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Location Congo, The Democratic Republic of the, Bas-Congo
Central coordinates 13o 10.00' East  5o 35.00' South
IBA criteria A3
Area 32,714 ha
Altitude 150 - 500m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description Luki is an area of lowland forest which forms part of the Mayombe forest block near the Atlantic coast in the extreme western part of the country. The reserve lies to the north of the town of Boma and is part of the Luki river basin. Habitats include gallery forest, secondary forest (mature forest with Terminalia superba and Xylopia spp.; young secondary with Musanga cecropioides, Xylopia aethiopica and Corynanthe paniculata), wooded savanna (Hyparrhenia spp. etc.), secondary bush and areas with vegetable farming. Slopes are often very steep, especially in the centre of the reserve. There are four settlements within the reserve and in its immediate environs. There is a rainy season from October to April and annual rainfall averages between 1,155 mm and 1,818 mm.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Plumed Guineafowl Guttera plumifera resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Forest Francolin Francolinus lathami resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Hartlaub's Duck Pteronetta hartlaubii resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Spot-breasted Ibis Bostrychia rara resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-crested Tiger-heron Tigriornis leucolopha resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Congo Serpent-eagle Dryotriorchis spectabilis resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-flanked Sparrowhawk Accipiter castanilius resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Hawk Urotriorchis macrourus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Hawk-eagle Aquila africanus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura pulchra resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Nkulengu Rail Himantornis haematopus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-throated Rail Canirallus oculeus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Afep Pigeon Columba unicincta resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Western Bronze-naped Pigeon Columba iriditorques resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Wood-dove Turtur brehmeri resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Psittacus erithacus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Not Recognised 
Guinea Turaco Tauraco persa resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Turaco Tauraco macrorhynchus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Cuckoo Chrysococcyx flavigularis resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Gabon Coucal Centropus anselli resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Fraser's Eagle-owl Bubo poensis resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Akun Eagle-owl Bubo leucostictus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Vermiculated Fishing-owl Scotopelia bouvieri resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Maned Owl Jubula lettii resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Data Deficient 
Sabine's Spinetail Rhaphidura sabini resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Spinetail Neafrapus cassini resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Roller Eurystomus gularis resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Chocolate-backed Kingfisher Halcyon badia resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
African Dwarf-kingfisher Ceyx lecontei resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Kingfisher Alcedo leucogaster resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black Bee-eater Merops gularis resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rosy Bee-eater Merops malimbicus breeding  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-billed Dwarf Hornbill Tockus camurus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
African Pied Hornbill Tockus fasciatus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-crested Hornbill Tropicranus albocristatus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Piping Hornbill Bycanistes fistulator resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna atrata resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Naked-faced Barbet Gymnobucco calvus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Bristle-nosed Barbet Gymnobucco peli resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Speckled Tinkerbird Pogoniulus scolopaceus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-rumped Tinkerbird Pogoniulus atroflavus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Tinkerbird Pogoniulus subsulphureus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Barbet Buccanodon duchaillui resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Hairy-breasted Barbet Tricholaema hirsuta resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Barbet Trachyphonus purpuratus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Honeyguide Prodotiscus insignis resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Honeyguide Indicator maculatus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Lyre-tailed Honeyguide Melichneutes robustus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-spotted Woodpecker Campethera nivosa resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-eared Woodpecker Campethera caroli resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Gabon Woodpecker Dendropicos gabonensis resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Golden-crowned Woodpecker Thripias xantholophus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-sided Broadbill Smithornis rufolateralis resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
African Shrike-flycatcher Megabyas flammulatus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut Wattle-eye Platysteira castanea resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-bellied Helmet-shrike Prionops caniceps resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Fiery-breasted Bush-shrike Malaconotus cruentus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-eyed Puffback Dryoscopus senegalensis resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Large-billed Puffback Dryoscopus sabini resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Sooty Boubou Laniarius leucorhynchus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Blue Cuckooshrike Coracina azurea resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Petit's Cuckooshrike Campephaga petiti resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Western Black-headed Oriole Oriolus brachyrhynchus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-winged Oriole Oriolus nigripennis resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Shining Drongo Dicrurus atripennis resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufiventer resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Crested-flycatcher Trochocercus nitens resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-vented Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufocinerea resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-capped Flycatcher Erythrocercus mccallii resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Forest Penduline-tit Anthoscopus flavifrons resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Tit-hylia Pholidornis rushiae resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
African River-martin Pseudochelidon eurystomina breeding  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Data Deficient 
Square-tailed Saw-wing Psalidoprocne nitens resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Blue Swallow Hirundo nigrita resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Chattering Cisticola Cisticola anonymus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Apalis rufogularis resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Not Recognised 
Yellow-browed Camaroptera Camaroptera superciliaris resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Olive-green Camaroptera Camaroptera chloronota resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Greenbul Andropadus gracilis resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Ansorge's Greenbul Andropadus ansorgei resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Greenbul Andropadus curvirostris resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Golden Greenbul Calyptocichla serina resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Honeyguide Greenbul Baeopogon indicator resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Greenbul Ixonotus guttatus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Simple Greenbul Chlorocichla simplex resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-necked Greenbul Chlorocichla falkensteini resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Swamp Greenbul Thescelocichla leucopleura resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Icterine Greenbul Phyllastrephus icterinus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Common Bristlebill Bleda syndactylus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Lesser Bristlebill Bleda notatus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Green-backed Bulbul Criniger chloronotus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-tailed Bulbul Criniger calurus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Nicator Nicator chloris resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Nicator Nicator vireo resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow Longbill Macrosphenus flavicans resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Longbill Macrosphenus concolor resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Violet-backed Hyliota Hyliota violacea resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Green Hylia Hylia prasina resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-crowned Eremomela Eremomela badiceps resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Green Crombec Sylvietta virens resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Illadopsis Illadopsis fulvescens resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Purple-headed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureiceps resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-winged Starling Onychognathus fulgidus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Ant-thrush Neocossyphus poensis resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Flycatcher-thrush Stizorhina fraseri resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Alethe diademata resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Not Recognised 
African Forest Flycatcher Fraseria ocreata resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Forest Flycatcher Fraseria cinerascens resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Sooty Flycatcher Muscicapa infuscata resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Olivaceous Flycatcher Muscicapa olivascens resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Little Grey Flycatcher Muscicapa epulata resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-footed Flycatcher Muscicapa sethsmithi resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky-blue Flycatcher Muscicapa comitata resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Tessmann's Flycatcher Muscicapa tessmanni resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Data Deficient 
Cassin's Grey Flycatcher Muscicapa cassini resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Scarlet-tufted Sunbird Anthreptes fraseri resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Mouse-brown Sunbird Anthreptes gabonicus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Green Sunbird Anthreptes rectirostris resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Little Green Sunbird Nectarinia seimundi resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Reichenbach's Sunbird Nectarinia reichenbachii resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Brown Sunbird Nectarinia cyanolaema resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Carmelite Sunbird Nectarinia fuliginosa resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Green-throated Sunbird Nectarinia rubescens resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Tiny Sunbird Nectarinia minulla resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Johanna's Sunbird Nectarinia johannae resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Superb Sunbird Nectarinia superba resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Vieillot's Black Weaver Ploceus nigerrimus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-mantled Weaver Ploceus tricolor resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Malimbe Malimbus cassini resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Crested Malimbe Malimbus malimbicus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-headed Malimbe Malimbus rubricollis resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Woodhouse's Antpecker Parmoptila woodhousei resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita fusconotus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita bicolor resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Pale-fronted Negrofinch Nigrita luteifrons resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Western Bluebill Spermophaga haematina resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Luki Forest Reserve 33,000 protected area contains site 32,714  
Réserve forestière de Luki UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 32,968 protected area contains site 32,714  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Unknown   1%
Savanna   1%
Forest   95%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
water management -

Other biodiversity Large mammals have become scarce because of heavy hunting pressure and some (e.g. monkeys) have almost disappeared. Some 1,034 plant taxa have been recorded; the Mayombe forest is floristically very different from the forests in the central basin.

References Davis et al. (1994), IUCN (1990).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Luki Forest Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/04/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife