Sites - Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs)
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Rusizi National Park
29o 14.46' East 3o 13.14' South
780 - 1,000m
Year of IBA assessment
Association Burundaise pour la Protection des Oiseaux (Partner Designate)
Site description Rusizi National Park is located north-west of Bujumbura against the international frontier with DR Congo. It is made up of two parts; a strip of flood-plain about 2 km wide and 35 km long beside the east bank of the Rusizi river and, to the south, a smaller area comprising the delta of the Rusizi at the point where it enters Lake Tanganyika. The two parts are separated by the main Bujumbura–Uvira road. The delta is a mixture of islands and channels covered locally by Phragmites and papyrus. An important feature of the northern part of the reserve are the stands of the fire-resistant palm Hyphaene benguellensis ventricosa. Other dominant species are Acacia albida, Balanites aegyptiaca and Euphorbia candelabrum. There are several ponds of varying size in the northern section.
Key Biodiversity See Box for key species. The site supports a wide diversity of waterbirds, particularly migrant species. Ardeola idae, Phoenicopterus minor, Circus macrourus, Falco naumanni, Gallinago media and Glareola nordmanni have all been recorded. In addition to those listed below, other counts include 300 Phoenicopterus minor, 200 Plegadis falcinellus and 2,000 Dendrocygna viduata. In addition, one species of the Guinea–Congo Forests biome, two of the Lake Victoria Basin biome, three of the Afrotropical Highlands biome and two of the Zambezian biome have also been recorded (see Table 3).
Non-bird biodiversity: The ungulate Tragelaphus spekii (LR/nt) has been recorded.