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Location Portugal, Alentejo
Central coordinates 7o 53.00' West  38o 29.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B1i, B2, C1, C6
Area 53,134 ha
Altitude 220 - 270m
Year of IBA assessment 2002

Sociedade Portuguesa para o Estudo das Aves

Site description Open agricultural land used for cereals (mainly wheat) and other crops in rotation such as melon, sunflower and beans. There is sparse evergreen woodland of oak Quercus ilex and cork oak Q. suber. Fallow land is used for grazing sheep and cattle.

Key Biodiversity The site supports good numbers of breeding birds of steppic habitats, and is important for wintering Grus grus. Besides of species in species list, 10 breeding pairs of Circus pygargus and some Burhinus oedicnemus are present.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia breeding  2001  50-60 breeding pairs  good  B1i, B2, C6  Least Concern 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni breeding  2002  17-21 breeding pairs  good  A1, C1, C6  Least Concern 
Black-winged Kite Elanus caeruleus resident  2001  common  B2  Least Concern 
Milvus migrans breeding  2001  common  C6  Not Recognised 
Great Bustard Otis tarda resident  2002  25-35 individuals  good  A1, C1  Vulnerable 
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax resident  1996  200-250 breeding pairs  good  A1, B2, C1, C6  Near Threatened 
Common Crane Grus grus winter  1996  200-300 unknown  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola breeding  2001  common  C6  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Sandgrouse Pterocles orientalis resident  2001  15-20 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Calandra Lark Melanocorypha calandra resident  1996  common  C6  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  70%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 70%
Notes: Agricultural land used for cereals (mainly wheat) and other crops in rotation such as melon, sunflower and beans.
forestry 30%
Notes: Sparse woodland of holm-oak and cork-oak.
hunting -

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Évora plains. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

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