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Location Benin, Atacora
Central coordinates 1o 30.00' East  11o 15.00' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 275,500 ha
Altitude 160 - 423m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description The Boucle de Pendjari National Park is situated in the north-west of the country, against the international frontier with Burkina Faso, where it is contiguous with the Arli–W–Singou protected area complex (IBA BF008). The south-eastern boundary of the park is formed by the quartzite cliffs of the Atacora Hills. The park itself is flat (c.175 m), apart from the Buém hills in the east, which reach 423 m, and a second group of hills to the south-west. The park is bounded on three sides by the perennial Pendjari river, which rises in the Atacora Hills south of the park, before draining into the Oti river which flows into Togo and Ghana. The course of the Pendjari along the northern edge of the park forms the international border with Burkina Faso. The main habitats include Sudan and Northern Guinea savannas. There are extensive areas of open grasslands dominated by Acacia sieberiana and Mitragyna inermis or by Terminalia macroptera. There is good gallery forest, the Bondjago forest, beside the Pendjari river at the base of the Atacora Hills, and the river is fringed elsewhere by Parinari congensis, Cola laurifolia, Syzygium guineense and Pterocarpus santalinoides. Marshy areas occur next to the river where there are also stands of Borassus aethiopum, Daniella oliveri, Anogeissus leiocarpus and Terminalia spp. Average annual rainfall is c.1,100 mm.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 2 for key species. Circus macrourus and Falco naumanni are occasionally recorded and two species of the Guinea–Congo Forests biome (A05) also occur (see Table 2). Pendjari is notable for large, conspicuous species such as Anastomus lamelligerus, Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis, Ciconia abdimii, Neotis denhami and, seasonally, flocks of up to 60 Ciconia ciconia. In addition, Terathopius ecaudatus and Haliaeetus vocifer breed in trees along the Pendjari river, where Scotopelia peli has also been seen.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals of global conservation concern include Panthera leo (VU), Acinonyx jubatus (VU), Loxodonta africana (EN), Damaliscus lunatus korrigum (LR/cd) and Cephalophus rufilatus (LR/cd).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Bearded Barbet Pogonornis dubius resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fox Kestrel Falco alopex resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Senegal Parrot Poicephalus senegalus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Violet Turaco Musophaga violacea resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-bellied Roller Coracias cyanogaster resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-throated Bee-eater Merops bulocki resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Shrike Corvinella corvina resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Piapiac Ptilostomus afer resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow Penduline-tit Anthoscopus parvulus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pied-winged Swallow Hirundo leucosoma resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Senegal Eremomela Eremomela pusilla resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blackcap Babbler Turdoides reinwardii resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-crowned Robin-chat Cossypha albicapilla resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bush Petronia Petronia dentata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-winged Pytilia Pytilia phoenicoptera resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-faced Pytilia Pytilia hypogrammica resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lavender Waxbill Estrilda caerulescens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-rumped Waxbill Estrilda troglodytes resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Togo Paradise-whydah Vidua togoensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2001 medium favourable medium
Habitat
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - agro-industry grazing, ranching or farmin happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather drought likely in short term (within 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Savanna   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Atakora Hunting Zone 122,000 protected area overlaps with site 0  
Boucle de la Pendjari National Park 275,500 is identical to site 275,500  
Pendjari Hunting Zone 175,000 protected area contained by site 175,000  
Reserve de la biosphére de la Pendjari UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 880,000 protected area contains site 275,500  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Savanna   99%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -

References Green and Sayer (1979), Sayer and Green (1984), Thonnerieux (1985), WCMC (1993).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Pendjari National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/12/2014

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