|Central coordinates||2o 23.00' East 6o 45.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A3, A4i|
|Altitude||0 - 10m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description Lake Nokoué is an extensive lagoon of c.16,000 ha extent, 20 km wide by 11 km long (north to south), immediately north of Cotonou. Its northern shore is formed by the deltas of the So and Ouémé rivers. It is connected to the sea not only via a channel through Cotonou, but also by another to the Lagune de Porto-Novo to the east and thence to the coast in Nigeria. On the western edge is the remarkable aquatic town of Ganvié, built on stilts made of bamboo or tree-trunks sunk into the water. The southern edge of the lake has the highest salinity, and is fringed with Typha australis as well as the ubiquitous grass Paspalum vaginatum. The proposed IBA includes not only the lake itself but also the seasonally inundated forest (Berlinia grandiflora and Dalium guineense), swamp-forest (Mitragyna inermis and Raphia hookeri), marshes and flood-plains of rivers north of it, up the Ouémé river as far as the village of Sagon, 10 km south-east of Zangnanado.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|African Openbill Anastomus lamelligerus||winter||1996||1,020 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|White-crested Tiger-heron Tigriornis leucolopha||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Black Tern Chlidonias niger||winter||1997||2,451 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Rosy Bee-eater Merops malimbicus||breeding||1998||unknown||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Tockus fasciatus||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Not Recognised|
|Chestnut-winged Starling Onychognathus fulgidus||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Vieillot's Black Weaver Ploceus nigerrimus||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Red-vented Malimbe Malimbus scutatus||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Red-headed Malimbe Malimbus rubricollis||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Basse Vallée de l'Ouémé, Lagune de Porto-Novo, Lac Nokoué||Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar)||91,600||protected area contains site||90,000|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||5%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
Other biodiversity Small numbers of Tragelaphus spekii (LR/nt) are thought to persist but hunting pressure is intense. There are also records of Cercopithecus erythrogaster (VU) and Trichechus senegalensis (VU).
References Brunel (1958), Hagemeijer et al. (2000a,b), Wetlands International (1997, 1998).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lake Nokoué. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/08/2014
To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife