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Location Bulgaria, Burgas
Central coordinates 27o 43.90' East  42o 44.67' North
IBA criteria A1, A4iv, B1iv, B2, B3, C1, C5, C6
Area 68,811 ha
Altitude 0 - 515m
Year of IBA assessment 2005

Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds

Site description A coastal headland formed where the easternmost point of the Stara Planina mountains meets the Black Sea. The coast is rocky, with vertical cliffs, dry grassland, Paliurus scrub, and sparse stands of secondary Quercus forest.

Key Biodiversity The headland is a major migratory bottleneck site, where huge numbers of soaring waterbirds and raptors pass overhead in autumn, especially Ciconia ciconia (92,272-172,928 per season during 1990-1996). It is also one of the most important breeding areas for Hippolais olivetorum in the country.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Yelkouan Shearwater Puffinus yelkouan unknown  1998  3-30 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Vulnerable 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus passage  1996  230 individuals  medium  A1, C1  Vulnerable 
Levant Sparrowhawk Accipiter brevipes breeding  1998  5 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Lesser Spotted Eagle Clanga pomarina breeding  1998  6 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Common Tern Sterna hirundo breeding  1996  2-14 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Little Tern Sternula albifrons breeding  1996  2-12 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
European Roller Coracias garrulus breeding  1998  24-94 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Middle Spotted Woodpecker Leiopicus medius resident  1998  300-400 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Wood Lark Lullula arborea resident  1998  141-1,403 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Olive-tree Warbler Hippolais olivetorum breeding  1998  23-136 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Pied Wheatear Oenanthe pleschanka breeding  1998  2-18 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Semi-collared Flycatcher Ficedula semitorquata breeding  1998  28-275 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Corn Bunting Miliaria calandra breeding  1998  1,802-5,173 breeding pairs  medium  B3  Least Concern 
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes passage  1990-1996  92,272-172,928 individuals  good  A4iv, B1iv, C5   
Osprey Pandion haliaetus breeding  1998  1 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Cape Emine National Monument 1 protected area contained by site 1  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland  60%
Shrubland Scrub  6%
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  27%
Sea Open Sea  2%
Coastline Sea cliffs and rocky shores  5%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
military -
forestry 60%
tourism/recreation 50%
agriculture 20%
hunting 60%

Protection status National Low International None1 ha of IBA covered by National Monument (Cape Emine, 1 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Emine. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

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