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Location Congo, The Democratic Republic of the, Orientale
Central coordinates 30o 42.12' East  2o 3.90' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 410,000 ha
Altitude 1,700 - 2,455m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description The Lendu plateau is a large area of high ground on the west side of Lake Albert in north-eastern DR Congo, bordered in the north by the Ugandan frontier. The altitude of the plateau varies between 1,700 m and 2,000 m rising, along its eastern edge, to some cone-shaped mountains, the highest of which is Mount Aboro (2,455 m). The plateau is mainly grassy, with relatively few trees except Erythrina sp. Formerly, some patches of montane forest occurred above 1,500 m and on the higher mountains, but these have mostly been destroyed. The forest near Djugu, in the valley of the Nizi river, is perhaps the most important remaining site.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Tables 2 and 3 for key species. In addition, Crex crex has been recorded. Muscicapa lendu was originally discovered in montane forest near Djugu, where it may still occur. Sylvietta chapini is only known from this site. Other species of interest include Chlorocichla prigoginei (not uncommon; known only from one other site) and Terpsiphone bedfordi, a restricted-range species of the Eastern DR Congo lowlands EBA (see Table 2). Six species of the Sudan–Guinea Savanna biome, 15 of the Guinea–Congo Forests biome and one of the Lake Victoria Basin biome have also been recorded (see Table 3).

Non-bird biodiversity: The highland area is densely settled and little mammal fauna remains. The lowland forest transition probably still contains some areas with important populations of primates and ungulates.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Handsome Francolin Pternistis nobilis resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-naped Pigeon Columba albinucha resident  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Bar-tailed Trogon Apaloderma vittatum resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cinnamon-chested Bee-eater Merops oreobates resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Campethera tullbergi resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Grauer's Cuckooshrike Coracina graueri resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Bedford's Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone bedfordi resident  2000  present  A1  Near Threatened 
White-bellied Crested-flycatcher Elminia albiventris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chubb's Cisticola Cisticola chubbi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-collared Apalis Oreolais pulchra resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-faced Apalis Apalis personata resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Mountain Greenbul Andropadus nigriceps resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Joyful Greenbul Chlorocichla laetissima resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Prigogine's Greenbul Chlorocichla prigoginei resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Bamboo Warbler Bradypterus alfredi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-faced Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus laetus resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Crombec Sylvietta leucophrys resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Chapin's Mountain-babbler Kupeornis chapini resident  2000  present  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
Mountain Illadopsis Illadopsis pyrrhoptera resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sharpe's Starling Cinnyricinclus sharpii resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Waller's Starling Onychognathus walleri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Stuhlmann's Starling Poeoptera stuhlmanni resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Zoothera piaggiae resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Equatorial Akalat Sheppardia aequatorialis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-eyed Slaty Flycatcher Dioptrornis fischeri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chapin's Flycatcher Muscicapa lendu resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Blue-headed Sunbird Nectarinia alinae resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Northern Double-collared Sunbird Nectarinia preussi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bronze Sunbird Nectarinia kilimensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden-winged Sunbird Nectarinia reichenowi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Baglafecht Weaver Ploceus baglafecht resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-billed Weaver Ploceus melanogaster resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-capped Weaver Ploceus insignis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Crimson-wing Cryptospiza jacksoni resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-browed Citril Serinus frontalis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Serinus striolatus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Thick-billed Seedeater Serinus burtoni resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   1%
Savanna   20%
Grassland   36%
Forest   41%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -

References Pedersen (1997), Prigogine (1985), Vrijdagh (1949).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lendu Plateau. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife