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Location Angola, Huíla
Central coordinates 13o 24.00' East  14o 50.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 4,000 ha
Altitude 2,200 m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description The site lies about 15 km north-west of the town of Lubango. Apart from the spectacular scenery, with sheer cliff-faces hundreds of metres high, the area includes patches of relict Afromontane forest in a mosaic of undifferentiated montane communities. Patches of Podocarpus milanjensis occur in deep humid ravines and at altitudes above 1,800 m (Huntley and Matos 1994), and there is open Protea savanna and montane grasslands, quartzite formations and bracken Pteridium on the top of the escarpment, thickets along streams, poorly drained grassy patches in valleys, and dry woodlands at the bottom of the altitudinal gradient, providing a large range of bird habitats within a relatively small area. Tree genera include Podocarpus, Pittosporum, Olea and Ilex on the higher elevations, with such species as Adansonia digitata and Acacia welwitschii at the bottom of the escarpment. There are small patches of miombo woodland (dominated by Brachystegia and Julbernardia) on sands on the plateau at the top of the escarpment.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Western Green Tinkerbird Pogoniulus coryphaea resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-backed Mousebird Colius castanotus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Wren-warbler Camaroptera undosa resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-capped Crombec Sylvietta ruficapilla resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Meves's Glossy-starling Lamprotornis mevesii resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Kurrichane Thrush Turdus libonyanus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Angola Cave-chat Xenocopsychus ansorgei resident  1998  present  A1, A2, A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Rock-thrush Monticola angolensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Angola Slaty Flycatcher Dioptrornis brunneus resident  1998  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted Sunbird Nectarinia talatala resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Double-collared Sunbird Nectarinia manoensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bronze Sunbird Nectarinia kilimensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-backed Sparrow-weaver Plocepasser rufoscapulatus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cinderella Waxbill Estrilda thomensis resident  1998  present  A1, A2  Least Concern 
Swee Waxbill Estrilda melanotis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fuelleborn's Longclaw Macronyx fuellebornii resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   33%
Grassland   37%
Forest   27%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
tourism/recreation -

Other biodiversity No information is available on the mammal fauna.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Tundavala. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/08/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife