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Location Portugal, Alentejo
Central coordinates 7o 30.00' West  39o 4.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B2, B3, C1, C6
Area 1,593 ha
Altitude 250 - 350m
Year of IBA assessment 2002

Sociedade Portuguesa para o Estudo das Aves



Site description Open country with cultivation and grassland, alternating with open woodland of evergreen oak Quercus ilex and olive-groves. Fallow fields are grazed by sheep.

Key Biodiversity Important to conservation of species with a unfavourable statute of conservation, specially for breeding birds of steppic habitats. Also it is important presence of Burhinus oedicnemus, Coracias garrulus, and others.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black-winged Kite Elanus caeruleus resident  1996  6 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus breeding  1996  common  B3  Least Concern 
Great Bustard Otis tarda resident  2002  16-32 breeding pairs  good  A1, C1  Vulnerable 
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax resident  1996  80-100 breeding pairs  good  A1, C1  Near Threatened 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Monforte - PTZPE0051 Birds Directive 1,886 protected area contains site 1,593  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved evergreen woodland  10%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  90%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 90%
forestry 10%

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Monforte plains. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife