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Location Burundi, Babanza,Bujumbura
Central coordinates 29o 14.46' East  3o 13.14' South
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 6,200 ha
Altitude 780 - 1,000m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Association Burundaise pour la Protection des Oiseaux (Partner Designate)

Site description Rusizi National Park is located north-west of Bujumbura against the international frontier with DR Congo. It is made up of two parts; a strip of flood-plain about 2 km wide and 35 km long beside the east bank of the Rusizi river and, to the south, a smaller area comprising the delta of the Rusizi at the point where it enters Lake Tanganyika. The two parts are separated by the main Bujumbura–Uvira road. The delta is a mixture of islands and channels covered locally by Phragmites and papyrus. An important feature of the northern part of the reserve are the stands of the fire-resistant palm Hyphaene benguellensis ventricosa. Other dominant species are Acacia albida, Balanites aegyptiaca and Euphorbia candelabrum. There are several ponds of varying size in the northern section.

Key Biodiversity See Box for key species. The site supports a wide diversity of waterbirds, particularly migrant species. Ardeola idae, Phoenicopterus minor, Circus macrourus, Falco naumanni, Gallinago media and Glareola nordmanni have all been recorded. In addition to those listed below, other counts include 300 Phoenicopterus minor, 200 Plegadis falcinellus and 2,000 Dendrocygna viduata. In addition, one species of the Guinea–Congo Forests biome, two of the Lake Victoria Basin biome, three of the Afrotropical Highlands biome and two of the Zambezian biome have also been recorded (see Table 3).

Non-bird biodiversity: The ungulate Tragelaphus spekii (LR/nt) has been recorded.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus winter  1999  4,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
African Skimmer Rynchops flavirostris winter  1999  500 individuals  A1, A4i  Near Threatened 

IBA Monitoring

2013 high not assessed medium

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  Unknown  The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Delta de la Rusizi de la Réserve Naturelle de la Rusizi et la partie nord de la zone littorale du lac Tanganyika Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 1,000 protected area contained by site 1,000  
Rusizi National Park 9,000 is identical to site 6,200  
Rusizi Nature Reserve 5,456 protected area contained by site 5,456  

Local conservation groups The local conservation groups below are working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Ingoga (Beekeepers) 2003
Dukingiribidukikije 2005
Ingege (Fishermen) 2003


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   23%
Shrubland   18%
Grassland   7%
Forest   50%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -

References Debonnet (1991), Verschuren (1977), Wilson (1990).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Rusizi National Park. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

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