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Location Congo, The Democratic Republic of the, Nord-Kivu
Central coordinates 29o 1.08' East  0o 17.76' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 180,000 ha
Altitude 912 - 3,117m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description The sites comprises an area of forested mountains immediately west of Lake Edward and Virunga National Park (IBA CD010) in eastern DR Congo. The land rises sharply from Lake Edward (912 m) and the Semliki plain to over 2,000 m in several places; westwards, beyond the mountains, altitudes decrease only gradually towards Maiko National Park (CD011). The only part of the area currently protected are the environs of its highest peak, Mount Tshiaberimu (3,117 m) in the north, close to Lake Edward, which is included in the northern section of Virunga National Park. The area is heavily populated, especially the highlands, but in some areas of the west, population densities are low. The main population centres are Lubéro, Alimbongo and Lutunguru. Agriculture and the felling of trees for firewood and construction seriously threaten the remaining forests.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Trachyphonus purpuratus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Speckled Tinkerbird Pogoniulus scolopaceus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Green Tinkerbird Pogoniulus coryphaea resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-rumped Tinkerbird Pogoniulus atroflavus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Tinkerbird Pogoniulus subsulphureus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Barbet Buccanodon duchaillui resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hairy-breasted Barbet Tricholaema hirsuta resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Congo Peafowl Afropavo congensis resident  2000  present  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Handsome Francolin Pternistis nobilis resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Hartlaub's Duck Pteronetta hartlaubii resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spot-breasted Ibis Bostrychia rara resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-crested Tiger-heron Tigriornis leucolopha resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buteo oreophilus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Congo Serpent-eagle Dryotriorchis spectabilis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-flanked Sparrowhawk Accipiter castanilius resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-legged Sparrowhawk Accipiter erythropus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Hawk Urotriorchis macrourus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura pulchra resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Nkulengu Rail Himantornis haematopus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-throated Rail Canirallus oculeus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Afep Pigeon Columba unicincta resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-naped Pigeon Columba albinucha resident  2000  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Western Bronze-naped Pigeon Columba iriditorques resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Turtle-dove Streptopelia lugens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Wood-dove Turtur brehmeri resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-collared Lovebird Agapornis swindernianus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Psittacus erithacus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Ruwenzori Turaco Gallirex johnstoni resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx mechowi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Cuckoo Chrysococcyx flavigularis resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Bubo poensis resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Albertine Owlet Glaucidium albertinum resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Caprimulgus ruwenzorii resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Not Recognised 
Scarce Swift Schoutedenapus myoptilus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-tailed Trogon Apaloderma vittatum resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Roller Eurystomus gularis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chocolate-backed Kingfisher Halcyon badia resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
African Dwarf-kingfisher Ispidina lecontei resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cinnamon-chested Bee-eater Merops oreobates resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tropicranus albocristatus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tockus fasciatus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tockus hartlaubi resident  2000  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Dwarf Hornbill Lophoceros camurus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-thighed Hornbill Bycanistes albotibialis resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Dwarf Honeyguide Indicator pumilio resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Cassin's Honeybird Prodotiscus insignis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Zenker's Honeyguide Melignomon zenkeri resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Honeyguide Indicator maculatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Willcocks's Honeyguide Indicator willcocksi resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Campethera tullbergi resident  2000  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Buff-spotted Woodpecker Campethera nivosa resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-eared Woodpecker Campethera caroli resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-crested Woodpecker Dendropicos xantholophus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Shrike-flycatcher Megabyas flammulatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ruwenzori Batis Batis diops resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut Wattle-eye Platysteira castanea resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Jameson's Wattle-eye Platysteira jamesoni resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-crested Helmet-shrike Prionops alberti resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Chestnut-bellied Helmet-shrike Prionops caniceps resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-green Bush-shrike Telophorus bocagei resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Doherty's Bush-shrike Telophorus dohertyi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fiery-breasted Bush-shrike Malaconotus cruentus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Lagden's Bush-shrike Malaconotus lagdeni resident  2000  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Mountain Boubou Laniarius poensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grauer's Cuckooshrike Coracina graueri resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Grey Cuckooshrike Coracina caesia resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Petit's Cuckooshrike Campephaga petiti resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Western Black-headed Oriole Oriolus brachyrhynchus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-tailed Oriole Oriolus percivali resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-winged Oriole Oriolus nigripennis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bedford's Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone bedfordi resident  2000  unknown  A2  Near Threatened 
Black-headed Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufiventer resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Crested-flycatcher Trochocercus nitens resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Crested-flycatcher Elminia nigromitrata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Crested-flycatcher Elminia albiventris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Crested-flycatcher Elminia albonotata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Tit Parus funereus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Stripe-breasted Tit Parus fasciiventer resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Chubb's Cisticola Cisticola chubbi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Collared Apalis Oreolais ruwenzorii resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-faced Apalis Apalis personata resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Gosling's Apalis Apalis goslingi resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-throated Apalis Apalis porphyrolaema resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Olive-green Camaroptera Camaroptera chloronota resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Mountain Greenbul Andropadus nigriceps resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Shelley's Greenbul Andropadus masukuensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Greenbul Andropadus gracilis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ansorge's Greenbul Andropadus ansorgei resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Greenbul Andropadus curvirostris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden Greenbul Calyptocichla serina resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Honeyguide Greenbul Baeopogon indicator resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Greenbul Ixonotus guttatus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Joyful Greenbul Chlorocichla laetissima resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Prigogine's Greenbul Chlorocichla prigoginei resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Icterine Greenbul Phyllastrephus icterinus resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Least Concern 
Common Bristlebill Bleda syndactylus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-tailed Bulbul Criniger calurus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Nicator Nicator chloris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Neumann's Warbler Hemitesia neumanni resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Grauer's Swamp-warbler Bradypterus graueri resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Bracken Warbler Bradypterus cinnamomeus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mountain Flycatcher-warbler Chloropeta similis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Violet-backed Hyliota Hyliota violacea resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Green Hylia Hylia prasina resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-faced Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus laetus resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Brown Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus umbrovirens resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Grauer's Warbler Graueria vittata resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-crowned Eremomela Eremomela badiceps resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Green Crombec Sylvietta virens resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Crombec Sylvietta leucophrys resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chapin's Mountain-babbler Kupeornis chapini resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Red-collared Mountain-babbler Kupeornis rufocinctus resident  2000  unknown  A2  Near Threatened 
Scaly-breasted Illadopsis Illadopsis albipectus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Illadopsis Illadopsis fulvescens resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Mountain Illadopsis Illadopsis pyrrhoptera resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-chested Babbler Kakamega poliothorax resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Hill Babbler Pseudoalcippe abyssinica resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple-headed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureiceps resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sharpe's Starling Cinnyricinclus sharpii resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Waller's Starling Onychognathus walleri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-winged Starling Onychognathus fulgidus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Slender-billed Starling Onychognathus tenuirostris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Stuhlmann's Starling Poeoptera stuhlmanni resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Narrow-tailed Starling Poeoptera lugubris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Ant-thrush Neocossyphus poensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Flycatcher-thrush Stizorhina fraseri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-throated Alethe Alethe poliophrys resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Forest Robin Stiphrornis erythrothorax resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Robin-chat Cossyphicula roberti resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Archer's Robin-chat Cossypha archeri resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Blue-shouldered Robin-chat Cossypha cyanocampter resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
African Forest Flycatcher Fraseria ocreata resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-eyed Black Flycatcher Melaenornis ardesiacus resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-eyed Slaty Flycatcher Dioptrornis fischeri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sooty Flycatcher Muscicapa infuscata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-footed Flycatcher Muscicapa sethsmithi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky-blue Flycatcher Muscicapa comitata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scarlet-tufted Sunbird Anthreptes fraseri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Sunbird Anthreptes rectirostris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bates's Sunbird Nectarinia batesi resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Sunbird Nectarinia alinae resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Brown Sunbird Nectarinia cyanolaema resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green-throated Sunbird Nectarinia rubescens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Northern Double-collared Sunbird Nectarinia preussi resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Regal Sunbird Nectarinia regia resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Rockefeller's Sunbird Nectarinia rockefelleri resident  2000  unknown  A2  Vulnerable 
Purple-breasted Sunbird Nectarinia purpureiventris resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Bronze Sunbird Nectarinia kilimensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden-winged Sunbird Nectarinia reichenowi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Baglafecht Weaver Ploceus baglafecht resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-billed Weaver Ploceus melanogaster resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Strange Weaver Ploceus alienus resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Vieillot's Black Weaver Ploceus nigerrimus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-capped Weaver Ploceus insignis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-bellied Malimbe Malimbus erythrogaster resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Crested Malimbe Malimbus malimbicus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-headed Malimbe Malimbus rubricollis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Jameson's Antpecker Parmoptila jamesoni resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita fusconotus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita bicolor resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-faced Crimson-wing Cryptospiza reichenovii resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Crimson-wing Cryptospiza jacksoni resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Shelley's Crimson-wing Cryptospiza shelleyi resident  2000  unknown  A2  Vulnerable 
Grant's Bluebill Spermophaga poliogenys resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-browed Citril Serinus frontalis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Serinus striolatus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Thick-billed Seedeater Serinus burtoni resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Oriole Finch Linurgus olivaceus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Réserve naturelle de Tayna Réserve Naturelle 89,292 protected area overlaps with site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   22%
Unknown   23%
Savanna   4%
Grassland   1%
Forest   47%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -

Other biodiversity Mammals of global conservation concern include Gorilla gorilla graueri (EN).

References Collar and Stuart (1988), Prigogine (1953).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Forests west of Lake Edward. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/09/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife