email a friend
printable version
Location Bulgaria, Lovech
Central coordinates 25o 28.73' East  43o 37.88' North
IBA criteria B1i, B2, C3, C6
Area 1,168 ha
Altitude 21 - 38m
Year of IBA assessment 2005

Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds

Site description An island in the River Danube located between kilometres 576 and 560, lying opposite Vardim village, east of the town of Svistov. Alluvial forest of Quercus, Ulmus and Populus covers the eastern part of the island, while a Populus plantation covers the western part. There are also sandbars covered by seasonally flooded forest. Human activities include intensive management of the plantation, and hunting (including international hunting tourism) during the winter.

Key Biodiversity One of the most important nesting sites in the country for Phalacrocorax carbo, Nycticorax nycticorax and Platalea leucorodia. Breeding species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Phalacrocorax pygmeus (c.20 pairs before 1989, but now extinct), Haliaeetus albicilla (1 pair before 1989, now extinct).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia breeding  1996  9-20 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax breeding  1996  40-45 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Egretta garzetta breeding  1996  20-25 breeding pairs  good  C6  Not Recognised 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo breeding  1996  350-375 breeding pairs  good  B1i, C3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Stariat Dab Protected Landscape 99 protected area contained by site 99  
Vardim - BG0000204 Habitats Directive 1,105 protected area contained by site 1,105  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest  95%
Coastline Inland sand dunes  5%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry 78%
hunting 100%

Protection status National Partial International None99 ha of IBA covered by Protected Landscape (Stariat Dab, 99 ha).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Vardim Island. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife