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Location Bulgaria, Varna
Central coordinates 27o 35.50' East  42o 56.58' North
IBA criteria A1, A4iv, B1iv, B2, B3, C1, C5, C6
Area 88,884 ha
Altitude 0 - 612m
Year of IBA assessment 2005

Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds



Site description This mountainous area forms the north-easternmost part of the Stara Planina mountains. There are rocky massifs, two reservoirs˜Eleshnitza (100 ha) and Tzonevo (300 ha)˜and three rivers. Broadleaved forests of Quercus, Fagus and Tilia predominate, with cultivated land and pastures scattered between forests and villages. Human activity is only absent from the Strict Reserves.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  1998  8 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus passage  1998  35 individuals  medium  A1, C1  Vulnerable 
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug breeding  1998  2 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Endangered 
Lesser Spotted Eagle Aquila pomarina breeding  1998  7 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus breeding  2000  4 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Osprey Pandion haliaetus breeding  1998  1 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
European Honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus breeding  2000  11 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  1996  3-4 breeding pairs  good  C6  Endangered 
Common Scops-owl Otus scops breeding  1998  34-286 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Little Owl Athene noctua resident  1998  50-88 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Eurasian Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus breeding  1998  110-911 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Middle Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos medius resident  1998  800-1,000 breeding pairs  medium  B3, C6  Least Concern 
Syrian Woodpecker Dendrocopos syriacus resident  1998  95-632 breeding pairs  medium  B3, C6  Least Concern 
Black woodpecker Dryocopus martius resident  1998  34-104 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Picus viridis resident  1998  126-800 breeding pairs  good  B2  Not Recognised 
Grey-faced Woodpecker Picus canus resident  1998  34-47 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Wood Lark Lullula arborea breeding  1998  383-2,475 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Barred Warbler Sylvia nisoria breeding  1998  47-372 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Semi-collared Flycatcher Ficedula semitorquata breeding  2000  173-556 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Near Threatened 
European Greenfinch Carduelis chloris breeding  1998  730-6,220 breeding pairs  medium  B3  Least Concern 
Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana breeding  1998  292-1,020 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes passage  1996  min 80,000 individuals  good  A4iv, B1iv, C5   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Ecocorridor Kamchiya - Emine - BG0000393 Habitats Directive 28,055 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Kamchiiska i Eminska planina - BG0000133 Habitats Directive 63,678 protected area contained by site 63,678  
Kamchiyska Mountain - BG0002044 Birds Directive 88,884 is identical to site 88,884  
Kirov Dol Buffer Zone 27 protected area contained by site 27  
Kirov Dol Reserve 54 protected area contained by site 54  
Orlov kamak National Monument 60 protected area contained by site 60  
Plazh Shkorpilovtzi - BG0000100 Habitats Directive 5,126 protected area overlaps with site 4,499  
Provadiisko - Royaksko plato - BG0000104 Habitats Directive 50,159 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Reka Dolna Luda Kamchiya - BG0000137 Habitats Directive 2,461 protected area overlaps with site 262  
Reka Kamchiya - BG0000141 Habitats Directive 159 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Siniat Vir National Monument 4 protected area contained by site 4  
Tchudnite Skali National Monument 13 protected area contained by site 13  
Valtchi Prehod Buffer Zone 87 protected area contained by site 87  
Valtchi Prehod Managed Reserve 44 protected area contained by site 44  
Varbov Dol Buffer Zone 61 protected area contained by site 61  
Varbov Dol Managed Reserve 71 protected area contained by site 71  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland  85%
Shrubland Scrub  1%
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  7%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  -
Coastline Inland cliffs; Sand dunes & beaches; Sea cliffs and rocky shores  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  5%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry 85%
agriculture 14%
urban/industrial/transport 1%
hunting 60%
fisheries/aquaculture 1%
not utilised -
tourism/recreation 2%

Protection status National Low International None54 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Kirov Dol, 54 ha). 44 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Valtchi Prehod, 44 ha). 71 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Varbov Dol, 71 ha). 60 ha of IBA covered by National Monument (Orlov kamak, 60 ha). 4 ha of IBA covered by National Monument (Siniat Vir, 4 ha). 13 ha of IBA covered by National Monument (Tchudnite Skali, 13 ha). 27 ha of IBA covered by Buffer Zone (Kirov Dol, 27 ha). 87 ha of IBA covered by Buffer Zone (Valtchi Prehod, 87 ha). 61 ha of IBA covered by Buffer Zone (Varbov Dol, 61 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kamchiyska Mountain. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/04/2014

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