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Location Angola, Bengo
Central coordinates 13o 9.00' East  9o 19.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 996,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 150m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description Quiçama National Park extends along 110 km of the Angolan coast, with the estuary of the Cuanza river forming the north-western boundary of the park. It holds a diversity of bird habitats, including the most southerly patch of extensive mangrove forest in the country (in the Cuanza estuary), the extensive Cuanza flood-plain, dense communities of raffia palm Raphia on permanently waterlogged islands in the river, lowland riverine forests, rank flooded grassy patches, reedbeds, swamps and extensive sandbars along the Cuanza river, extensive grasslands on the plateau, dry baobab-acacia (Adansonia-Acacia) woodland in the east of the park, and patches of broadleaved woodland. Dense thickets of Chrysobalanus, Drepanocarpus, Dalbergia, Leguncularia and Hibiscus occur along the river upstream from the mouth (Huntley and Matos 1994). The flood-plain of the lower Cuanza river has extensive communities of papyrus Cyperus, with Typha, Echinochloa and Phragmites on the margins.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Grey-striped Francolin Pternistis griseostriatus resident  1998  present  A1, A2, A3  Least Concern 
Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor winter  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Cape Gannet Morus capensis winter  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Damara Tern Sternula balaenarum winter  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Brown-eared Woodpecker Campethera caroli resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-fronted Wattle-eye Platysteira albifrons resident  1998  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Bubbling Cisticola Cisticola bulliens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-necked Greenbul Chlorocichla falkensteini resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pale-olive Greenbul Phyllastrephus fulviventris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Common Bristlebill Bleda syndactylus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Nicator Nicator vireo resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Crombec Sylvietta virens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Forest Scrub-robin Erythropygia leucosticta resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Carmelite Sunbird Nectarinia fuliginosa resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden-backed Bishop Euplectes aureus resident  1998  present  A1, A2  Least Concern 
Pale-billed Firefinch Lagonosticta landanae resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kisama (Quiçãma) National Park 950,000 protected area contained by site 950,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   24%
Grassland   55%
Forest   18%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
other -
Notes: Firewood collection.

Other biodiversity The mammal fauna includes Trichechus senegalensis (VU), which occurs in the lower course of the river, and large carnivores such as Lycaon pictus (EN), Acinonyx jubatus (VU) and Panthera leo (VU) (Cabral 1987; Cabral and Simões 1988). Up to the early 1970s the park had fairly robust populations of Loxodonta africana (EN) (Huntley 1974a), but the current status of the large herbivore populations is not known. Marine turtles nest on the park coast (Huntley 1974a).

References Huntley (1974a).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Quiçama. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/07/2014

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