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Location Bulgaria, Burgas
Central coordinates 27o 37.33' East  42o 35.42' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Area 948 ha
Altitude 0 - 9m
Year of IBA assessment 2005

Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds

Site description A hyper-saline lake on the Black Sea coast (a former coastal lagoon), most of which is utilized for salt production. There are shallow saltpans of varying salinity, separated by narrow dykes; a freshwater canal between the saltpans; freshwater marshes with rich vegetation; dry, saline areas covered by salt-tolerant vegetation; and a sand beach along the coast. The vegetation around the saltpans is dominated by Salicornia and Puccinellia, while Typha, Phragmites and Schoenoplectus dominate in the more freshwater areas. Most of the lake is used for artisanal (non-intensive) salt-production (`Other' land-use, below). There is a mud-cure establishment.

Key Biodiversity The lake is important for breeding Recurvirostra avosetta, migrating Pelecanus crispus and wintering Cygnus olor. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Phalacrocorax pygmeus (min. 24 in winter; max. 29 on passage), Aythya nyroca (max. 15 on passage), Oxyura leucocephala (3-5 in winter), Crex crex (occurs on passage). Significant proportion (³1%) of national population breeding at site: Ixobrychus minutus (5 pairs).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Mute Swan Cygnus olor winter  1997  4-635 individuals  good  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus passage  1996  100 individuals  medium  A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2  Vulnerable 
Spotted Crake Porzana porzana breeding  1998  1-9 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Himantopus himantopus breeding  2003  35 breeding pairs  good  C6  Not Recognised 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta breeding  1996  20-50 breeding pairs  good  B3, C6  Least Concern 
Charadrius alexandrinus breeding  1998  6-20 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis breeding  1999  176 breeding pairs  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Common Tern Sterna hirundo breeding  1996  30 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Little Tern Sternula albifrons breeding  2001  55 breeding pairs  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Pomorie Lake Protected Landscape 761 protected area contained by site 761  
Pomorie Wetland Complex Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 814 protected area contained by site 814  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish and salt water; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  5%
Coastline Lagoons; Sand dunes & beaches  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting 100%
other 80%
urban/industrial/transport 5%

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Pomorie Lake. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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