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Location Bulgaria, Rousse
Central coordinates 27o 4.42' East  44o 6.97' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Area 1,448 ha
Altitude 12 - 108m
Year of IBA assessment 2005

Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds



Site description A hyper-eutrophic freshwater lake directly east of the village of Srebarna, on the bank of the River Danube between kilometres 393 and 391. The open-water surface is partly covered by Hydrocharis, Nymphaea and Potamogeton, and is fringed by reedbeds of Phragmites and Typha. There are some groups of Salix in the reedbeds. Komluka island (in the Danube), which is part of the reserve, is covered by flooded forest of Salix and Populus. Plantations of Robinia and Eleagnus cover the surrounding hills.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons winter  1996  1,000-50,550 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Greylag Goose Anser anser winter  1996  17-505 individuals  medium  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Red-breasted Goose Branta ruficollis winter  2001  60 individuals  unknown  A1, C1  Endangered 
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea breeding  1998  4 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca breeding  1998  60 breeding pairs  good  A1, C1, C6  Near Threatened 
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus breeding  1998  15-50 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia breeding  1998  15-35 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Egretta garzetta breeding  1998  50-100 breeding pairs  good  C6  Not Recognised 
Ixobrychus minutus breeding  1996  20 breeding pairs  good  C6  Not Recognised 
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax breeding  1998  50-150 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides breeding  1998  60 breeding pairs  good  B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea breeding  1998  50 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Great White Egret Ardea alba breeding  1998  4-20 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus breeding  1998  20-110 breeding pairs  good  A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2, C6  Vulnerable 
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus winter  1997  3-58 individuals  good  A1, C1  Least Concern 
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus breeding  1996  15 breeding pairs  good  A1, C1, C6  Least Concern 
White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla resident  1998  1 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Himantopus himantopus breeding  1998  3-15 breeding pairs  good  C6  Not Recognised 
Common Tern Sterna hirundo breeding  1998  40 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida breeding  1998  150-500 breeding pairs  good  B1i, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Black Tern Chlidonias niger breeding  1998  3-9 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Fieldfare Turdus pilaris winter  1997  5,000-10,000 individuals  medium  B3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Réserve Srébarna UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 902 protected area contained by site 902  
Srebarna Buffer Zone 543 protected area contained by site 543  
Srebarna Managed Reserve 892 protected area contained by site 902  
Srébarna Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 1,357 protected area contained by site 1,357  
Srebarna - BG0000241 Birds Directive 1,448 is identical to site 1,448  
Srebarna Nature Reserve World Heritage Site 638 protected area contained by site 902  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  100%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation 37%
not utilised 63%
nature conservation and research 100%

Protection status National High International Partial902 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Srebarna, 902 ha). 543 ha of IBA covered by Buffer Zone (Srebarna, 543 ha). 600 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Srebarna, 600 ha). 902 ha of IBA covered by Biosphere Reserve (Srebarna, 902 ha). 902 ha of IBA covered by World Heritage Site (Srebarna, 902 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Srebarna. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife