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Location Burundi, Bubanza,Cibitoke,Kayanza,Muramvya
Central coordinates 29o 26.10' East  2o 55.02' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 37,000 ha
Altitude 1,600 - 2,666m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Association Burundaise pour la Protection des Oiseaux (Partner Designate)



Site description Located in north-western Burundi, Kibira National Park lies along the north–south-oriented mountains of Congo–Nile divide. It extends from theborder with Rwanda almost as far south as the town of Muramvya. Kibira is contiguous with Nyungwe forest in Rwanda (RW007) and, with it, forms a montane forest block of some 130,000 ha. Most of the remaining primary forest is found on the wetter, western mountain slopes. It is estimated that not more than 16% consists of primary evergreen forest. Dominant tree species include Symphonia globulifera, Newtonia buchananii, Albizia gummifera and Entandrophragma excelsum. There are also areas of montane bog and bamboo, Arundinaria alpina. Annual rainfall varies from 1,400 mm to 2,000 mm.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Handsome Francolin Pternistis nobilis resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Buteo oreophilus resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Dusky Turtle-dove Streptopelia lugens resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ruwenzori Turaco Gallirex johnstoni resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Caprimulgus ruwenzorii resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Not Recognised 
Scarce Swift Schoutedenapus myoptilus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-tailed Trogon Apaloderma vittatum resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cinnamon-chested Bee-eater Merops oreobates resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Campethera tullbergi resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Ruwenzori Batis Batis diops resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Doherty's Bush-shrike Telophorus dohertyi resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mountain Boubou Laniarius poensis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Cuckooshrike Coracina caesia resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-tailed Oriole Oriolus percivali resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Crested-flycatcher Elminia albiventris resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Crested-flycatcher Elminia albonotata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Stripe-breasted Tit Parus fasciiventer resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Chubb's Cisticola Cisticola chubbi resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Collared Apalis Oreolais ruwenzorii resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-faced Apalis Apalis personata resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Apalis argentea resident  1999  present  A1, A2, A3  Not Recognised 
Chestnut-throated Apalis Apalis porphyrolaema resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Mountain Greenbul Andropadus nigriceps resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Shelley's Greenbul Andropadus masukuensis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Neumann's Warbler Hemitesia neumanni resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Grauer's Swamp-warbler Bradypterus graueri resident  1999  present  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Bracken Warbler Bradypterus cinnamomeus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mountain Flycatcher-warbler Chloropeta similis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-faced Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus laetus resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Grauer's Warbler Graueria vittata resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Crombec Sylvietta leucophrys resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-collared Mountain-babbler Kupeornis rufocinctus resident  1999  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Mountain Illadopsis Illadopsis pyrrhoptera resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-chested Babbler Kakamega poliothorax resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Hill Babbler Pseudoalcippe abyssinica resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sharpe's Starling Cinnyricinclus sharpii resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Waller's Starling Onychognathus walleri resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Slender-billed Starling Onychognathus tenuirostris resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Stuhlmann's Starling Poeoptera stuhlmanni resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Zoothera tanganjicae resident  1999  present  A1, A2, A3  Not Recognised 
Red-throated Alethe Alethe poliophrys resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Equatorial Akalat Sheppardia aequatorialis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Robin-chat Cossyphicula roberti resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Archer's Robin-chat Cossypha archeri resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-eyed Black Flycatcher Melaenornis ardesiacus resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-eyed Slaty Flycatcher Dioptrornis fischeri resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Sunbird Nectarinia alinae resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Northern Double-collared Sunbird Nectarinia preussi resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Regal Sunbird Nectarinia regia resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Purple-breasted Sunbird Nectarinia purpureiventris resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Bronze Sunbird Nectarinia kilimensis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Baglafecht Weaver Ploceus baglafecht resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-billed Weaver Ploceus melanogaster resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Strange Weaver Ploceus alienus resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Brown-capped Weaver Ploceus insignis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-faced Crimson-wing Cryptospiza reichenovii resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Abyssinian Crimson-wing Cryptospiza salvadorii resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Crimson-wing Cryptospiza jacksoni resident  1999  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Shelley's Crimson-wing Cryptospiza shelleyi resident  1999  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Dusky Twinspot Euschistospiza cinereovinacea resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Swee Waxbill Estrilda melanotis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-browed Citril Serinus frontalis resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Serinus striolatus resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Thick-billed Seedeater Serinus burtoni resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Oriole Finch Linurgus olivaceus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kibira National Park 40,000 is identical to site 37,870  

Local conservation groups The local conservation groups below are working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Twizeyegukira 2003
Shirukubute 2004
Dukingirikibirakiratuzigamye 2004
Abahuzamugambi 2004
Ntwarirakumaguru 2008

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   1%
Savanna   1%
Forest   96%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
nature conservation and research -

Other biodiversity Several species of primate occur, including Pan troglodytes (EN), Colobus angolensis ruwenzorii (VU), Cercopithecus l’hoesti (LR/nt) and C. mitis kandti (EN), while the presence of C. hamlyni (LR/nt) is unconfirmed.

References Debonnet (1991), Wilson (1990).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kibira National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/08/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife