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Location Portugal, Centro
Central coordinates 6o 57.00' West  40o 1.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B2, C1, C6
Area 15,733 ha
Altitude 200 - 407m
Year of IBA assessment 2002

Sociedade Portuguesa para o Estudo das Aves

Site description Area located in Beira Baixa, in the council of Idanha -Nova, with a wide diversity of habitats that hold tipically steppic areas, open woodland of evergreen oak (Q. suber, Q. ilex) and mediterranean shrubland. This diversity of habitats causes curiouses specifications like Erithacus rubecula that only nests in north slopes.

Key Biodiversity The area supports a wide diversity of species of steppic and rupicolous habitat. 125 species have been registered in this place and 90 of them are breeding.This site is important for threatened raptors like Neophron percnopterus, Gyps fulvus, Aquila chrysaetus, Hieraaetus fasciatus and falco peregrinus. Here it is possible to found 18 raptor species of 24 that are in Portugal.The steppic habitats are important for Ciconia nigra, Otis tarda, Tetrax tetrax, Pterocles orientalis and Burhinus oedicnemus.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  1997  5-6 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Falco peregrinus resident  2002  1 breeding pairs  good  C6  Not Recognised 
Red Kite Milvus milvus resident  2001  1-2 breeding pairs  good  C6  Near Threatened 
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus breeding  2001  1-2 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus breeding  2001  4-10 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Short-toed Snake-eagle Circaetus gallicus breeding  2001  4-10 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus resident  2000  frequent  C6  Near Threatened 
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus resident  2002  10 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  2002  2 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Endangered 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  2002  1 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Black-winged Kite Elanus caeruleus resident  2000  2-4 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata resident  2002  1 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Milvus migrans breeding  2001  8-15 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Not Recognised 
Great Bustard Otis tarda resident  1999  10-20 individuals  poor  A1, C1, C6  Vulnerable 
Burhinus oedicnemus breeding  1996  20-50 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Not Recognised 
Black-bellied Sandgrouse Pterocles orientalis breeding  2001  rare  C6  Least Concern 
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo resident  2001  5-8 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
European Roller Coracias garrulus breeding  1996  1-5 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Near Threatened 
Calandra Lark Melanocorypha calandra breeding  1996  common  C6  Least Concern 
Greater Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla breeding  2001  common  C6  Least Concern 
Dartford Warbler Sylvia undata resident  2001  common  C6  Near Threatened 
Black Wheatear Oenanthe leucura resident  1999  uncommon  C6  Least Concern 
Blue Rock-thrush Monticola solitarius resident  2001  15-50 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2005 low not assessed not assessed
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) very rapid to severe deterioration low


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved evergreen woodland; Native coniferous woodland  27%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis; Scrub  25%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  3%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  45%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
hunting -
tourism/recreation -

Protection status National:NoneInternational: None

References Pacheco et al.(1999)Rosa et al.(1999)Rosa et al.(2001a,b)

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Serra de Penha Garcia e Campina de Toulões. Downloaded from on 09/10/2015

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