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Location Bulgaria, Varna
Central coordinates 27o 35.07' East  43o 51.72' North
IBA criteria A4iv, B1iv, B2, C5, C6
Area 25,770 ha
Altitude 28 - 253m
Year of IBA assessment 2005

Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds

Site description A section of the arid valley between the village of Karapelit and the Romanian border. There are many high, rocky massifs among the large river-meanders between the village of Balik and the village of Brestnitza, but elsewhere massifs are not very high. Forests are dominated by Quercus, Carpinus and Fraxinus. There is a reservoir, nearly 7 km long, whose open water is partly covered by Lemna and Ceratophyllum.

Key Biodiversity The area is one of the most important breeding sites in the country for Tadorna ferruginea, Buteo rufinus and Aquila pomarina. Significant proportion (³1%) of national population breeding at site: Neophron percnopterus (1 pair), Circaetus gallicus (1 pair), Hieraaetus pennatus (1 pair), Bubo bubo (1-3 pairs).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Spotted Eagle Clanga pomarina breeding  2005  9 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Buteo rufinus resident  2005  15 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo resident  2005  11 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes passage  2005  42,000 individuals  good  A4iv, B1iv, C5   


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland  50%
Grassland Dry siliceous grassland  20%
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  1%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  9%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  20%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 40%
fisheries/aquaculture 1%
forestry 50%
hunting 50%

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Suha Reka. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

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