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Location Czech Republic, South Moravia
Central coordinates 16o 40.00' East  48o 49.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B2, B3, C1, C6
Area 8,539 ha
Altitude 164 - 548m
Year of IBA assessment 2002

Czech Society for Ornithology

Site description An area of limestone outcrops (the Pavlovské hills) that dominate an otherwise undulating lowland landscape. Habitat types present include calcareous rocky slopes, steppe-grassland, dry Quercus and Quercus/Carpinus forest, Quercus, Fraxinus, Populus and Ulmus flood-plain forest, flooded meadows and two ponds that support reedbeds (Phragmites). The region is a popular destination for tourists, and there are many old quarries.

Key Biodiversity The IBA is important for species of forest and scrub grassland, certain of which (Buteo buteo, Accipiter gentilis and Pernis apivorus) occur at very high densities. It also supports the largest population of Upupa epops in the country.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White Stork Ciconia ciconia breeding  1998-2001  10-12 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
European Honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus breeding  1998-2001  7-9 breeding pairs  good  B3, C6  Least Concern 
White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla winter  1998-2001  10-20 individuals  good  A1, C1  Least Concern 
Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquilla breeding  1996-2000  200-300 breeding pairs  good  B2  Least Concern 
Middle Spotted Woodpecker Leiopicus medius resident  1998-2001  70-150 breeding pairs  good  B3, C6  Least Concern 
Syrian Woodpecker Dendrocopos syriacus breeding  1998-2001  50-60 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio breeding  1998-2001  1,000-1,300 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Barred Warbler Sylvia nisoria breeding  1998-2001  350-600 breeding pairs  good  B3, C6  Least Concern 
Collared Flycatcher Ficedula albicollis breeding  1998-2001  1,000-2,000 breeding pairs  good  B3, C6  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2010 not assessed very unfavourable not assessed
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Ciconia ciconia White Stork 11 4 breeding pairs 37 very unfavourable
Haliaeetus albicilla White-tailed Sea-eagle 15 3 individuals 20 very unfavourable
Pernis apivorus European Honey-buzzard 8 9 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Haliaeetus albicilla White-tailed Sea-eagle 1 1 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Leiopicus medius Middle Spotted Woodpecker 110 110 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Dendrocopos syriacus Syrian Woodpecker 55 55 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Lanius collurio Red-backed Shrike 1150 1375 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Sylvia nisoria Barred Warbler 475 475 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Ficedula albicollis Collared Flycatcher 1500 1500 breeding pairs 100 favourable

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Anensky vrch Natural Monument 1 protected area contained by site 0  
Kienberg Natural Monument 6 protected area contained by site 0  
Kocici skala Natural Monument 1 protected area contained by site 0  
Kotel National Nature Reserve 116 protected area contained by site 381  
Krive jezero National Nature Reserve 104 protected area contained by site 124  
Lisci vrch Nature Reserve 7 protected area contained by site 11  
Lower Morava UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 24,240 protected area contained by site 8,539  
Milovicka stran Nature Reserve 88 protected area contained by site 88  
Palava Protected Landscape Area 12,526 protected area contained by site 8,539  
Ruzovy kopec Natural Monument 11 protected area contained by site 0  
Sibenicnik Nature Reserve 3 protected area contained by site 0  
Slanisko u Nesytu National Nature Reserve 17 protected area overlaps with site 4  
Svaty kopecek Nature Reserve 57 protected area contained by site 36  
Tabulova National Nature Reserve 43 protected area contained by site 109  
Turold Nature Reserve 11 protected area contained by site 17  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Wooded steppe  28%
Shrubland Scrub  1%
Grassland Humid grasslands; Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  6%
Wetlands (inland) Salt marshes; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  2%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  63%
Caves and subterranean habitats (non-aquatic) Caves  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 55%
fisheries/aquaculture 2%
forestry 30%
hunting 25%
nature conservation and research 40%
tourism/recreation 10%
urban/industrial/transport 4%
not utilised 1%

Protection status This IBA belongs to the Pálava hills Protected Landscape Area and Biosphere Reserve; there are 13 small-scale protected areas.IBA is covered by SPA Palava (8539 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Pálava. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife