis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Papyrus Yellow Warbler Chloropeta gracilirostris resident  2000  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Yellow Longbill Macrosphenus flavicans resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Violet-backed Hyliota Hyliota violacea resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Hylia Hylia prasina resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-faced Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus laetus resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Uganda Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus budongoensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus umbrovirens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grauer's Warbler Graueria vittata resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-crowned Eremomela Eremomela badiceps resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Crombec Sylvietta virens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lemon-bellied Crombec Sylvietta denti resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Crombec Sylvietta leucophrys resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Warbler Sylvia lugens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chapin's Mountain-babbler Kupeornis chapini resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Red-collared Mountain-babbler Kupeornis rufocinctus resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Scaly-breasted Illadopsis Illadopsis albipectus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Illadopsis Illadopsis fulvescens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mountain Illadopsis Illadopsis pyrrhoptera resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-chested Babbler Kakamega poliothorax resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Hill Babbler Pseudoalcippe abyssinica resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple-headed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureiceps resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sharpe's Starling Cinnyricinclus sharpii resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Waller's Starling Onychognathus walleri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-winged Starling Onychognathus fulgidus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Slender-billed Starling Onychognathus tenuirostris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Stuhlmann's Starling Poeoptera stuhlmanni resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Narrow-tailed Starling Poeoptera lugubris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Ant-thrush Neocossyphus poensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Flycatcher-thrush Stizorhina fraseri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Zoothera piaggiae resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Zoothera tanganjicae resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Not Recognised 
Orange Ground-thrush Zoothera gurneyi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Forest Ground-thrush Zoothera oberlaenderi resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Red-throated Alethe Alethe poliophrys resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Alethe diademata resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Forest Robin Stiphrornis erythrothorax resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lowland Akalat Sheppardia cyornithopsis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Equatorial Akalat Sheppardia aequatorialis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Robin-chat Cossyphicula roberti resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Archer's Robin-chat Cossypha archeri resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Blue-shouldered Robin-chat Cossypha cyanocampter resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Forest Scrub-robin Erythropygia leucosticta resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Forest Flycatcher Fraseria ocreata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-eyed Black Flycatcher Melaenornis ardesiacus resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-eyed Slaty Flycatcher Dioptrornis fischeri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sooty Flycatcher Muscicapa infuscata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Olivaceous Flycatcher Muscicapa olivascens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chapin's Flycatcher Muscicapa lendu resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Yellow-footed Flycatcher Muscicapa sethsmithi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky-blue Flycatcher Muscicapa comitata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Grey Flycatcher Muscicapa cassini resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-throated Tit-flycatcher Myioparus griseigularis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scarlet-tufted Sunbird Anthreptes fraseri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Violet-tailed Sunbird Anthreptes aurantium resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Little Green Sunbird Nectarinia seimundi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bates's Sunbird Nectarinia batesi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Reichenbach's Sunbird Nectarinia reichenbachii resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Sunbird Nectarinia alinae resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Brown Sunbird Nectarinia cyanolaema resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green-throated Sunbird Nectarinia rubescens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Northern Double-collared Sunbird Nectarinia preussi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tiny Sunbird Nectarinia minulla resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Regal Sunbird Nectarinia regia resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Rockefeller's Sunbird Nectarinia rockefelleri resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Purple-breasted Sunbird Nectarinia purpureiventris resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Bronze Sunbird Nectarinia kilimensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden-winged Sunbird Nectarinia reichenowi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-tufted Sunbird Nectarinia johnstoni resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Johanna's Sunbird Nectarinia johannae resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Superb Sunbird Nectarinia superba resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Baglafecht Weaver Ploceus baglafecht resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-billed Weaver Ploceus melanogaster resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Strange Weaver Ploceus alienus resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Orange Weaver Ploceus aurantius resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Vieillot's Black Weaver Ploceus nigerrimus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-mantled Weaver Ploceus tricolor resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Maxwell's Black Weaver Ploceus albinucha resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Preuss's Weaver Ploceus preussi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-capped Weaver Ploceus dorsomaculatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-capped Weaver Ploceus insignis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-crowned Malimbe Malimbus coronatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Malimbe Malimbus cassini resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-bellied Malimbe Malimbus erythrogaster resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Gray's Malimbe Malimbus nitens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Crested Malimbe Malimbus malimbicus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Jameson's Antpecker Parmoptila jamesoni resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita fusconotus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita bicolor resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pale-fronted Negrofinch Nigrita luteifrons resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-faced Crimson-wing Cryptospiza reichenovii resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Abyssinian Crimson-wing Cryptospiza salvadorii resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Crimson-wing Cryptospiza jacksoni resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Shelley's Crimson-wing Cryptospiza shelleyi resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Grant's Bluebill Spermophaga poliogenys resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Bluebill Spermophaga haematina resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Twinspot Euschistospiza cinereovinacea resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Swee Waxbill Estrilda melanotis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-browed Citril Serinus frontalis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Serinus striolatus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Thick-billed Seedeater Serinus burtoni resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Oriole Finch Linurgus olivaceus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Trachyphonus purpuratus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Sladen's Barbet Gymnobucco sladeni resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Speckled Tinkerbird Pogoniulus scolopaceus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Green Tinkerbird Pogoniulus coryphaea resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-rumped Tinkerbird Pogoniulus atroflavus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Tinkerbird Pogoniulus subsulphureus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Barbet Buccanodon duchaillui resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hairy-breasted Barbet Tricholaema hirsuta resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   1%
Unknown   2%
Shrubland   18%
Savanna   5%
Forest   71%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -

Other biodiversity Little is known. An important population of Gorilla gorilla graueri (EN) occurs. Pan troglodytes (EN) and Loxodonta africana (EN) are also present. Two forest shrew species are known from single specimens in the Itombwe range. At least 21 amphibian taxa have been recorded from Itombwe above 1,500 m, most of limited distribution and six endemic.

Further web sources of information 

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) species/site profile. This site has been identified as an AZE due to it containing a Critically Endangered or Endangered species with a limited range.

References Butynski et al. (1996, 1997), Collar and Stuart (1988), Ilambu et al. (1999), IUCN (1990), Prigogine (1971, 1978, 1980, 1984, 1985), Stubbs (1988), Wilson and Catsis (1990).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Itombwe Mountains. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife