|Central coordinates||27o 48.35' East 43o 11.55' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, B1i, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6|
|Altitude||0 - 101m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2005|
Ornithological information The complex is important for breeding Recurvirostra avosetta, which nest at the saltpans. It is the only wetland between Shabla and Durankulak lakes in the north and the Burgas lakes to the south, and thus is an important staging and wintering area for waterbirds, especially Pelecanus crispus and Phalacrocorax pygmeus. It is also a major migratory bottleneck site, where up to 50,000 Ciconia ciconia pass overhead each autumn. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aythya nyroca (min. 9 on passage), Oxyura leucocephala (max. 3 in winter).
Site description A natural coastal lake to the west of Varna, the largest Bulgarian sea-port. The northern shore is fringed by reedbeds of Phragmites, Typha and Schoenoplectus, while other parts are steeply sloping. There are sand-banks, as well as small saltpans in the westernmostpart of the complex, whose banks are overgrown with Salicornia. The lake was converted in the 1970s into a ship-canal connecting the Black Sea and Lake Beloslav, and there are many industrial installations (factories, ports, etc.), roads and railways along the lake-shore.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Common Pochard Aythya ferina||winter||1997||1,125-10,240 individuals||good||B1i, C3||Least Concern|
|Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus||passage||1996||30 individuals||poor||A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2||Vulnerable|
|Pygmy Cormorant Phalacrocorax pygmeus||winter||2001-2004||403-2,175 individuals||good||A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2||Least Concern|
|Pygmy Cormorant Phalacrocorax pygmeus||passage||1996||200 individuals||good||A1, C1, C2||Least Concern|
|Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo||winter||1997||165-2,331 individuals||good||B1i, C3||Least Concern|
|Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus||breeding||1998||30 breeding pairs||good||C6||Least Concern|
|Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta||breeding||1996||13 breeding pairs||good||B3, C6||Least Concern|
|Mew Gull Larus canus||winter||1996||30-479 individuals||good||B1i, C3||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Galata - BG0002060||Birds Directive||8,137||protected area is adjacent to site||0|
|Kazashko||Protected Landscape||125||protected area contained by site||125|
|Varna-Beloslav Lakes Complex - BG0000191||Birds Directive||4,682||is identical to site||4,682|
|Varnensko - Beloslavski kompleks - BG0000622||Habitats Directive||178||protected area contained by site||178|
|Yatata - BG0002046||Birds Directive||144||protected area is adjacent to site||0|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Wetlands (inland)||Standing brackish and salt water; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation||95%|
|Artificial landscapes (terrestrial)||Other urban and industrial areas||5%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Management considerations Problems include water pollution by industry and the overexploitation of fish stocks.
Protection status National Low International None125 ha of IBA covered by Protected Landscape (Kazashko, 125 ha).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Varna-Beloslav Lakes Complex. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/05/2013
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