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Location Iceland, Eyjafjar-arsýsla
Central coordinates 18o 0.00' West  66o 33.00' North
IBA criteria A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B3
Area 2,300 ha
Altitude 0 - 105m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Fuglavernd - BirdLife Iceland (Partner Designate)

Site description An offshore island with sea cliffs and grasslands. Land-uses include sheep farming, fishing, tourism, collection of eggs of Uria aalge, and traditional harvesting of adult puffins Fratercula arctica.

Key Biodiversity Huge numbers of seabird breed; other common species include Fulmarus glacialis, Uria lomvia (c.7,100 pairs) and Sterna paradisaea (hundreds of pairs).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla breeding  1983  54,407 nests  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Common Murre Uria aalge breeding  1985  54,400-69,600 breeding pairs  good  B1ii  Least Concern 
Razorbill Alca torda breeding  1983-1985  26,300-38,800 breeding pairs  good  A4ii, B1ii, B3  Near Threatened 
Atlantic Puffin Fratercula arctica breeding  1999  20,000-49,999 breeding pairs  poor  B1ii  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds breeding  1983  100,000-499,999 individuals  good  A4iii   
A4iii Species group - seabirds breeding  1983-1999  100,000-499,999 breeding pairs  medium  A4iii   


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   20%
Sea Open Sea  60%
Coastline Sea cliffs and rocky shores  20%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
hunting -
tourism/recreation -

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Grímsey, Eyjafirdi. Downloaded from on 10/02/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife