Sites - Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs)
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7o 2.00' West 40o 15.00' North
425 - 1,078m
Year of IBA assessment
Sociedade Portuguesa para o Estudo das Aves
Site description A medium-sized mountain range with rolling hills covered with scrub and conifer plantations. There is a sharp difference in vegetation-types between the northern and southern slopes, with the former having a colder and more continental microclimate, while the latter is more Mediterranean in character.
Key Biodiversity An important area for breeding raptors, being one of only two breeding sites known for Aegypius monachus in Portugal in recent years.
Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation
Artificial - terrestrial
Arable land; Forestry plantations; Perennial crops, orchards and groves
Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research
Protection statusNational 15,523 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Serra da Malcata, 16,348 ha). 16,361 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Serra da Malcata, 16,361 ha).International: Special Protection Area Serra da Malcata,Biogenetic Reserve (Council of Europe)
References Silva (1998)
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BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Malcata mountains. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 06/03/2015
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