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Location Angola, Huíla
Central coordinates 15o 4.00' East  13o 44.00' South
IBA criteria A3
Area 20,000 ha
Altitude 1,600 m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description The site comprises tall miombo woodland, interspersed with poorly drained grassy patches and grassy drainage lines, on the central plateau around the town of Caconda. No detailed climatic data for the area are available, but the site is situated in the 1,200 mm isohyet. The woodlands are dominated by Brachystegia spiciformis and Julbernardia paniculata, with B. floribunda, B. boehmii, B. wangermeeana and B. gossweileri locally dominant. Grasses of the genera Andropogon, Trachypogon and Tristachya occur in the narrow drainage lines, with Loudetia simplex dominant. The canopy is more or less continuous and the height varies from 4 m to 12 m. There is a sparse to moderate cover of shrubs and grass below the canopy, with wide breaks in the woodland along the drainage lines. These latter areas are generally fringed with scattered Uapaca, Piliostigma and Erythrina trees. Patches of nutrient-rich soil (old village sites) occur within the miombo woodland, usually with pioneer Acacia species and Dichrostachys cinerea trees. Burkea africana and Monotes species occur on sandy patches (probably previously cleared areas), further increasing the structural diversity of the woodland. There are no current data available on the condition of the woodland, or of the area generally.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Finsch's Francolin Francolinus finschi resident  1998    Least Concern 
Dickinson's Kestrel Falco dickinsoni resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Guinea Turaco Tauraco persa resident  1998    Least Concern 
Coppery-tailed Coucal Centropus cupreicaudus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Racket-tailed Roller Coracias spatulatus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Pale-billed Hornbill Tockus pallidirostris resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Anchieta's Barbet Stactolaema anchietae resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Barbet Tricholaema frontata resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Souza's Shrike Lanius souzae resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Tit Parus griseiventris resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-and-rufous Swallow Hirundo nigrorufa resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-throated Swallow Hirundo rufigula resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Angola Lark Mirafra angolensis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Chirping Cisticola Cisticola pipiens resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Wren-warbler Camaroptera undosa resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-necked Eremomela Eremomela atricollis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-capped Crombec Sylvietta ruficapilla resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Angola Babbler Turdoides hartlaubii resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Sharp-tailed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis acuticaudus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Babbling Starling Neocichla gutturalis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Kurrichane Thrush Turdus libonyanus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Scrub-robin Erythropygia barbata resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-headed Black-chat Myrmecocichla arnoti resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Rock-thrush Monticola angolensis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Angola Slaty Flycatcher Dioptrornis brunneus resident  1998    Least Concern 
Boehm's Flycatcher Muscicapa boehmi resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Anchieta's Sunbird Anthreptes anchietae resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Oustalet's Sunbird Nectarinia oustaleti resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Double-collared Sunbird Nectarinia manoensis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Bocage's Sunbird Nectarinia bocagii resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Bocage's Weaver Ploceus temporalis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-winged Weaver Ploceus angolensis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Firefinch Lagonosticta nitidula resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Fuelleborn's Longclaw Macronyx fuellebornii resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   18%
Shrubland   26%
Forest   54%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
other -
Notes: Charcoal production; firewood collection.

Other biodiversity There are no current data on the status of the large carnivores, but Lycaon pictus (EN) and Panthera leo (VU) have been recorded in the past (Cabral 1987; Cabral and Simões 1988). Bats that have been collected at this site include Epomophorus angolensis (LR/nt) (Cabral 1989).

Related state of the world's birds case studies

References Pinto (1970).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Caconda. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/04/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife