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Location Bulgaria, Burgas
Central coordinates 27o 45.12' East  42o 18.13' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i, B1iii, B1iv, B2, C1, C2, C5, C6
Area 3,868 ha
Altitude 0 - 224m
Year of IBA assessment 2005

Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds

Site description A river mouth on the Black Sea coast with diverse habitats, including riparian forest of Fraxinus, Ulmus and Crataegus, nearby mountain ridges with broadleaved deciduous forests of Quercus, coastal freshwater marshes, rocky seashore, reedbeds of Phragmites, Typha and Schoenoplectus, sand beaches with dunes and inlets, and a small offshore island. Open fresh water is dominated by Hydrocharis, Nymphaea, and Lemna. Sand-dunes have a cover of grasses and dwarf-shrubs. There is some scrub dominated by Paliurus. Land-uses are confined to the buffer zone and unprotected areas.

Key Biodiversity The IBA is important as a breeding site for Ficedula semitorquata, and is also a notable migratory bottleneck site, where a minimum of 10,000 Ciconia ciconia pass overhead each autumn. Breeding species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Phalacrocorax pygmeus (4 pairs; max. 54 in winter), Aythya nyroca (3 pairs). Significant proportion (³1%) of national population breeding at site: Ixobrychus minutus (10-15 pairs).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Yelkouan Shearwater Puffinus yelkouan unknown  1996  1-9 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Vulnerable 
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides breeding  1998  11-25 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea breeding  1996  3-25 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus passage  1996  100 individuals  poor  A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2  Vulnerable 
Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus passage  1996  1,000 individuals  medium  B1iii, C2  Near Threatened 
White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla resident  1998  1 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Little Crake Zapornia parva breeding  1996  2-18 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Spotted Crake Porzana porzana breeding  1996  2-18 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Semi-collared Flycatcher Ficedula semitorquata breeding  1998  110 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes passage  1996  7,800 individuals  good  B1iv, C5   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Alepu Lake National Monument 167 protected area contained by site 167  
Maslen Nos National Monument 18 protected area contained by site 18  
Pyassachni Dyuni National Monument 12 protected area contained by site 12  
Ropotamo Buffer Zone 771 protected area contained by site 771  
Ropotamo Complex Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 5,500 protected area contains site 3,868  
Stamopolu Protected Site 40 protected area contained by site 40  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved deciduous woodland  71%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  4%
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  2%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater; Tidal rivers and enclosed tidal waters; Water fringe vegetation  -
Coastline Sand dunes & beaches; Sea cliffs and rocky shores  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation 7%
hunting 40%
forestry 58%
urban/industrial/transport 2%

Protection status National Partial International Low1,001 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Ropotamo, 1,001 ha). 167 ha of IBA covered by National Monument (Alepu lake, 167 ha). 18 ha of IBA covered by National Monument (Maslen Nos, 18 ha). 12 ha of IBA covered by National Monument (Pyassachni Dyuni, 12 ha). 40 ha of IBA covered by Protected Landscape (Stamopolu, 40 ha). 771 ha of IBA covered by Buffer Zone (Ropotamo, 771 ha). 97 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Arkoutino, 97 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Ropotamo Complex. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

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