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Location Angola, Cuanza Norte
Central coordinates 15o 23.00' East  8o 11.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 20,000 ha
Altitude 1,265 m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description This is one of the few outliers of Guinea–Congo forest in Angola that occurs south of Cabinda, and the forest is probably most extensively developed in this general area (Airy Shaw 1947). Rainfall exceeds 1,400 mm per year. The dry season is from June to September, but the relative humidity remains high (at about 80%) throughout the year. Tree species include Ceiba pentandra, Bombax reflexum, at least seven species of Ficus, Chlorophora excelsa, Pterocarpus, Khaya, Elaeis, Newtonia, Albizia, Entandophragma and (surprisingly) Adansonia digitata in dry areas. Oil-palms Elaeis guineensis are common along watercourses and on the edges of clearings. According to Airy Shaw (1947), wild coffee shrubs (Coffea canephora and C. welwitschii) originally formed part of the understorey of these forests, but have long been replaced by commercial coffee cultivars. Arboreal creepers (Combretaceae and Platycerium) and climbing ferns (Gleichenia) are common in the forest. Creeping ferns on the forest floor include Microlepsis, Pteris, Tectaria and Marattia.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Hartlaub's Duck Pteronetta hartlaubii resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Congo Serpent-eagle Dryotriorchis spectabilis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Hawk-eagle Aquila africana resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura pulchra resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Afep Pigeon Columba unicincta resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Bronze-naped Pigeon Columba iriditorques resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Turaco Tauraco persa resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx mechowi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Olive Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx olivinus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Gabon Coucal Centropus anselli resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Roller Eurystomus gularis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Dwarf-kingfisher Ispidina lecontei resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Kingfisher Corythornis leucogaster resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Bee-eater Merops gularis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bycanistes fistulator resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tockus fasciatus resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Black-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna atrata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Honeybird Prodotiscus insignis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Piculet Verreauxia africana resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-spotted Woodpecker Campethera nivosa resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-eared Woodpecker Campethera caroli resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-crested Woodpecker Dendropicos xantholophus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-sided Broadbill Smithornis rufolateralis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Shrike-flycatcher Megabyas flammulatus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut Wattle-eye Platysteira castanea resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Gabela Bush-shrike Laniarius amboimensis resident  1998  present  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Grey-green Bush-shrike Telophorus bocagei resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Orange-breasted Bush-shrike Laniarius brauni resident  1998  present  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Western Black-headed Oriole Oriolus brachyrhynchus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-winged Oriole Oriolus nigripennis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Crested-flycatcher Trochocercus nitens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-vented Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufocinerea resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tit-hylia Pholidornis rushiae resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chattering Cisticola Cisticola anonymus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bubbling Cisticola Cisticola bulliens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Masked Apalis Apalis binotata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Apalis rufogularis resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Yellow-browed Camaroptera Camaroptera superciliaris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Greenbul Andropadus curvirostris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Honeyguide Greenbul Baeopogon indicator resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Simple Greenbul Chlorocichla simplex resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-necked Greenbul Chlorocichla falkensteini resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Greenbul Phyllastrephus albigularis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Common Bristlebill Bleda syndactylus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Nicator Nicator vireo resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow Longbill Macrosphenus flavicans resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Hylia Hylia prasina resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-crowned Eremomela Eremomela badiceps resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Crombec Sylvietta virens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scaly-breasted Illadopsis Illadopsis albipectus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Illadopsis Illadopsis fulvescens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-winged Starling Onychognathus fulgidus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Narrow-tailed Starling Poeoptera lugubris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Ant-thrush Neocossyphus poensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Flycatcher-thrush Stizorhina fraseri resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sooty Flycatcher Muscicapa infuscata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky-blue Flycatcher Muscicapa comitata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Grey Flycatcher Muscicapa cassini resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-throated Tit-flycatcher Myioparus griseigularis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scarlet-tufted Sunbird Anthreptes fraseri resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Sunbird Anthreptes rectirostris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Little Green Sunbird Nectarinia seimundi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Brown Sunbird Nectarinia cyanolaema resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Carmelite Sunbird Nectarinia fuliginosa resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green-throated Sunbird Nectarinia rubescens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Superb Sunbird Nectarinia superba resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Vieillot's Black Weaver Ploceus nigerrimus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-mantled Weaver Ploceus tricolor resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Crested Malimbe Malimbus malimbicus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-headed Malimbe Malimbus rubricollis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita fusconotus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita bicolor resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pale-fronted Negrofinch Nigrita luteifrons resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pale-billed Firefinch Lagonosticta landanae resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Gymnobucco calvus resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Trachyphonus purpuratus resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Speckled Tinkerbird Pogoniulus scolopaceus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hairy-breasted Barbet Tricholaema hirsuta resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   11%
Savanna   3%
Forest   85%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
tourism/recreation -

Other biodiversity The antelope fauna should include such species as Cephalophus nigrifrons (LR/nt) and C. sylvicultor (LR/nt).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Camabatela. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife