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Location Congo, The Democratic Republic of the, Bandundu,Equateur,Kasaï Occidental,Kasaï Oriental
Central coordinates 21o 15.00' East  2o 10.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 3,656,000 ha
Altitude 350 - 700m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description Salonga is a huge area almost entirely covered with tropical moist forest. This largest rainforest park in the world encompasses a significant section of the central basin of the Congo river and is composed of two sectors, the northern (c.1,700,000 ha) and southern (c.1,900,000 ha), separated by a 45 km wide corridor. The boundaries of the park are mostly formed by the major rivers of the area which flow in parallel and are aligned south-east–north-west. The site, which is extremely isolated and only accessible by water, comprises mainly lowland rainforest, swamp-forests, riverine forests, and dry-land forest. There are some grassy clearings in the northern sector and patches of savanna of man-made origin in the extreme south. The landscape consists of plateaus and terraces varying in altitude from 350 m in the west to 700 m in the east, but most of the area is low-lying, swampy ground below 500 m. In places cliffs of up to 80 m border the rivers. The northern sector and the northernmost part of the southern sector are directly linked to the Congo river basin; the central part of the southern sector only indirectly, through the drainage basin of the Maï-Ndombe lake and, in the extreme south, by the Kasaï river basin. Although most of the former, scarce inhabitants have been relocated, some small settlements remain within the park. No tourist facilities are present and the development of tourism is seriously hampered by the remoteness of the site. Average annual rainfall varies between 2,000 mm in the north (Boende) to 1,700 mm in the south (Lukenie); rainfall is largely constant throughout the year, with a slight decrease in June–August.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 3 for key species. There are few data, but Afropavo congensis is known to occur.

Non-bird biodiversity: No systematic survey has been undertaken. Pan paniscus (EN) is known to occur. Other mammals of global conservation concern include Lophocebus aterrimus (LR/nt) (probably endemic to the left bank of the Congo river), Loxodonta africana (EN), Tragelaphus spekii (LR/nt) and Hyemoschus aquaticus (DD).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Trachyphonus purpuratus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Sladen's Barbet Gymnobucco sladeni resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Speckled Tinkerbird Pogoniulus scolopaceus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-rumped Tinkerbird Pogoniulus atroflavus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Tinkerbird Pogoniulus subsulphureus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Barbet Buccanodon duchaillui resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Hairy-breasted Barbet Tricholaema hirsuta resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Congo Peafowl Afropavo congensis resident  2000  present  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Forest Francolin Peliperdix lathami resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Hartlaub's Duck Pteronetta hartlaubii resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spot-breasted Ibis Bostrychia rara resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-crested Tiger-heron Tigriornis leucolopha resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Congo Serpent-eagle Dryotriorchis spectabilis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-flanked Sparrowhawk Accipiter castanilius resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-legged Sparrowhawk Accipiter erythropus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Hawk Urotriorchis macrourus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Hawk-eagle Aquila africana resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura pulchra resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Nkulengu Rail Himantornis haematopus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-throated Rail Canirallus oculeus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Afep Pigeon Columba unicincta resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Bronze-naped Pigeon Columba iriditorques resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Wood-dove Turtur brehmeri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-collared Lovebird Agapornis swindernianus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Psittacus erithacus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Dusky Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx mechowi resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Olive Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx olivinus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Cuckoo Chrysococcyx flavigularis resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Gabon Coucal Centropus anselli resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bubo poensis resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Sandy Scops-owl Otus icterorhynchus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Akun Eagle-owl Bubo leucostictus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Vermiculated Fishing-owl Scotopelia bouvieri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Maned Owl Jubula lettii resident  2000  unknown  A3  Data Deficient 
Red-chested Owlet Glaucidium tephronotum resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Sjostedt's Owlet Glaucidium sjostedti resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Nightjar Veles binotatus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Bates's Nightjar Caprimulgus batesi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sabine's Spinetail Rhaphidura sabini resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Spinetail Neafrapus cassini resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bare-cheeked Trogon Apaloderma aequatoriale resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Roller Eurystomus gularis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chocolate-backed Kingfisher Halcyon badia resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Dwarf-kingfisher Ispidina lecontei resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Kingfisher Corythornis leucogaster resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black Bee-eater Merops gularis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Merops muelleri resident  2000  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Bycanistes fistulator resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tropicranus albocristatus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tockus fasciatus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tockus hartlaubi resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Dwarf Hornbill Lophoceros camurus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-thighed Hornbill Bycanistes albotibialis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna atrata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Honeybird Prodotiscus insignis resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Honeyguide Indicator maculatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Willcocks's Honeyguide Indicator willcocksi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lyre-tailed Honeyguide Melichneutes robustus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Dendropicos gabonensis resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
African Piculet Verreauxia africana resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-spotted Woodpecker Campethera nivosa resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-eared Woodpecker Campethera caroli resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-crested Woodpecker Dendropicos xantholophus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-sided Broadbill Smithornis rufolateralis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Shrike-flycatcher Megabyas flammulatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut Wattle-eye Platysteira castanea resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-spotted Wattle-eye Platysteira tonsa resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-bellied Helmet-shrike Prionops caniceps resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Large-billed Puffback Dryoscopus sabini resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Sooty Boubou Laniarius leucorhynchus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Blue Cuckooshrike Coracina azurea resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Black-headed Oriole Oriolus brachyrhynchus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-winged Oriole Oriolus nigripennis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Shining Drongo Dicrurus atripennis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufiventer resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Crested-flycatcher Trochocercus nitens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-vented Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufocinerea resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Crested-flycatcher Elminia nigromitrata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-capped Flycatcher Erythrocercus mccallii resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Tit Parus funereus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Forest Penduline-tit Anthoscopus flavifrons resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Tit-hylia Pholidornis rushiae resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Square-tailed Saw-wing Psalidoprocne nitens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Blue Swallow Hirundo nigrita resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chattering Cisticola Cisticola anonymus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Apalis rufogularis resident  2000  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Gosling's Apalis Apalis goslingi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-browed Camaroptera Camaroptera superciliaris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Olive-green Camaroptera Camaroptera chloronota resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Greenbul Andropadus gracilis resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Ansorge's Greenbul Andropadus ansorgei resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Greenbul Andropadus curvirostris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden Greenbul Calyptocichla serina resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Honeyguide Greenbul Baeopogon indicator resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Greenbul Baeopogon clamans resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Greenbul Ixonotus guttatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Swamp Greenbul Thescelocichla leucopleura resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Leaf-love Pyrrhurus scandens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Icterine Greenbul Phyllastrephus icterinus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Common Bristlebill Bleda syndactylus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lesser Bristlebill Bleda notatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-tailed Bulbul Criniger calurus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Nicator Nicator chloris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Nicator Nicator vireo resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow Longbill Macrosphenus flavicans resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Longbill Macrosphenus concolor resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Violet-backed Hyliota Hyliota violacea resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Hylia Hylia prasina resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-crowned Eremomela Eremomela badiceps resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Green Crombec Sylvietta virens resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Lemon-bellied Crombec Sylvietta denti resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Scaly-breasted Illadopsis Illadopsis albipectus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Illadopsis Illadopsis fulvescens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple-headed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureiceps resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-winged Starling Onychognathus fulgidus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Ant-thrush Neocossyphus poensis resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Flycatcher-thrush Stizorhina fraseri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Alethe diademata resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Forest Robin Stiphrornis erythrothorax resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
African Forest Flycatcher Fraseria ocreata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Forest Flycatcher Fraseria cinerascens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sooty Flycatcher Muscicapa infuscata resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Olivaceous Flycatcher Muscicapa olivascens resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-footed Flycatcher Muscicapa sethsmithi resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky-blue Flycatcher Muscicapa comitata resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Grey Flycatcher Muscicapa cassini resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-throated Tit-flycatcher Myioparus griseigularis resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Scarlet-tufted Sunbird Anthreptes fraseri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Violet-tailed Sunbird Anthreptes aurantium resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Sunbird Anthreptes rectirostris resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Little Green Sunbird Nectarinia seimundi resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Bates's Sunbird Nectarinia batesi resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Reichenbach's Sunbird Nectarinia reichenbachii resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Brown Sunbird Nectarinia cyanolaema resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green-throated Sunbird Nectarinia rubescens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tiny Sunbird Nectarinia minulla resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Johanna's Sunbird Nectarinia johannae resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Superb Sunbird Nectarinia superba resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Orange Weaver Ploceus aurantius resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Vieillot's Black Weaver Ploceus nigerrimus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-mantled Weaver Ploceus tricolor resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Red-crowned Malimbe Malimbus coronatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Malimbe Malimbus cassini resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-bellied Malimbe Malimbus erythrogaster resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Gray's Malimbe Malimbus nitens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Crested Malimbe Malimbus malimbicus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-headed Malimbe Malimbus rubricollis resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Jameson's Antpecker Parmoptila jamesoni resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita fusconotus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita bicolor resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Pale-fronted Negrofinch Nigrita luteifrons resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Grant's Bluebill Spermophaga poliogenys resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Western Bluebill Spermophaga haematina resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2001 medium not assessed low
  unset
-

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  Unknown  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Parc National de la Salonga Parc National 1,612,007 is identical to site 3,656,000  
Salonga National Park World Heritage Site 3,600,000 protected area contained by site 3,600,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   99%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting -
nature conservation and research -
other -
Notes: Fire-wood collection.

References Cruickshank and Gautier (undated), Davis et al. (1994), d’Huart (1988), IUCN (1990), UNESCO et al. (1987), Van Krunkelsven et al. (2000).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Salonga National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/12/2014

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