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Location Burundi, Bururi
Central coordinates 29o 35.82' East  3o 56.22' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 1,500 ha
Altitude 1,900 - 2,307m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Association Burundaise pour la Protection des Oiseaux (Partner Designate)



Site description Bururi Forest is situated on the extreme southern edge of the Congo–Nile divide and is a small patch of forest lying immediately west of the town of Bururi in south-western Burundi. Although the reserve is 3,300 ha, the remaining semi-evergreen forest covers only some 1,600 ha. At least 93 tree species occur, with Strombosia and Myrianthus spp. dominant and Tabernaemontana, Newtonia and Entandrophragma spp. also common. The area is situated at a biogeographic crossroads such that, in addition to holding many plant and animal species of the montane forests of the Congo–Nile divide, it contains elements associated with the Zambezian region to the south, the drier savanna areas of the east and even the lowland evergreen forests of DR Congo. Annual rainfall varies from 1,200 mm to 2,400 mm.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Tables 2 and 3 for key species. A total of 87 bird species have been recorded, including Apalis argentea, common in some parts. Bururi is also the type-locality for Alethe poliocephala vandeweghei. In addition, two species of the Guinea–Congo Forests biome, one of the Lake Victoria Basin biome and one of the Zambezian biome have been recorded (see Table 3).

Non-bird biodiversity: There is a population of some 30 Pan troglodytes (EN).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Buteo oreophilus resident  1999  rare  A3  Not Recognised 
Dusky Turtle-dove Streptopelia lugens resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Caprimulgus ruwenzorii resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Not Recognised 
Scarce Swift Schoutedenapus myoptilus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cinnamon-chested Bee-eater Merops oreobates resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Campethera tullbergi resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Ruwenzori Batis Batis diops resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Doherty's Bush-shrike Telophorus dohertyi resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mountain Boubou Laniarius poensis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Cuckooshrike Coracina caesia resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-tailed Oriole Oriolus percivali resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Crested-flycatcher Elminia albonotata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chubb's Cisticola Cisticola chubbi resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Collared Apalis Oreolais ruwenzorii resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Apalis argentea resident  1999  present  A1, A2, A3  Not Recognised 
Chestnut-throated Apalis Apalis porphyrolaema resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Mountain Greenbul Andropadus nigriceps resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Shelley's Greenbul Andropadus masukuensis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bracken Warbler Bradypterus cinnamomeus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mountain Flycatcher-warbler Chloropeta similis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-faced Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus laetus resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Crombec Sylvietta leucophrys resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mountain Illadopsis Illadopsis pyrrhoptera resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-chested Babbler Kakamega poliothorax resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Hill Babbler Pseudoalcippe abyssinica resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sharpe's Starling Cinnyricinclus sharpii resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Waller's Starling Onychognathus walleri resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Slender-billed Starling Onychognathus tenuirostris resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Stuhlmann's Starling Poeoptera stuhlmanni resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Zoothera tanganjicae resident  1999  present  A1, A2, A3  Not Recognised 
Red-throated Alethe Alethe poliophrys resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Equatorial Akalat Sheppardia aequatorialis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-eyed Slaty Flycatcher Dioptrornis fischeri resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Sunbird Nectarinia alinae resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Northern Double-collared Sunbird Nectarinia preussi resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Regal Sunbird Nectarinia regia resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Purple-breasted Sunbird Nectarinia purpureiventris resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Bronze Sunbird Nectarinia kilimensis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Baglafecht Weaver Ploceus baglafecht resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-billed Weaver Ploceus melanogaster resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Strange Weaver Ploceus alienus resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Red-faced Crimson-wing Cryptospiza reichenovii resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Crimson-wing Cryptospiza jacksoni resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Twinspot Euschistospiza cinereovinacea resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Swee Waxbill Estrilda melanotis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-browed Citril Serinus frontalis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Serinus striolatus resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Thick-billed Seedeater Serinus burtoni resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2010 medium favourable medium
Habitat
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration low
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Invasive and other problematic species and genes introduced genetic material happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of ground water (domestic use) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Pollution garbage & solid waste happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Forest   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bururi Forest Nature Reserve 3,300 is identical to site 1,500  

Local conservation groups The local conservation groups below are working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Dukingiribidukikije 2008
Dushigikiramashambayacu 2008
IDICN 2006
Ingotwungubumwe 2009

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   42%
Forest   57%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -

References Debonnet (1991), Wilson (1990).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Bururi Forest Nature Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife