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Location Angola, Luanda
Central coordinates 13o 16.00' East  8o 50.00' South
IBA criteria A1
Area 17,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 2m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Site description This is a long sand-spit, c.35 km long, lying parallel to the coast, with the northern tip about 10 km south-west of Luanda. The area includes several small islands, one of which (the Ilha dos Passaros) lies between Mussulo and the mainland. The vegetation is dominated by mangroves (Rhizophora mangle, Laguncularia racemosa and Avicenna germinans), with low-growing saltmarshes (Sesuvium portulacastrum, S. mesembritemoides and Salicornia sp.) and intertidal flats (Loutchanski 199).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Cape Gannet Morus capensis winter  common  A1  Vulnerable 
Damara Tern Sternula balaenarum winter  common  A1  Near Threatened 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   25%
Desert   75%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -

Other biodiversity None known to BirdLife International.

References Günther and Feiler (1986), Loutchanski (1997).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mussulo. Downloaded from on 18/09/2014

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