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Location Congo, The Democratic Republic of the, Sud-Kivu
Central coordinates 28o 2.88' East  2o 5.28' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 560,000 ha
Altitude 600 - 3,300m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description The park is located in eastern DR Congo, beside the Albertine Rift west of Lake Kivu and the town of Bukavu, close to the international frontiers with Rwanda and Burundi. It is composed of two distinct parts connected by a narrow corridor of forest. The original section of 60,000 ha, which is crossed by the major Bukavu–Kisangani road, has an altitudinal range of 1,800–3,300 m and is centred around Mt Kahuzi (3,300 m) and Mt Biega (2,900 m). It consists mainly of dense primary montane forest with some bamboo, with the remainder woodland, swamp and peatbog. The western extension seeks to conserve a vast undulating tract of transition and lowland forest, varying in altitude between c.600 and 1,500 m, with only the isolated peak of Mt Kamami (1,700 m) and some parts of the corridor rising higher. Areas of old secondary forest mark former settlements, mining camps and fields predating the incorporation of this area into the park. Average annual rainfall is 1,800 mm, with wide yearly fluctuations.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Plumed Guineafowl Guttera plumifera resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Congo Peafowl Afropavo congensis resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Forest Francolin Francolinus lathami resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Handsome Francolin Francolinus nobilis resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Hartlaub's Duck Pteronetta hartlaubii resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Spot-breasted Ibis Bostrychia rara resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Congo Serpent-eagle Dryotriorchis spectabilis resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-flanked Sparrowhawk Accipiter castanilius resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Hawk Urotriorchis macrourus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Mountain Buzzard Buteo oreophilus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura pulchra resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Nkulengu Rail Himantornis haematopus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-throated Rail Canirallus oculeus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Afep Pigeon Columba unicincta resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-naped Pigeon Columba albinucha resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Near Threatened 
Western Bronze-naped Pigeon Columba iriditorques resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Turtle-dove Streptopelia lugens resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Wood-dove Turtur brehmeri resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Psittacus erithacus resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Not Recognised 
Dusky Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx mechowi resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Cuckoo Chrysococcyx flavigularis resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Fraser's Eagle-owl Bubo poensis resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Akun Eagle-owl Bubo leucostictus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Albertine Owlet Glaucidium albertinum resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Ruwenzori Nightjar Caprimulgus ruwenzorii resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Scarce Swift Schoutedenapus myoptilus resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Sabine's Spinetail Rhaphidura sabini resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Spinetail Neafrapus cassini resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-tailed Trogon Apaloderma vittatum resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Roller Eurystomus gularis resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Chocolate-backed Kingfisher Halcyon badia resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
African Dwarf-kingfisher Ceyx lecontei resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Cinnamon-chested Bee-eater Merops oreobates resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black Dwarf Hornbill Tockus hartlaubi resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-billed Dwarf Hornbill Tockus camurus resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
African Pied Hornbill Tockus fasciatus resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-crested Hornbill Tropicranus albocristatus resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Piping Hornbill Bycanistes fistulator resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-thighed Hornbill Bycanistes albotibialis resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna atrata resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Speckled Tinkerbird Pogoniulus scolopaceus resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-rumped Tinkerbird Pogoniulus atroflavus resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Tinkerbird Pogoniulus subsulphureus resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Barbet Buccanodon duchaillui resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Hairy-breasted Barbet Tricholaema hirsuta resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Barbet Trachyphonus purpuratus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Dwarf Honeyguide Indicator pumilio resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Cassin's Honeyguide Prodotiscus insignis resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Zenker's Honeyguide Melignomon zenkeri resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Honeyguide Indicator maculatus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Willcocks's Honeyguide Indicator willcocksi resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Lyre-tailed Honeyguide Melichneutes robustus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
African Piculet Sasia africana resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Tullberg's Woodpecker Campethera tullbergi resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-spotted Woodpecker Campethera nivosa resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-eared Woodpecker Campethera caroli resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Golden-crowned Woodpecker Thripias xantholophus resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-sided Broadbill Smithornis rufolateralis resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
African Green Broadbill Pseudocalyptomena graueri resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
African Shrike-flycatcher Megabyas flammulatus resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Ruwenzori Batis Batis diops resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Ituri Batis Batis ituriensis resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut Wattle-eye Platysteira castanea resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Jameson's Wattle-eye Platysteira jamesoni resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-crested Helmet-shrike Prionops alberti resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Doherty's Bush-shrike Telophorus dohertyi resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Fiery-breasted Bush-shrike Malaconotus cruentus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-eyed Puffback Dryoscopus senegalensis resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Sooty Boubou Laniarius leucorhynchus resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Mountain Boubou Laniarius poensis resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Cuckooshrike Coracina caesia resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Blue Cuckooshrike Coracina azurea resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grauer's Cuckooshrike Coracina graueri resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Petit's Cuckooshrike Campephaga petiti resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Wattled Cuckooshrike Campephaga oriolina resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Data Deficient 
Western Black-headed Oriole Oriolus brachyrhynchus resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-tailed Oriole Oriolus percivali resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Shining Drongo Dicrurus atripennis resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufiventer resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Crested-flycatcher Trochocercus nitens resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Bedford's Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone bedfordi resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Dusky Crested-flycatcher Elminia nigromitrata resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Crested-flycatcher Elminia albiventris resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Crested-flycatcher Elminia albonotata resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Tit Parus funereus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Stripe-breasted Tit Parus fasciiventer resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Tit-hylia Pholidornis rushiae resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Chattering Cisticola Cisticola anonymus resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Chubb's Cisticola Cisticola chubbi resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Collared Apalis Oreolais ruwenzorii resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-faced Apalis Apalis personata resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Apalis rufogularis resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Not Recognised 
Gosling's Apalis Apalis goslingi resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-throated Apalis Apalis porphyrolaema resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-browed Camaroptera Camaroptera superciliaris resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Olive-green Camaroptera Camaroptera chloronota resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Mountain Greenbul Andropadus nigriceps resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Shelley's Greenbul Andropadus masukuensis resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Greenbul Andropadus gracilis resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Ansorge's Greenbul Andropadus ansorgei resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Greenbul Andropadus curvirostris resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Golden Greenbul Calyptocichla serina resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Honeyguide Greenbul Baeopogon indicator resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Greenbul Ixonotus guttatus resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Simple Greenbul Chlorocichla simplex resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Icterine Greenbul Phyllastrephus icterinus resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Icterine Greenbul Phyllastrephus icterinus resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Least Concern 
Xavier's Greenbul Phyllastrephus xavieri resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Common Bristlebill Bleda syndactylus resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Green-backed Bulbul Criniger chloronotus resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-tailed Bulbul Criniger calurus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Nicator Nicator chloris resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Nicator Nicator vireo resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Neumann's Warbler Hemitesia neumanni resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grauer's Swamp-warbler Bradypterus graueri resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Bracken Warbler Bradypterus cinnamomeus resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Mountain Flycatcher-warbler Chloropeta similis resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow Longbill Macrosphenus flavicans resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Violet-backed Hyliota Hyliota violacea resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Green Hylia Hylia prasina resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-faced Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus laetus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Uganda Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus budongoensis resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus umbrovirens resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grauer's Warbler Graueria vittata resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-crowned Eremomela Eremomela badiceps resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Green Crombec Sylvietta virens resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Lemon-bellied Crombec Sylvietta denti resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Crombec Sylvietta leucophrys resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Scaly-breasted Illadopsis Illadopsis albipectus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Illadopsis Illadopsis fulvescens resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Mountain Illadopsis Illadopsis pyrrhoptera resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-chested Babbler Kakamega poliothorax resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
African Hill Babbler Pseudoalcippe abyssinica resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Chapin's Mountain-babbler Kupeornis chapini resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Purple-headed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureiceps resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Sharpe's Starling Cinnyricinclus sharpii resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Waller's Starling Onychognathus walleri resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-winged Starling Onychognathus fulgidus resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Slender-billed Starling Onychognathus tenuirostris resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Stuhlmann's Starling Poeoptera stuhlmanni resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Narrow-tailed Starling Poeoptera lugubris resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Zoothera piaggiae resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Not Recognised 
Zoothera tanganjicae resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Not Recognised 
Red-throated Alethe Alethe poliophrys resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Forest Robin Stiphrornis erythrothorax resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Robin-chat Cossyphicula roberti resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Archer's Robin-chat Cossypha archeri resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Blue-shouldered Robin-chat Cossypha cyanocampter resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Forest Scrub-robin Erythropygia leucosticta resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
African Forest Flycatcher Fraseria ocreata resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-eyed Black Flycatcher Melaenornis ardesiacus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-eyed Slaty Flycatcher Dioptrornis fischeri resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Sooty Flycatcher Muscicapa infuscata resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky-blue Flycatcher Muscicapa comitata resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Grey Flycatcher Muscicapa cassini resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-throated Tit-flycatcher Myioparus griseigularis resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Scarlet-tufted Sunbird Anthreptes fraseri resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Green Sunbird Anthreptes rectirostris resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Little Green Sunbird Nectarinia seimundi resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Bates's Sunbird Nectarinia batesi resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Sunbird Nectarinia alinae resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Brown Sunbird Nectarinia cyanolaema resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Green-throated Sunbird Nectarinia rubescens resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Northern Double-collared Sunbird Nectarinia preussi resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Tiny Sunbird Nectarinia minulla resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Regal Sunbird Nectarinia regia resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Rockefeller's Sunbird Nectarinia rockefelleri resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Purple-breasted Sunbird Nectarinia purpureiventris resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Bronze Sunbird Nectarinia kilimensis resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Johanna's Sunbird Nectarinia johannae resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Superb Sunbird Nectarinia superba resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Baglafecht Weaver Ploceus baglafecht resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-billed Weaver Ploceus melanogaster resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Strange Weaver Ploceus alienus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-mantled Weaver Ploceus tricolor resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Maxwell's Black Weaver Ploceus albinucha resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Preuss's Weaver Ploceus preussi resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-capped Weaver Ploceus insignis resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-crowned Malimbe Malimbus coronatus resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Crested Malimbe Malimbus malimbicus resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Jameson's Antpecker Parmoptila jamesoni resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita fusconotus resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita bicolor resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Pale-fronted Negrofinch Nigrita luteifrons resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-faced Crimson-wing Cryptospiza reichenovii resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Abyssinian Crimson-wing Cryptospiza salvadorii resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Crimson-wing Cryptospiza jacksoni resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Shelley's Crimson-wing Cryptospiza shelleyi resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Grant's Bluebill Spermophaga poliogenys resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-browed Citril Serinus frontalis resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Serinus striolatus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Not Recognised 
Thick-billed Seedeater Serinus burtoni resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Oriole Finch Linurgus olivaceus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kahuzi-Biega Mountains National Park 600,000 is identical to site 560,000  
Kahuzi-Biega National Park World Heritage Site 600,000 is identical to site 560,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Unknown   1%
Forest   97%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

Other biodiversity The park is important for Gorilla gorilla graueri (EN) (estimated at 4,150 to 10,800 individuals during 1990–1995; as much as 70% of the global population of this taxon is thought to occur within Kahuzi–Biega and Maiko National Parks) and Gorilla gorilla beringei (CR). Six other primates occur, including Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii (EN) (1,300–4,000) and Cercopithecus hamlyni (LR/nt). Other mammals include Loxodonta africana (EN) (1,350–3,600) and Tragelaphus euryceros (LR/nt), while Osbornictis piscivora (DD) has been recorded from the vicinity.

Further web sources of information 

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) species/site profile. This site has been identified as an AZE due to it containing a Critically Endangered or Endangered species with a limited range.

References Collar and Stuart (1988), Hart and Hall (1996), IUCN (1990), Wilson and Catsis (1990).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kahuzi-Biega National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/04/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife