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Location Bulgaria, Varna
Central coordinates 27o 43.98' East  43o 11.30' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Area 144 ha
Altitude 4 - 41m
Year of IBA assessment 2005

Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds

Site description A former sedimentation reservoir, close to the town of Beloslav, south of Varnensko lake. There are reedbeds of Phragmites and Typha, open-water areas, and low cliffs along the southern margin. The banks are covered by Salicornia, with Poa/Lolium grasslands and forests of Quercus, Ulmus and Carpinus on surrounding hills. The reservoir is not used for human activity, which is prohibited under the protected-area status.

Key Biodiversity The IBA is important for wintering Cygnus olor and is one of the most important breeding sites in the country for Tadorna ferruginea. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Phalacrocorax pygmeus (max. 20 on passage, max. 9 in winter), Pelecanus crispus (max. 5 on passage), Aythya nyroca (1 pair sometimes breeds; max. 18 on passage). Significant proportion (³1%) of national population breeding at site: Recurvirostra avosetta (3 pairs).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Mute Swan Cygnus olor winter  1997  143-460 individuals  good  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Ixobrychus minutus breeding  1998  15 breeding pairs  good  C6  Not Recognised 
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus winter  1998  1,200 individuals  good  A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2  Least Concern 
Himantopus himantopus breeding  1996  9 breeding pairs  good  C6  Not Recognised 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta breeding  1996  3 breeding pairs  good  B3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Yatata National Monument 154 protected area contains site 144  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Dry siliceous grassland  40%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  58%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  2%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 53%
not utilised 47%

Protection status National High International None154 ha of IBA covered by National Monument (Yatata, 154 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Yatata. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife