email a friend
printable version
Location Portugal, Centro
Central coordinates 7o 4.00' West  40o 53.00' North
IBA criteria B2, C6
Area 23,727 ha
Altitude 130 - 652m
Year of IBA assessment 2002

Sociedade Portuguesa para o Estudo das Aves



Site description This site, located in the region of Beira Alta, includes a part of the Côa Valley, a steep valley with cliffs and rock formation of granites and schists.The vegetation is scrub of Genista with dispersed woodland of oak (Q.ilex) while in thermophile areas is present broom.Olive and almond plantations are the agriculture of this region. Also there is shepherding in the plain areas or soft slopes.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  2001  1 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus resident  2001  15-20 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  2001  4 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  2001  6-8 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Endangered 
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata resident  2001  2 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Black Kite Milvus migrans breeding  2001  10-20 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Red Kite Milvus milvus resident  2001  1-5 breeding pairs  good  C6  Near Threatened 
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax breeding  2002  5-10 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Near Threatened 
Burhinus oedicnemus breeding  2002  uncommon  C6  Not Recognised 
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo resident  2001  5-10 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Black Wheatear Oenanthe leucura resident  2001  frequent  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Blue Rock-thrush Monticola solitarius resident  2002  common  B2, C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Alto Douro Wine Region World Heritage Convention 0 unknown 0  
Vale do Côa - PTZPE0039 Birds Directive 20,607 protected area contained by site 20,607  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  58%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams  3%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  9%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  30%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
hunting -
tourism/recreation -
water management -

Protection status National Special Protection Area Vale do Rio Côa,20628 ha overlaps with IBAArcheologic Park Vale do Côa InternationalIBA overlaps with Special Protection Area.

Related state of the world's birds case studies

References SNPRCN (1992)Araujo,Neves & Rufino(1994)Monteiro(1995)Berliner(1996,2001)Instituto do Ambiente e Desenvolvimiento(1999)

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Côa valley. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife