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Location Congo, The Democratic Republic of the, Orientale
Central coordinates 29o 24.00' East  4o 13.00' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 492,000 ha
Altitude 710 - 1,061m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description Garamba is large area of mainly densely wooded savanna, with gallery forest and papyrus marshes, situated in north-eastern DR Congo, on the border with Sudan. The landscape is undulating and the park lies on the watershed between the Nile and the Congo rivers and is drained by many rivers, of which the Dungu, the Aka and the Garamba are the most important. The park has the only centre in the world for the domestication of the African Elephant Loxodonta africana, which started in 1901. Mean annual rainfall is around 1,500 mm with the rainy season extending from April to November.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Heuglin's Francolin Pternistis icterorhynchus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-chested Lapwing Vanellus superciliosus breeding  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-crested Turaco Tauraco leucolophus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-throated Bee-eater Merops bulocki resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Shrike Corvinella corvina resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Emin's Shrike Lanius gubernator resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Piapiac Ptilostomus afer resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow Penduline-tit Anthoscopus parvulus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Sun Lark Galerida modesta resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Foxy Cisticola Cisticola troglodytes resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Red-winged Grey Warbler Drymocichla incana resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Babbler Turdoides tenebrosa resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bronze-tailed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis chalcurus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-collared Starling Grafisia torquata resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-weaver Plocepasser superciliosus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Heuglin's Masked-weaver Ploceus heuglini resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-cheeked Oliveback Nesocharis capistrata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-winged Pytilia Pytilia phoenicoptera resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dybowski's Twinspot Euschistospiza dybowskii resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Firefinch Lagonosticta rara resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Firefinch Lagonosticta larvata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Paradise-whydah Vidua interjecta resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-rumped Bunting Emberiza affinis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Garamba National Park World Heritage Site 492,000 is identical to site 492,000  
Parc National de la Garamba Parc National 493,724 is identical to site 492,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Savanna   11%
Grassland   76%
Forest   12%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

Other biodiversity The park holds some 130 species of mammal, amongst which is the last surviving population of Ceratotherium simum cottoni (CR). Other species of interest include Loxodonta africana (EN) (unique in that it represents an intermediary form in the cline between the forest and savanna subspecies) and Pan troglodytes (EN).

References Davis et al. (1994), Sacchi (1996), Verschuren (1966b, 1991).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Garamba National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/08/2014

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