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Location Botswana, Central
Central coordinates 27o 30.00' East  22o 40.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A4ii
Area 75,000 ha
Altitude 1,000 m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

BirdLife Botswana (Partner Designate)

Site description The Tswapong Hills lie in the hardveld of eastern Botswana, east of the town of Palapye. They arise from a sandy plain dominated by mopane woodland. The hills, which extend for 67 km in an east–west direction, are mainly sandstone and on the steeper slopes the vegetation is dominated by Croton. There are gorges with precipitous cliffs and seasonal streams, and exposed rock faces around the edge of the hills and along some watercourses.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Southern Pochard Netta erythrophthalma winter  800-1,500 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Cape Vulture Gyps coprotheres resident  300 breeding pairs  A1, A4ii  Vulnerable 
Cape Vulture Gyps coprotheres winter  600 individuals  A4ii  Vulnerable 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   34%
Shrubland   27%
Forest   37%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
tourism/recreation -
other -
Notes: Harvesting natural products.

Other biodiversity Two species or subspecies of butterflies are endemic to the Tswapong Hills.

References Borello and Borello (1993), Leggett (1996).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Tswapong Hills. Downloaded from on 31/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife